Feed formulation and production Technologies

A.Y. 2021/2022
Overall hours
Learning objectives
The course aims to provide students with the knowledge to deal professionally with the activity of industrial production of compound foods for the main farmed species. The feed production will be evaluated considering food safety and security issues.
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the course the student knows the organization and structure of the feed mill, the techniques and the purposes of the feeding mill processing , the legislative rules governing the production and marketing of feed and premixes, knows the nutritional characteristics of the main raw materials used for the production of compound feed and evaluates the environmental implications due to the choice of the raw materials used in a perspective of environmental and economic sustainability of production.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
First semester
Lessons will be conducted remotely using Microsoft Teams in synchronous mode. Multimedia material will be made available to students b ARIEL platform.
Course syllabus
Structure of the Italian feed industry. Current legislative framework for the production of compound feed (complementary, complete), premix and additive. Requiriments, transport, reception, quality control, handling and storage of raw materials (cereals, oilseed cakes and flours, flours of animal origin, other simple feeds and by-products). Nutritional value of raw materials. The formulation of feed. Processing: machines, processes, technological and nutritional implications of the main treatments implemented in the feed mill (grinding, crushing, extrusion, micronization and pelleting). Heat treatments for the destruction of thermolabile antinutritive factors. Quality control on the finished product. Good manufacturing practices. Production of additives and premixes. Production regulations: rules relating to animal rationing. Relationship between feed used in the ration and environmental sustainability. EFSA and technical dossier preparation for the registration of a feed additive in the EU catalog: presentation of some case studies.
Prerequisites for admission
Knowledge relating to the ration formulation of livestock and the evaluation of feeds of zootechnical interest
Teaching methods
Lectures, computer classroom exercises for the formulation of a compound feed, visits to commercial feeding mills, external seminars, independent individual/group research and presentation to the class of additives/alternative feed ingredients for the feed mill industry.
Teaching Resources
Slides of the lessons.
References to on-line sites and scientific publications.
All teaching materials and reference links will be uploaded to the teacher's Ariel website.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The exam will consist of an oral test aimed at evaluating the acquired knowledge. The student will also formulate and label a feed compound which will be discussed during the exam. During the lab formulation classes, the student will learn to formulate a compound feed with a software used in the feed mill. The same software will be used by the student to formulate the compound feed which will be discussed during the exam.
AGR/18 - ANIMAL NUTRITION AND FEEDING - University credits: 6
Field activity: 16 hours
Laboratories: 8 hours
Lessons: 36 hours
Professor: Colombini Stefania