Veterinary Obstetrics, Pathology and Reproductive Technologies

A.Y. 2020/2021
6
Max ECTS
64
Overall hours
SSD
VET/10
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The aim of the course is to provide scientific knowledge on physiological reproductive processes of female genital system and clinical aspects of estrous cycle, pregnancy, parturition and puerperium in small and large animals.
Students are also given instructions about assisted reproduction, i.e. artificial insemination and embryo transfer in different species.
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the course students will be able to demonstrate their acquired knowledge on clinical aspects of estrous cycle and pregnancy, on cycle monitoring and pregnancy diagnosis, on reproductive pathologies of females, other than on basic principles of artificial insemination and embryo transfer. It is also expected that students could demonstrate communication skills and proper use of scientific terminology that will allow them to successfully attend other courses in the same field as the course in Obstetrical-Gynecological Clinics of the fifth year.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Responsible
Lesson period
First semester
Teaching methods.
Classroom teaching to one group of student and synchronous online teaching on MS Teams platform to another group will be provided for lectures and some practical activities. Practices in the lab will be organized with small group of students.

Course Syllabus and Bibliography.
Course syllabus and bibliography will not be changed.

Assessment methods and criteria.
The exam (1 h length) consists of a written test online (Moodle platform) in two parts, one for each module.
Veterinary Obstetrics: there are 3 open questions (two short and one that can be treated in a more detailed way). For each correct answer correspond: 6 points for the short questions and 18 points for the longest for a maximum of 30 points.
Reproductive Pathology: 15 multiple choice questions are foreseen. Each correct answer corresponds to 2 points for a maximum of 30 points.
The tests are passed when a minimum of 18 points are obtained in each of the two modules. The average of the two tests generates the final mark of the integrated course. If only one of the two tests is passed, its validity is maintained for the next 6 exam sessions that the student will have to use to pass the second test and obtain the final mark.
Prerequisites for admission
Propedeutical (barrier) exam: Anatomical Pathology 2.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The exam is aimed at ascertaining the knowledge acquired during the theoretical lessons and during the practical exercises. In particular, the student passes the test if he/she proves to have learned the physiological and pathological aspects of animal reproduction and he/she is able to understand the disorders of the genital system from the etiopathogenetic point of view. In addition, the student must have acquired the fundamentals of assisted reproduction techniques.

The exam consists of a written test consisting of two parts, one for each module.
Veterinary Obstetrics: there are 3 open questions (two short and one that can be treated in a more detailed way). For each correct answer correspond: 6 points for the short questions and 18 points for the longest for a maximum of 30 points.
Reproductive Pathology: 15 multiple choice questions are foreseen. Each correct answer corresponds to 2 points for a maximum of 30 points.

The tests are passed when a minimum of 18 points are obtained in each of the two module. The average of the two tests generates the final mark of the integrated course. If only one of the two tests is passed, its validity is maintained for the next 6 exam sessions that the student will have to use to pass the second test and obtain the final mark.
Ostetricia veterinaria
Course syllabus
LECTURES
Introduction: 1 hour
Clinical aspects of estrous cycle and estrous monitoring in different species: 2 hours
Fertilization and placentation processes: 2 hours
Clinical aspects of pregnancy: 3 hours
Pregnancy diagnosis in different species: 3 hours
Clinical aspects of parturition in different species: 2 hours
Clinical aspects of puerperium in different species: 1 hours
Hints to disorders of pregnancy parturition and puerperium: introduction to the course of Clinical Obstetrics (5th year): 2 hours

PRACTICALS WITH SMALL GROUPS OF STUDENTS
Questionnaire for reviewing functional anatomy of reproductive organs and reproductive endocrinology: 4 hours
Evaluation of funtional structures in bovine ovaries: 4 hours
Evaluation of colpocytological smears: analysis of microscopical images: 4 hours Clinical cases of dystocia, analysis of images and discussion: 4 hours
Teaching methods
Compulsory attendance. In the lectures, students are involved by stimulating their interest and encouraging them to participate by asking questions and asking to summarize parts already covered in the previous lessons.
In small group practical exercises, the student is guided in order to achieve his /her autonomy of judgment and evaluation of clinical cases or of the organs/smears shown.
Teaching Resources
- Arthur's Veterinary Reproduction and Obstetrics. David E. Noakes, Timothy J. Parkinson, Gary C. W. England, Geoffrey H. Arthur (eds) - WB Saunders Company Limited, London, 8th Edition, 2001. ISBN: 0702025569
- Reproduction in Farm Animals. Hafez E.S.E., Hafez B. (eds) - Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia, 7th Edition, 2000. ISBN: 0683305778
- Canine and Feline Theriogenology. Johnston SD, Root Kustritz MV, Olson PNS (eds) WB Saunders, Philadelphia 2001. ISBN: 0721656072
-Slides of the Lectures in Ariel.
Patologia della riproduzione e fecondazione artificiale
Course syllabus
Lectures and Practice exercises
A) Etiopathogenesis, description and diagnosis of pathologies of female genital system
-pathology of the vagina
-pathology of the uterus
-pathology of the salpinx
-pathology of the ovary
B) Estrous synchronization
C) Sperm collection and evaluation
D) Semen cryopreservation
E) Artificial insemination
F) Embryo transfer
Teaching methods
Attendance is mandatory. In the lectures, basic notions concerning the pathologies of the female reproductive system are taught in order to prepare students for the clinical activity of the following year. Furthermore, notions are given on artificial insemination and embryo transfer techniques. During the practise, this course offers students the opportunity to practice on animal models and ex vivo organs in relation to artificial insemination techniques and pathologies evaluation. Moreover, the use of both the ultrasound diagnostic technique and the qualitative evaluation of the semen will be also taught to students.
Teaching Resources
- Teaching material containing all presentations is deposited on the ARIEL platform
- Reproductive pathologies of domestic animals, McEntee , Academic Press, 1990
Canine and Feline Theriogenology. Johnston SD, Root Kustritz MV, Olson PNS (eds) WB Saunders, Philadelphia 2001. ISBN: 0721656072
- Current Therapy in Large Animal Theriogenology, 2nd Edition, Saunders, 2007
- Equine reproduction, Mc Kinnon, Voss, 2nd Edition, Wiley Blackwell, 2011
Ostetricia veterinaria
VET/10 - VETERINARY CLINICAL OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY - University credits: 3
Practicals: 16 hours
Lessons: 16 hours
Patologia della riproduzione e fecondazione artificiale
VET/10 - VETERINARY CLINICAL OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY - University credits: 3
Practicals: 16 hours
Lessons: 16 hours
Professor: Pecile Alessandro
Shifts:
Professor: Pecile Alessandro
Turno 1 per un gruppo di studenti
Professor: Pecile Alessandro
Turno 2 per un gruppo di studenti
Professor: Pecile Alessandro
Turno 3 per un gruppo di studenti
Professor: Pecile Alessandro