Biological and morphological sciences

A.Y. 2021/2022
6
Max ECTS
60
Overall hours
SSD
BIO/13 BIO/16 MED/03
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
Undefined
Expected learning outcomes
Undefined
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Responsible
More specific information on the delivery modes of training activities for academic year 2021/22 will be provided over the coming months, based on the evolution of the public health situation.
Prerequisites for admission
The prerequisites consist of anatomical, histological , biological and medical genetic knowledge needed to pass the entrance test to CdS
Assessment methods and Criteria
The final written exam is structured in multiple choice questions.
The test results will be published on the ARIEL website of the course.
Biologia applicata
Course syllabus
Structure and organization of the eukaryotic cell: cellular compartmentalization; cell organelles; ribosomes; cytoskeleton; junctions; Matrix.
Structure and function of biological membranes: fluid mosaic model; transport through the membrane.
Cellular communication: mode of communication between cells.
Cell cycle and its regulation: phases of the cycle; control system; apoptosis; the cancer cell.
The reproduction of living things: asexual and sexual reproduction; mitosis, meiosis and their comparison; gametogenesis; fertilization; differentiation.
DNA replication: central dogma of biologyreplication at the molecular level; DNA damage repair.
Transcription: various types of RNA; RNA synthesis; maturation of messenger RNAs.
Translation and genetic code: genetic code and its properties; protein synthesis mechanism; post-translational modifications.
The eukaryotic genome: chromatin structure; the nucleosome; gene structure (intron-exons); control of gene expression.
Teaching methods
The course consists of frontal lectures (20 hours in class for Anatomy, 10 hours in class for histology, 20 hours in class for Biology, 10 hours in class for Medical genetics) during which the students can intervene with questions. All the lectures are supported by PowerPoint presentations, made available to the students on the ARIEL website. The textbook is merely recommended as a resource to help clarify concepts.
Teaching Resources
R. Roberti, G. Alunni Bistocchi, C. Antognelli, V. N. Talesa "Biochimica e Biologia per le professioni sanitarie" Seconda Edizione Ed.: McGrawHill.
Sadava, Hillis, Heller, Berenbaum "Elementi di biologia e genetica" Ed.: Zanichelli.
Campbell, Reece " Biologia & Genetica. Ed.: Pearson.
De Leo, Ginelli, Fasano " Biologia e Genetica". Ed.: Edises.
Anatomia umana
Course syllabus
Body relationships with space (axes and movements)
Skeleton
Joints
Muscles and locomotion
Skin
Cardiocirculatory system
Respiratory system
Nervous system
Sensory organs and specialized sensory pathways
Digestive system
Endocrine system
Urogenital system
Teaching methods
The course consists of frontal lectures (20 hours in class for Anatomy, 10 hours in class for histology, 20 hours in class for Biology, 10 hours in class for Medical genetics) during which the students can intervene with questions. All the lectures are supported by PowerPoint presentations, made available to the students on the ARIEL website. The textbook is merely recommended as a resource to help clarify concepts.
Teaching Resources
K. Saladin. Anatomia umana. Piccin Editore
F.H. Martini et al. Anatomia umana. EdiSes
G. Ambrosi et al. Anatomia dell'uomo. EdiErmes
Genetica medica
Course syllabus
- The human genome and the normal karyotype; chromosome number abnormalities and nondisjunction at meiosis and associated diseases
- Chromosome structural abnormalities (inversions, translocations, deletions, duplications) and related pathologies
- Gene mutations (neutral, missense, non-sense, frameshift, splicing) and their effect on protein and phenotype; genetic polymorphisms (SNP, microsatellites)
- Hereditary transmission of genetic traits and Mendel's rules; dominant and recessive traits; genealogical trees
- Autosomal and sex chromosome-linked diseases and modes of inheritance (dominant and recessive); chromosome X inactivation
- Repeat sequence expansion disorders and dynamic mutations
- Gene mutation penetrance, variable expressivity, genetic heterogeneity; de novo germinal and somatic mutations and mosaicism
- Methods for genetic analysis and genetic tests
Teaching methods
The course consists of frontal lectures (20 hours in class for Anatomy, 10 hours in class for histology, 20 hours in class for Biology, 10 hours in class for Medical genetics) during which the students can intervene with questions. All the lectures are supported by PowerPoint presentations, made available to the students on the ARIEL website. The textbook is merely recommended as a resource to help clarify concepts.
Teaching Resources
Korf -Irons - Genetica e Genomica Umane - Edi-Ermes
- Neri-Genuardi - Genetica Umana e Medica - Ed Edra
- Thompson &Thompson - Genetica in Medicina - Ed Edises
Anatomia umana
BIO/16 - HUMAN ANATOMY - University credits: 3
Lessons: 30 hours
Biologia applicata
BIO/13 - EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 20 hours
Professor: Biasin Mara
Genetica medica
MED/03 - MEDICAL GENETICS - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Professor: Ratti Antonia
Professor(s)