Pharmacology and anaesthesiology

A.Y. 2021/2022
Overall hours
BIO/14 MED/41 MED/45
Learning objectives
- Know the principles of pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics and the main drug interactions;
- Know the different classes of drugs, toxicants and substances of abuse, their main mechanisms of action, therapeutic uses, side effects and toxicity;
- Know the principles of drug-supervision;
- Acquire the ability to manage therapeutic programs;
- Know the therapeutic procedures for the management, preparation, drug administration and monitoring of related relevant parameters;
- Acquire the ability to apply the methods of use of therapeutic and diagnostic procedures, according to planned interventions and actions based on standards and scientific evidence;
- Perform the calculations for the dosage, dilution and administration of the active ingredients of drugs and blood products;
- Know the different anesthetic techniques;
- Acquire knowledge to alleviate the situations of suffering with nursing interventions, including pain, in order to improve the quality of life;
- Apply assessment tools for the patient's clinical conditions (eg pain).
Expected learning outcomes
Knowledge and understanding
- general and clinical nursing issues for the understanding of pediatric nursing's fields of intervention, clinical method leading to effective clinical approach intervention techniques and evidence supporting the decision making and the delivery of the pediatric nursing care;
Ability to apply knowledge and understanding
- integrate the knowledge and skills stemming from the nursing discipline, from biomedical, psychological, socio-cultural and humanistic features to recognize the care needs of the newborn, children , adolescents and the family and provide appropriate, effective and evidence-based pediatric nursing care;
- apply the nursing care on the basis of the reference disciplinary theoretical models to assess and diagnose health status and care needs in their physical, psychological and socio-cultural dimensions, plan goals, implement and evaluate the care provided and outcomes achieved;
- conduct a complete and systematic evaluation of data relating to the care needs of the newborn, children , adolescents to facilitate growth, development and adaptation in health promotion, maintenance and recovery;
- provide nursing care in different care settings, both in- and out- of-hospital settings.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

More specific information on the delivery modes of training activities for academic year 2021/22 will be provided over the coming months, based on the evolution of the public health situation.
Prerequisites for admission
In order to obtain enrollment in second year course, the student must have passed at least three exams related to teaching courses, of which: Human anatomy and physiology, Maternal and infant care basics. Passing the annual internship exam is mandatory for enrollment in the following year
Assessment methods and Criteria
Written and oral exam
Course syllabus
- Notions of general pharmacology, drugs discovery and development
- Pharmacokinetics, routes of administration (topic resumed in the third part of the course) and drug formulations
- Drug absorption
- Drug distribution, metabolism, and excretion
- Variability in drug response
- Pharmacodynamics: study of drug-receptor interaction and main molecular targets of drugs
- Anxiolytic and sedative-hypnotic drugs
- Antipsychotic and antidepressant drugs
- Chemiotherapy drugs
- Anti-inflammatory and anti-asthmatic drugs
- Antiallergic drugs and drugs acting on the gastrointestinal tract
- Drugs acting on heart and blood circulation
- Addiction and drug abuse
Teaching methods
frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Anna Maria DI Giulio, Silvano Gabriele Cella. Farmacologia generale e speciale per le lauree sanitarie Piccin-Nuova Libraria 2018
Course syllabus
- History and introduction to anesthesiology
- Monitoring in anesthesia (ventilatory, respiratory, cardiovascular, neuromuscular)
- Path in the operating room (preparationand awakening in the delivery room)
- Inhalation anesthesia (drugs and techniques)
- Intravenous anesthesia (drugs and techniques)
- loco-regional anesthesia (drugs and techniques)
- Anesthesia device
- Airways management
- Correct positioning of the patient on the operating bed
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Antonio Villani, Gianpaolo Serafini Anestesia neonatale e pediatrica - Masson
Nursing sciences: general, clinical and paediatric
Course syllabus
Pediatric nurse's responsibility about administration of the pharmacological therapy
o Professional profile and deontological code
o Therapeutic process: prescription medicine, drug preparation, administration and registration of the drug administration
o Acquire knowledge and skills about drug calculation and dose related to the pediatric age
Administer the therapy safely
o The rule of six "rights"
o Safe organization of nursing
Drug conservation in the ward
Main recommendation about use of the blood components (red blood cell, frozen fresh plasma, platelet, albumin solution)

Theme Area 3 Manage of challenges which may arise at any time during breastfeeding
Describe particularly situations which have impact on breastfeeding and on lactation and support mothers to overcome these difficulties.
Be able to apply their knowledge of the physiology of lactation and infant feeding to support effective management of challenges which may arise at any time during breastfeeding.
Situations when breastfeeding is not recommended. (Proper use of drugs)
Teaching methods
frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
CALCOLI E DOSAGGI FARMACOLOGICI le responsabilità dell'infermiere - G. Vedonne S. Tolomeo - Casa Editrice Ambrosiana
MANUALE DI NURSING PEDIATRICO - P. Badon S. Cesaro - Casa Editrice Ambrosiana
PROCEDURE INFERMIERISTICHE IN PEDIATRIA - P. Badon A. Zampieron - Casa Editrice Ambrosiana
Raccomandazioni SIMTI (Società Italiana di Medicina Trasfusionale e Immunoematologia) per il corretto utilizzo degli emocomponenti e dei plasmaderivati
WHO - 2010, April
Sources And Prices of Selected Medicine For Children
MED/41 - ANAESTHESIOLOGY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 15 hours
Professor: Landi Laura
Nursing sciences: general, clinical and paediatric
MED/45 - NURSING - University credits: 3
Lessons: 45 hours
BIO/14 - PHARMACOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 30 hours
Professor: Pani Arianna