Pest management in post-harvest food

A.Y. 2021/2022
Overall hours
Learning objectives
Understanding of the role of pests in storage areas in particular cereals, pulses, spices, herbs and nuts. Procedures for the application of proper integrated pest management.
Expected learning outcomes
Acquiring knowledge about the problems of storage from the attack of pests. Biology of the main pest species on post-harvest. Procedures for correct prevention of stored product. How to implement a monitoring of pests. Methods of pest control through the use of physical methods.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
Second semester
More specific information of the delivery modes of training activities for academic year 2021/2022 will be provided ower the coming months, based on the evolution of the public health situation.
Course syllabus
Characteristics and damage caused by pests. Main species infesting commodities and processing environments and storage: Coleoptera, Lepidoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera, Psocottera, Thysanura and Cockroaches. Main species of mites of the foodstuffs. Factors favoring settlement, survival and spread of weeds. Factors that make it difficult to control weeds in post-harvest. Biocenosis of cereals, legumes, nuts, and herbs stored. General rules of prevention. Standards of cleanliness. Winding and packaging. Attacks on packaging before use. Attacks on packaging and packaging ready for commercialization. Resistance of the packaging to the attack of insects. Consideration of a hole to determine origin infestation. Insects penetrators and invaders. Methods of analysis, sampling, tools for sampling, sampling techniques, packaging and storage of samples. Main methods to detect the presence of pests: direct visual examination, sieving, organic, hectoliter weight, flottazone, staining methods, calorimetric and respirometric, method, X-ray and acoustic analysis. Filth test. Methods for environments: analysis of trace probe traps, pheromone traps. Analysis of finished products. How to use the monitoring data. Determination origin infestation. Use of biocides in the environment: insecticides of natural origin and synthetic analogues, organic synthesis, fumigants and gas mixture: Norms for correct use of biocides used in silos and warehouses. Physical method: silos-bag, circulation and ventilation, low and high temperatures, centrifugal force, inert dust, vacuum drying and controlled atmosphere.Murids: species, damage, prevention and monitoring. Identification of the species, application of the means of control and monitoring of results. Examples of application of integrated pest management plans in warehouses, silos and mill. Legislative and considerations on Article 5 of Law 283/1962.
Prerequisites for admission
General Entomology notions.
Teaching methods
The teachers will use lectures and classroom exercises and laboratories activities.
Teaching Resources
Teaching notes and documentation distributed during class.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The exam consists of an oral.There are no ongoing checks. During the year, various exam sessions are proposed during the periods set by the didactic regulation. The dates of the exam sessions are regularly and officially published, in the times and in the manner prescribed by the regulations, on the SIFA web pages.
The interview on the topics in the program will be based on 3-4 questions, aimed at ascertaining the achievement of the teaching objectives.
AGR/11 - GENERAL AND APPLIED ENTOMOLOGY - University credits: 6
Laboratories: 16 hours
Lessons: 40 hours
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DEFENS Department Via Celoria, 2 Milano