Mineralogy and Lithology Practicals

A.Y. 2021/2022
Overall hours
GEO/02 GEO/06
Learning objectives
Knowledge and understanding: learning the scientific method to observe, describe and classify minerals and rocks
Expected learning outcomes
Applying knowledge and understanding: basic knowledge of the principal rock forming minerals and lithotypes
Making judgements: ability to cross-correlate observations and phenomenological knowledge to formulate diagnoses
Communication skills: ability to write a report on mineral and rock features as observed in laboratory and in the field
Learning skills: ability to approach phenomenological studies; basic knowledge in view of advanced learning in mineralogy and petrography
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
Second semester
The 2021-22 edition of the laboratory might be hopefully held live in classroom, as in the normal pre-pandemic editions, since the Laboratory will start in march 2022. Anyway, the Laboratory program and the teaching methods will remain unchanged compared to the pre-emergency editions, if necessary the only difference consisting in online lecturing.
The exam will remain unchanged compared to the former editions of the Laboratory, as it is described in a following point. In case of renewed restrictions owing to the pandemic emergency the final exam will be held live online on the Teams class of the Laboratory as an oral enquiry.Any switch from classroom to online teaching will be communicated by mail and posted to the Ariel site of the Laboratory.
Course syllabus
Synopsis: the rock forming minerals. Observation of the main features in minerals and rock samples. The main features of crystals. Chemical and physical features of minerals. Introduction on analytical methods in mineralogy. Systematic mineralogy. Ore and industrial minerals.
This Laboratory Course introduces Students to observation, description, classification and basic interpretation of Igneous, Sedimentary and Metamorphic Rocks, both on hand specimen and on outcrops.
1) textures and mineralogical composition of Igneous Rocks
2) classification of Igneous rocks
3) Igneous process: silicate melts, properties and crystallization; field relations of intrusions and volcanic rocks bodies
4) components, textures and structures of Sedimentary Rocks
5) classifications of sedimentary rocks
6) sedimentary rocks as geological materials
7) cycle of sedimentary rocks in their lithosphere/atmosphere context
8) basic concepts on diagenesis and Sedimentary Rocks petrogenesis
9) Sedimentary Rocks in the outcrops: field methods for analysis of lithotypes
10) Fabric, composition and Classification of Metamorphic rocks
11) Metamorphism: variables, metamorphic facies, types of metamorphism
Prerequisites for admission
"Chemistry and Laboratory", "Introduction to Geology and Laboratory" and "Paleontolgy and Laboratory" are useful introductory courses for "Mineralogy and Lithology Practicals"
Teaching methods
The course includes lectures on theory, laboratory exercises and field activity, distributed as follows:
3 cfu (24 h) theory (1 credits part minerals, 2 credits part rocks)
6 cfu (72 h) laboratory exercises divided into shifts (2 credits for minerals, 4 credits for rocks)
1 cfu (12 h) field activity
Teaching Resources
Materials and Manuals by the teachers are availables at ARIEL website
C. Klein, A.R. Philpotts Earth Materials, Cambridge ed.
Tucker, The field description of Sedimentary Rocks, Geological Society of London ed.
Bosellini, Mutti, Ricci Lucchi Rocce e successioni sedimentarie (UTET ed.)
Assessment methods and Criteria
The test concerns written open questions on general mineralogy and description and identification of three macroscopic samples of minerals of geological and economical relevance.
The test includes the observation, written description and classification of four rock specimen, and the reply to two open questions.
The final score is obtained from the weighted average between single scores of minerals and rocks tests
GEO/06 - MINERALOGY - University credits: 0
Field activity: 12 hours
Practicals: 72 hours
Lessons: 24 hours
Turno I A Laboratorio Rocce
Professor: Tumiati Simone
Turno I B Laboratorio Rocce
Professor: Bersezio Riccardo
Turno I Laboratorio Minerali
Professor: Merlini Marco
Turno II A Laboratorio Rocce
Professor: Tumiati Simone
Turno II B Laboratorio Rocce
Professor: Bersezio Riccardo
Turno II Laboratorio Minerali
Professor: Merlini Marco
Monday-Friday with appointment
Via Botticelli 23 - office first floor
Ask for an appointment via email
Via Mangiagalli 34, 3° floor
Mon-Fri, 9-11.
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra "Ardito Desio", Via L. Mangiagalli 34, 20133 Milano