An Introduction to Medicine

A.Y. 2021/2022
4
Max ECTS
48
Overall hours
SSD
MED/01 MED/02 MED/42 MED/43
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The course aims to provide students with the understanding of: i) the historical dimension as synthesis of human and natural sciences as requisite to deal with the challenges of modern medicine; (ii) the evolution of the concepts of health and disease from how the great epidemics have been faced in the past to the WHO definition of health and over; (iii) an introduction to the concept and principles of global health; (iv) an introduction to the quantitative method in the biomedical field (biometry); (v) the ethical dimension of professional behavior also in the field of clinical research.
Expected learning outcomes
Students:
i) know and reflect upon the main issues referred to health, health care provision and bioethics in an historical and social framework considering also their quantitative aspects;
(ii) acquire a good understanding of socio-economic, cultural, bioethical complexity of medical problems;
(iii) understand the need of integrating the whole amount of knowledge and competence acquired during the academic path with the relevant methodological and cultural aspects in order to act and behave as competent and mature professional;
(iv) understand the meaning of the new cross-discipline of global health
Course syllabus and organization

Linea: Policlinico

Responsible
More specific information on the delivery modes of training activities for academic year 2021/22 will be provided over the coming months, based on the evolution of the public health situation.
Prerequisites for admission
No prior knowledge needed
Assessment methods and Criteria
The exam consists of three parts: written test consisting of 48 multiple choice questions (50% of the assessment) on all modules of the course, preparation of a short thesis on a topic chosen by the student (30% of the assessment), discussion of the dissertation (10% of the evaluation), oral questions on course topics. The short thesis, in word or pdf format, must be uploaded in the appropriate electronic file prepared on the ARIEL platform at least 10 days before the exam. Passing the written test is an indispensable condition for moving on to the next stages. The exam is considered passed if no more than 12 answers are wrong and not more than 50% for each module.
Medical statistics
Course syllabus
1 A further definition of Health and Illness
2 The contemporary planetary tragedies described with the numbers: AIDS and beyond
3 The Forerunners of the Evidence Based Medicine
Teaching methods
Lesson from the chair
Teaching Resources
Giorgio Cosmacini, Claudio Rugarli Introduzione alla medicina. 2007 Manuali Laterza.
Giorgio Cosmacini L'arte lunga. Storia della medicina dall'antichità a oggi. Seconda Edizione, 8 set. 2011 Laterza / e-book
Bertram Pitt, Desmond Julian, Stuart Pocock. La sperimentazione clinica principi fondamentali Il Pensiero Scientifico 2000
Medical history
Course syllabus
Medicine has a history: origins and meaning of Medicine and of the History of Medicine; The sources for study and research in the historical-medical field. Medicine in ancient Greece and Rome. Medieval Medicine; Knowing the body: Renaissance and animated anatomy. Iatrofisica and Iatrochimica. Microscopic anatomy. Enlightenment and public health: occupational diseases, hygiene and preventive medicine, vaccine prophylaxis, orthopedics, humanitarian treatment of the mentally ill.
The birth of the Clinic and its tools: semiotics, diagnostics and therapy; Surgery problems and their resolution: analgesia, anesthesia, asepsis and antisepsis. Cell theory and microbiology. The twentieth century: new concepts, tools and therapies; Evolution and transformation of hospital locations. History of medical surgical instrumentation. Notes on the history of Lombard healthcare.
Teaching methods
Lesson from the chair
Teaching Resources
Giorgio Cosmacini L'arte lunga. Storia della medicina dall'antichità a oggi. Seconda Edizione, 8 set. 2011 Laterza / e-book
Hygiene and public health
Course syllabus
Public Health: What can be learned looking at how humans coped with the epidemics in the past centuries. The doctors' disease: infection control and hand hygiene. How the paradigm of health and disease has changed following the WHO Constitution. The determinants of health.
Global health: The concept and principles of global health, and the main dynamics among socio-economic-environmental conditions and global, community and individual health status, reflecting on their effects in terms of approaches in health and beyond-health interventions. Specific themes: Key concepts and definition of global health (GH); Evolution of GH from tropical medicine to public health and international health; Global burden of disease, epidemiological transition; the future of global health; Social and economic determinants of health; The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs); functions of the World Health Organization; climate change.
Teaching methods
Lesson from the chair with use of visual aids
Teaching Resources
Texts and study materials are suggested and made available during the lessons and through the ARIEL platform.
Forensic medicine
Course syllabus
° Introduction to bioethics
° End-of-life issues
° The ethics of abortion.
° Conscientious objection in medicine.
° Human experimentation: an introduction to the ethical issues
° Social, legal, and ethical implications of genetic testing
° Ethical aspects of organ transplantation
° Equal access to healthcare
Teaching methods
Lesson from the chair
Teaching Resources
Borsellino P. Bioetica tra morali e diritto, Raffaello Cortina, 2018
Boniolo G., Maugeri P. Etica alle frontiere della biomedicina, Mondadori Università, 2014
Cattorini P. Bioetica. Metodo ed elementi di base per affrontare problemi clinici. Elsevier, 4° ed., 2011
Forensic medicine
MED/43 - FORENSIC MEDICINE - University credits: 1
Lessons: 12 hours
Hygiene and public health
MED/42 - HYGIENE AND PUBLIC HEALTH - University credits: 1
Lessons: 12 hours
Medical history
MED/02 - MEDICAL HISTORY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 12 hours
Professor: Porro Alessandro
Medical statistics
MED/01 - MEDICAL STATISTICS - University credits: 1
Lessons: 12 hours

Linea: San Donato

More specific information on the delivery modes of training activities for academic year 2021/22 will be provided over the coming months, based on the evolution of the public health situation.
Prerequisites for admission
No prior knowledge needed
Assessment methods and Criteria
The exam consists of three parts: written test consisting of 48 multiple choice questions (50% of the assessment) on all modules of the course, preparation of a short thesis on a topic chosen by the student (30% of the assessment), discussion of the dissertation (10% of the evaluation), oral questions on course topics. The short thesis, in word or pdf format, must be uploaded in the appropriate electronic file prepared on the ARIEL platform at least 10 days before the exam. Passing the written test is an indispensable condition for moving on to the next stages. The exam is considered passed if no more than 12 answers are wrong and not more than 50% for each module.
Medical statistics
Course syllabus
1 A further definition of Health and Illness
2 The contemporary planetary tragedies described with the numbers: AIDS and beyond
3 The Forerunners of the Evidence Based Medicine
Teaching methods
Lesson from the chair
Teaching Resources
Giorgio Cosmacini, Claudio Rugarli Introduzione alla medicina. 2007 Manuali Laterza.
Giorgio Cosmacini L'arte lunga. Storia della medicina dall'antichità a oggi. Seconda Edizione, 8 set. 2011 Laterza / e-book
Bertram Pitt, Desmond Julian, Stuart Pocock. La sperimentazione clinica principi fondamentali Il Pensiero Scientifico 2000
Medical history
Course syllabus
Medicine has a history: origins and meaning of Medicine and of the History of Medicine; The sources for study and research in the historical-medical field. Medicine in ancient Greece and Rome. Medieval Medicine; Knowing the body: Renaissance and animated anatomy. Iatrofisica and Iatrochimica. Microscopic anatomy. Enlightenment and public health: occupational diseases, hygiene and preventive medicine, vaccine prophylaxis, orthopedics, humanitarian treatment of the mentally ill.
The birth of the Clinic and its tools: semiotics, diagnostics and therapy; Surgery problems and their resolution: analgesia, anesthesia, asepsis and antisepsis. Cell theory and microbiology. The twentieth century: new concepts, tools and therapies; Evolution and transformation of hospital locations. History of medical surgical instrumentation. Notes on the history of Lombard healthcare.
Teaching methods
Lesson from the chair
Teaching Resources
Giorgio Cosmacini L'arte lunga. Storia della medicina dall'antichità a oggi. Seconda Edizione, 8 set. 2011 Laterza / e-book
Hygiene and public health
Course syllabus
Public Health: What can be learned looking at how humans coped with the epidemics in the past centuries. The doctors' disease: infection control and hand hygiene. How the paradigm of health and disease has changed following the WHO Constitution. The determinants of health.
Global health: The concept and principles of global health, and the main dynamics among socio-economic-environmental conditions and global, community and individual health status, reflecting on their effects in terms of approaches in health and beyond-health interventions. Specific themes: Key concepts and definition of global health (GH); Evolution of GH from tropical medicine to public health and international health; Global burden of disease, epidemiological transition; the future of global health; Social and economic determinants of health; The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs); functions of the World Health Organization; climate change.
Teaching methods
Lesson from the chair with use of visual aids
Teaching Resources
Texts and study materials are suggested and made available during the lessons and through the ARIEL platform.
Forensic medicine
Course syllabus
° Introduction to bioethics
° End-of-life issues
° The ethics of abortion.
° Conscientious objection in medicine.
° Human experimentation: an introduction to the ethical issues
° Social, legal, and ethical implications of genetic testing
° Ethical aspects of organ transplantation
° Equal access to healthcare
Teaching methods
Lesson from the chair
Teaching Resources
Borsellino P. Bioetica tra morali e diritto, Raffaello Cortina, 2018
Boniolo G., Maugeri P. Etica alle frontiere della biomedicina, Mondadori Università, 2014
Cattorini P. Bioetica. Metodo ed elementi di base per affrontare problemi clinici. Elsevier, 4° ed., 2011
Forensic medicine
MED/43 - FORENSIC MEDICINE - University credits: 1
Lessons: 12 hours
Hygiene and public health
MED/42 - HYGIENE AND PUBLIC HEALTH - University credits: 1
Lessons: 12 hours
Medical history
MED/02 - MEDICAL HISTORY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 12 hours
Medical statistics
MED/01 - MEDICAL STATISTICS - University credits: 1
Lessons: 12 hours
Professor(s)
Reception:
previo appuntamento e-mail
Padiglione Centro Ipertensione - Ospedale maggiore Policlinico - 1* p.