Section 1 - Safety and ergonomics of agricultural machinery: advanced and experimental solutions and strategies to overcome the unsolved problems Safety in agriculture. A general overview and analysis of critical points: machinery stability on slope operations; PTO shaft and its guard; protection against hot, moving and under pressure parts; access to and exit from the driver's place on self-propelled machinery Tractor roll-over. Accidents actual situation in Italy, EU and worldwide: technical and operator's behaviour critical points and actions and guidelines devoted to their solution Noise emissions. Analysis of the actual situation on self-propelled agricultural machinery and main active and passive devices and guidelines to reduce the operators' exposure Vibrations generation. Analysis of the actual situation on self-propelled agricultural machinery and main active and passive devices and guidelines to reduce the operators' exposure Section 2 - Pesticide distribution: advanced, experimental solutions and strategies to overcome the unsolved problems Pesticide machinery commonly used nowadays Environmental impact: Concentrated and diffused pollution of air and terrain Strategies for the reduction of diffused pollution Strategies for the reduction of concentrated pollution Advanced and innovative machinery and components to improve the pesticide distribution Section 3 - Winemaking and oenology automation: advanced, experimental solutions and strategies to overcome the unsolved problems Heat transfer in winemaking: principles of thermodynamics, heat exchangers, sizing, selection criteria The heat production: plants (components), load losses, heat losses. Numerical examples Automation in oenology: principles of automatic, the control ring (the feed-back); the On / Off systems, the proportional, integrative and derivative system (PID) The concept of sustainability: from the definition to the calculation (LCA). Solar energy (photovoltaic and solar panels), geothermal energy, the absorption systems. Example of virtuous chain based on the use of biomass from the vineyard.
Prerequisites for admission
Students must have previously acquired solid knowledge: - on viticultural mechanization, and in particular on pesticide treatments in the vineyard; - on the modern winemaking techniques adopted in the cellar. A good preparation concerning the basic principles of work safety is welcome.
The course includes a total of 5 ECTS, all of lectures.
Lecture notes made available by the teachers.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The exam is divided into 3 parts, exclusively oral, to be taken also separately at different times, in which questions are asked on broad topics covered in the entire program. The final grade is the average of the evaluations of the 3 individual parts.