Computed Tomography: Techniques

A.Y. 2021/2022
7
Max ECTS
70
Overall hours
SSD
FIS/07 ING-INF/07 MED/36 MED/50
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
Teaching in detail the physical principles, the equipment, the technique, the method of image reconstruction, the anatomy and the so-called "body" radiological CT semiotics.
Expected learning outcomes
After completing the course, students must:
- learn about CT architecture, features and physical principles
- know the basic principles of a Cone-Beam CT
- know the basic rules used in the definition of CT acquisition protocols
- be able to recognize the different anatomical structures on CT images.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Didactic methods.
Half of the students, according to pre-established shifts, will participate from time to time in face-to-face lessons in classrooms suitably equipped for the Covid emergency, where safety conditions allow it.
Furthermore, to allow them to be used both in synchronous and asynchronous mode for students not present in the classroom, the lessons will be held simultaneously on the Microsoft Teams platform and can be followed both in synchrony on the basis of the first semester and in asynchronous mode, because they will be registered and left on the same platform available to students not present in the classroom.
Lessons may also include pre-recorded materials.
If the situation worsens, the lessons will be delivered through the Microsoft Teams platform and can be followed both in synchronous according to the scheduled time and asynchronously, because they are recorded through the same platform.

Program and reference material.
The program and reference material will not change. The teaching material (slides displayed during the lectures) will be available on the Ariel platform dedicated to teaching.

Methods for verifying learning and evaluation criteria.
The exam will take place in writing in the presence or in the event of an aggravation of the pandemic, with the moodle + seb + webconference modality to be activated in collaboration with the Center for educational innovation and multimedia technologies of the University of Milan.
Prerequisites for admission
In-depth knowledge of the contents of the course "Basis of Phisics and Mathematics".
Assessment methods and Criteria
Written exam with 30 quizzes (with 3 or 4 answer options). Each exact answer will be assigned 1 point. There are no penalties for unanswered or incorrect answers. The test can also be taken twice in the same session.
The final exam aims to assess the achievement of the set educational objectives.
The booking on the UNIMIA portal, within the dates established for each appeal, is mandatory for the examination.
Computerised tomography (CT) equipment, training, and image processing
Course syllabus
CT instrumentation components.
Tomographic reconstruction algorithms.
Outline of image processing.
Filters.
Teaching methods
The course is divided into a series of lectures with slide shows in Power Point. The lectures slides are uploaded to the Ariel website.
Teaching Resources
FAGGIONI, PAOLICCHI, NERI (eds.): Elementi di tomografia computerizzata
Physical principles of computerised tomography, quality controls, and x-ray protection
Course syllabus
CT: physical principles and instrumentation.
Evolution of CT from axial to multilayer CT.
CT image formation principles and reconstruction algorithms.
CT dose.
CT artifacts.
Advanced CT applications.
CT quality controls.
Teaching methods
The course is divided into a series of lectures with slide shows in Power Point. The lectures slides are uploaded to the Ariel website.
Teaching Resources
FAGGIONI, PAOLICCHI, NERI (eds.): Elementi di tomografia computerizzata
Computerised tomography (CT) imaging
Course syllabus
Main aspects of CT technology - Technical acquisition parameters - Visualization and processing.
Spiral CT - Multilayer CT.
CT Postprocessing - Artifacts.
Skull CT protocols: brain (axial, spiral), Willis polygon, rocks and mastoids, facial massif, dentascan, neck.
CT: technical, clinical and protectionist needs.
Radiation dose in CT.
CT skull: urgency.
Elective CT skull.
CT neck: non-vascular clinical applications.
Cervical, dorsal, lumbar spine CT protocols.
CT rachis: clinical applications.
Chest CT protocols: standard, high-resolution expiration / inspiration, pulmonary embolism.
Upper abdomen CT protocols.
Chest CT and upper abdomen: clinical applications.
Urinary tract CT protocols, virtual CT colon, pelvis.
Ultrasound techniques.
CT scan of the urinary tract and pelvis; uro-TC: clinical applications.
Virtual colonoscopy: clinical applications.
CT protocols skeletal and articular apparatus: pelvis, knee, shoulder, tibio-tarsic, foot, ec.
Skeletal segment CT: clinical applications.
Vascular study protocols: supra-aortic trunks, thoracic aorta, abdominal aorta, lower limbs.
CT angiography: clinical applications.
Cardiac CT: technique and postprocessing.
Cardiac CT: clinical applications.
Teaching methods
The course is divided into a series of lectures with slide shows in Power Point. The lectures slides are uploaded to the Ariel website.
Teaching Resources
FAGGIONI, PAOLICCHI, NERI (eds.): Elementi di tomografia computerizzata
GOLFIERI, TRENTI, MACCIONE: Manuale di TC per TSRM - Poletto editore
Computerised tomography (CT): techniques and protocols
Course syllabus
Main aspects of CT technology. Technical parameters of acquisition. Visualization and processing.
Spiral CT - Multilayer CT.
Post processing TC - Artifacts.
Willis, rocks and mastoids, faciale massif, dentascan, neck.
Cervical, dorsal, lumbar spine CT protocols.
Chest CT protocols: standard, high-resolution, expiration/inspiration, pulmonary embolism.
Upper abdomen CT protocols.
Urinary tract CT protocols, virtual CT colon, pelvis.
CT protocols skeletal and articular apparatus: pelvis, knee, shoulder, tibio-tarsic, foot, ec.
Vascular study protocols: supra-aortic trunks, thoracic aorta, abdominal aorta, lower limbs.
Teaching methods
The course is divided into a series of lectures with slide shows in Power Point. The lectures slides are uploaded to the Ariel website.
Teaching Resources
FAGGIONI, PAOLICCHI, NERI (eds.): Elementi di tomografia computerizzata
Computerised tomography (CT) equipment, training, and image processing
ING-INF/07 - ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC MEASUREMENT - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Computerised tomography (CT) imaging
MED/36 - IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY - University credits: 4
Lessons: 40 hours
Computerised tomography (CT): techniques and protocols
MED/50 - APPLIED MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY AND METHODOLOGY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Physical principles of computerised tomography, quality controls, and x-ray protection
FIS/07 - APPLIED PHYSICS - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours