Latin American Literature 2

A.Y. 2021/2022
Overall hours
Learning objectives
The course offers an articulated knowledge of the general problems of Hispanic American literature, with particular attention to intercultural aspects and the dynamics of identity construction. The main aim is to provide the student with an overview, diachronic and synchronic, of the main literary currents that have addressed the problem of otherness, also through the methodologies and tools of literary analysis (genres, themes, structures and styles).
Expected learning outcomes
Knowledge and understanding: the student acquires a good ability to read texts, critical and literary, in language, knows how to interpret and contextualize them, deepens the theories and methodologies of the discipline. Applied skills: the student is able to use the main tools of text analysis as well as to recognize genres, themes, structures and styles, identifies with certainty the main historical and cultural implications of the reference texts. He is also able to revise independently the disciplinary contents acquired.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
Second semester
During the emergency teaching phase, the programme is maintained with the following modifications, for a good online use of the course originally designed for in-presence teaching:
The lessons will alternate synchronous teaching by Teams platform and asynchronous teaching (audioppt and videos in Ariel and Classroom - students are requested to monitor the Classroom platform on a daily basis. The code will be made available at the beginning of the course in Ariel-). Synchronous lessons will be complemented by group activities in the form of text analysis exercises. For students who will not be able to participate in the group activities, alternative activities will be arranged, in order to develop the same skills acquired in the exercises proposed during the video lessons -Classroom platform-. The lesson calendar and all the details of the activities will be published by the beginning of the lessons.
Course syllabus
The course is entitled "The Construction of Otherness in Latin America: Interpreting the Nineteenth Century" and consists of the following three modules, which will be dealt with in sequence:
A: The representation of otherness in the context of American Independences
B: The African presence in the Americas: forms and representations
C: The problem of the Indian: reflections on identity
Starting from a reflection on the Hispanic-American scenarios of the 19th century, a complex and controversial century, in which the political Independence poses the question of the cultural and literary independence, the course aims at reflecting on the Hispanic-American social and cultural reality that, starting from the Conquest, has been characterized as a great multiethnic and multicultural laboratory. Starting from these premises, the main objective of the course is to redeem, in a constant dialogue between context and text, forms, models and paradigms capable of defining the great twentieth-century season of Hispanic-American literature. the constant exercise of text analysis will lead to: 1) investigate the forms of construction and representation of identity and otherness in Hispano-American contexts; 2) trace the formal and stylistic characteristics (symbolic spatiality, temporal juxtaposition, testimoniality) characteristic of American expression, 2) recognise the mechanisms of resistance and articulation of a dissident discourse conveyed by literature.
Module A will address the issue of 1810, between independence and emancipation. The problem of identity (of ethnicity, culture, religion, gender) will be at the centre of the debate, in the desire to construct an imaginary world, detached from European models, capable of embodying the multiple socio-cultural status of the continent.
In module B we will analyse the presence of the African group in the Hispanic-American contexts, the forms and models of representation of the slave in the work of Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda, Alejo Carpentier and Miguel Barnet.
Module C will deal with the imaginary of the Indian in Peru, through the twentieth-century reinterpretations of José María Arguedas and Rosario Castellanos.
Special attention will be devoted to the analysis of the text, through seminar lectures of reading and commentary and exercises.
The course programme runs until and including September 2023.
Prerequisites for admission
The course is held in Italian. The examination materials and bibliography, on the other hand, will be entirely in Spanish and presuppose skills in literary history, use of terminology and critical analysis acquired in previous courses (Hispanic American Literature 1).
Teaching methods
The course adopts the following teaching methods: frontal lectures; readings and commentary on the works in the program; seminar lessons.
Teaching Resources
Perassi, Emilia; Scarabelli, Laura, Itinerari di cultura ispanoamericana. Ritorno alle origini e ritorno delle origini, Torino, UTET 2011 (92-108; 141-160; 185-226; 273-304; 343-375)
Scarabelli, Laura, Identità di zucchero. Immaginari nazionali e processi di fondazione nella narrativa cubana, vol. 1, Milano, Arcipelago, 2009
Alejo Carpentier, Historia de lunas y Los fugitivos, Madrid, Random House, 1990.
Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda, Sab:
Miguel Barnet, Biografía de un cimarrón, La Habana, Letras cubanas, 2012
José María Arguedas, Cuentos escogidos, Caracas, Ayacucho, 1986 (selezione di racconti)
Rosario Castellanos, Balún Canán, México, Fondo de Cultura, 1957.
Cornejo Polar, Antonio, Los universos narrativos de José María Arguedas, Buenos Aires, Editorial Losada, 1973 (selezione di capitoli).
Lienhard, Martin, La voz y su huella. Escritura y conflicto étinico y social en América Latina (1492 - 1988), México, Ediciones Casa Juan Pablos. 2003 (selezione di capitoli)
Ortega, Nelsol, Relatos mágicos en cuestión, Berlin-Madrid, Veuvert, Iberoamericana, 2006 (selezione di capitoli)
Franco Brioschi, Costanzo Di Girolamo, Massimo Fusillo, Introduzione alla letteratura, Roma, Carocci, 2020
Different chapters will be given to study in each year).
The programme for non-attending students is identical to that for attending students.
The programme is not intended to be complete and will be supplemented with a series of essays, readings and in-depth studies that will be indicated at the beginning of the course and during the lectures. It is therefore advisable for both students and non-attending students to carefully and constantly monitor the Ariel platform and the Ariel page (Course in Spanish-American Literature 2). All supplementary texts uploaded on the course page are to be considered an integral part of the examination programme.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The exam consists of an individual interview, which includes questions asked by the teacher, interactions between teacher and student and the analysis and commentary of one or more passages taken from the works in the program. The interview lasts about 20 minutes and can be held in Italian or Spanish, at the student's choice. The interview aims to verify the knowledge of the texts studied, the contextualization ability of authors and works, the ability to analyze the text, the ability in the exposition, the precision in the use of specific terminology, the ability of critical and personal reflection on the proposed themes. Finally, it will take into account, if done in Spanish, language skills. The final grade is expressed in thirtieth, and the student has the right to reject it (in which case it will be recorded as "withdrawn"). For the students attending the course, there will be in partial tests, at the end of the different modules.
Other information:
International students or Erasmus incoming students are invited to contact the teacher of the course in advance.
Examination procedures for students with disabilities and/or DSA must be agreed with the teacher, in agreement with the competent office.
Unita' didattica A
Lessons: 20 hours
Unita' didattica B
Lessons: 20 hours
Unita' didattica C
Lessons: 20 hours
Educational website(s)