International law and international law on sustainable development

A.Y. 2021/2022
Overall hours
Learning objectives
The Course explores the functioning of the international and European legal systems and how they deal with the concept of sustainable development.
The course aims at explaining:
- the fundamental aspects of the normative process of making and applying Public International Law within a pluralistic and globalized legal order;
- the process of European integration in its legal and institutional aspects or, for those students having already received education in EU Law, to advance their knowledge and understanding of EU Law, especially relating to sustainable development;
- the normative role of the concept of sustainable development in contemporary international law and of the legal techniques to foster the integration of economic, social, and environmental concerns in the process of international law.
Expected learning outcomes
Upon successful completion of the course, students will be able to:
- understand how international and EU law are made, interpreted, and applied, as well as how international law deals with sustainable development issues, with specific references to the legal techniques to further an integrated (rather than a fragmented) approach to international law;
- identify and apply the relevant legal notions learnt during the course to practical cases, through the study of the practice of States and International Organizations and the analysis of relevant international and national case-law
- frame the legal analysis of a given issue from the perspective of public international law and EU law and put forward legal arguments on issues of international law relating to sustainable development
- express basic and intermediate concepts of international and EU law in a coherent and adequate fashion, using proper legal terminology
- familiarise with the method of research and study of international and EU law, including by learning how to search and use primary sources, case-law, and scholarship.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
First semester
In the first semester, this course will be taught in class. A seat in the classroom can be booked ahead of time through the dedicated app. Only if the app and the classroom will be full, the class will be live-streamed (and not recorded) through Microsoft Teams.
In any case, this set-up will depend upon the evolution of the emergency and the respect of the security directives, and might change.
Course syllabus
The Course is divided into three parts that will take place in parallel.
PART I: Public International Law(Prof. Cesare Pitea, 42 hours)
This part explores and analyses the main issues regarding the structure and the functioning of the international legal system. In doing so, issues, themes and cases relevant to the concept of sustainable development will constantly be referred to.
- Notion and nature of public international law and the challenges of sustainable development
- Subjects and actors of international law and the expansion of its subjective reach in the framework of sustainable development
- Law-making in international law and its transformation in the light of sustainable development
- Implementing international law: Responsibility and liability of States and International Organizations; monitoring procedures and dispute settlement;

PART II: European Union Law (Prof. Ilaria Anrò, 8 hours)
Explores and analyses the main issues regarding the foundations of European Union Law.
- History of European integration
- EU Institutions
- Legislative process and principles
- EU law in domestic legal systems
- The EU judicial system.
PART III: International Law (Prof. Benedetta Cappiello, 13 hours)
- Special issues.
Prerequisites for admission
Perfect knowledge of the English language.
Basic knowledge of public international law is recommended.
Teaching methods
Course attendance is mandatory, meaning that students will be required to attend at least 70% of classes.
The classes will combine lectures and discussion of relevant issues/cases. Students will be required to read certain materials in advance of the class and actively participate in structured discussions of issues and/or cases.
Teaching Resources
The following textbooks will provide students with the basic elements of knowledge for Module A of the Course:

- Part I (Public International Law):
A. Tanzi, A Concise Introduction to International Law, Giappichelli/Eleven, 2019;
P. Gaeta and others (eds), Cassese's International Law, OUP, 2020.

- Part II (EU Law):
R. Schütze, European Union Law, Cambridge University Press, 2018, Part I Constitutional Foundations limited to: 1."Constitutional History: From Paris to Lisbon" (p. 3 - 41); 3."European Law I: Nature - Direct effect" (p. 76 - 117); 5. "Governmental Structure: Union Institutions I" (p. 150 -187); 6. "Governmental Structure: Union Institutions II" (p. 189 -223); Part II, Governmental Powers, limited to "Legislative Powers: Competences and Procedures" (p. 225 -265).

Further mandatory and suggested readings will be given during the course and be available on the Ariel page of the Course.
Assessment methods and Criteria
Students will be evaluated through:
- in class participation and in class presentations (max 20% of the final grade)
- written test and (max 80% of the final grade)
- final oral examination (which will adjust the grade in light of the evaluation in EU Law.
IUS/13 - INTERNATIONAL LAW - University credits: 9
Lessons: 63 hours
I receive students by appointment, e-mail luigi.crema@unimi
Stanza d'Angolo, Biblioteca di diritto internazionale, via Festa del Perdono 7, Milano