Medical Pathophysiology

A.Y. 2021/2022
6
Max ECTS
60
Overall hours
SSD
MED/06 MED/09 MED/13 MED/14 MED/15
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The course will provide : 1. the principles of the clinical approach to diagnosis and treatment of neoplasms and their complications; 2. the knowledge of the main pathophysiological bases of cardiovascular, respiratory and gastroenterological diseases and their application to clinical practice focusing on the laboratory diagnostic aspects; 3. the knowledge of the clinical presentation and the pathophysiology of the main endocrine diseases, of the most important hormonal tests and of the main dynamic testing and imaging techniques; 4. the knowledge of the main changes associated with renal diseases, and the most relevant electrolyte and acid-base derangements; 5. the basis to understand the molecular and biological mechanisms of blood diseases and their classification systems, in order to acquire the information for carrying out laboratory diagnostic tests useful for characterizing these forms.
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the course the student must be able to understand the pathophysiological mechanisms involved in the main pathologies of organs and systems, with particular regard to those aspects that constitute the biological foundation and the object of the laboratory diagnostic approach.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Responsible
- The program of the course will not be modified
- Teaching resources will not be modified
- Teaching method: on-line teaching on Microsoft Teams platform
- Assessment method: written exam on Moodle
Prerequisites for admission
The student must have previously acquired the general concepts of eukaryotic cell biology and those of biochemistry and molecular biology and basic knowledge concerning human anatomy and physiology, as well as those related to immunology and general pathology.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The exam will be written and will concern the topics listed in the program. In particular, each student will be given a test with 10 multiple choice questions and 2 questions chosen from the topics of the five modules of the course for which the student must make a written paper. Where required, in case of special needs, pre-appeals are also provided. With the help of slides and laboratory tests, each student will be provided with all the tools necessary for passing the exams.
Medical oncology
Course syllabus
Neoplastic disease
∙ Cancer treatment
∙ Clinical oncological methodology
∙ Complications of cancer disease
∙ Complications of cancer treatment
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons supported by visual means. Exercises at the diagnostic and research laboratories of the different course modules. These methods will put the student in the best condition to learn the mechanisms of human diseases and the main and current diagnostic techniques.
Teaching Resources
The material will be provided to the student during the lessons
Internal medicine
Course syllabus
Cardiology
∙ Electrophysiology, ECG and electromechanical events of the cardiac cycle
∙ Arrhythmias, long QT syndrome
∙ Atherosclerosis
∙ Ischemic myocardial disease
∙ Hypertension
∙ Heart failure
Pneumology
∙ Pathophysiology of respiration
∙ Airway infections, pneumonia
∙ Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Gastroenterology
∙ Celiac disease, malabsorption
∙ Chronic inflammatory bowel disease
∙ Acute and chronic hepatitis
∙ Jaundice
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons supported by visual means. Exercises at the diagnostic and research laboratories of the different course modules. These methods will put the student in the best condition to learn the mechanisms of human diseases and the main and current diagnostic techniques.
Teaching Resources
Le basi patologiche della malattia-Robbins
Principi di medicina interna-Harrison
Endocrinology
Course syllabus
Diabetes
∙ Pituitary pathologies
∙ Thyroid diseases
∙ Adrenal pathologies
∙ Pathologies of the gonads
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons supported by visual means. Exercises at the diagnostic and research laboratories of the different course modules. These methods will put the student in the best condition to learn the mechanisms of human diseases and the main and current diagnostic techniques.
Teaching Resources
Core curriculum, Endocrinologia e Metabolismo
di FAGLIA G.
Editore: McGraw-Hill
Nephrology
Course syllabus
. Pathophysiology of glomerular function
∙ Pathophysiology of tubular function
∙ Regulation of the sodium and water balance and its alterations
∙ Pathophysiology of endocrine function of the kidney
∙ Acid-base balance and its alterations
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons supported by visual means. Exercises at the diagnostic and research laboratories of the different course modules. These methods will put the student in the best condition to learn the mechanisms of human diseases and the main and current diagnostic techniques.
Teaching Resources
Nefrologia
di Garibotto G e Pontremoli R
Edizioni Minerva Medica
Blood diseases
Course syllabus
General concepts of hematopoiesis
∙ Anemias
∙ Acute myeloid and lymphoid leukemias
∙ Myeloproliferative and myelodysplastic syndromes
∙ Lymphomas and lymphoproliferative syndromes
∙ Pathologies of hemostasis
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons supported by visual means. Exercises at the diagnostic and research laboratories of the different course modules. These methods will put the student in the best condition to learn the mechanisms of human diseases and the main and current diagnostic techniques.
Teaching Resources
The material will be provided to the student during the lessons
Blood diseases
MED/15 - BLOOD DISEASES - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Professor: Neri Antonino
Endocrinology
MED/13 - ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Professor: Mantovani Giovanna
Internal medicine
MED/09 - INTERNAL MEDICINE - University credits: 2
Lessons: 20 hours
Medical oncology
MED/06 - MEDICAL ONCOLOGY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Nephrology
MED/14 - NEPHROLOGY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Professor: Messa Piergiorgio
Professor(s)
Reception:
by appointment via email
Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale Tumori, Milan