Physics

A.Y. 2021/2022
6
Max ECTS
60
Overall hours
SSD
FIS/01 FIS/02 FIS/03 FIS/04 FIS/05 FIS/06 FIS/07 FIS/08
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The course aims at providing the students with the fundamental of Physics, in order to have a quantitative understanding of biological phenomena and to understand the working principles of laboratory instrumentation.
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the course, the student is expected to know the fundamental principles of classical Physics and to be able to apply them to the solution of simple problems.
Course syllabus and organization

Linea AL

Lesson period
Second semester
More specific information on the delivery modes of training activities for academic year 2021/22 will be provided over the coming months, based on the evolution of the public health situation
Course syllabus
Mechanics: scalar and vectors - translational and rotational kinematics - mass, force and reference frames: Newton's laws - work and energy - potential energy and energy conservation - systems of particles: centre of mass, linear momentum - oscillatory motion and wave propagation - fluid mechanics: hydrostatics and hydrodynamics.
Thermodynamics: temperature and macroscopic variables - kinetic theory of gases - heat, work and internal energy: first principle of thermodynamics - transformations of a perfect gas - second principle of thermodynamics: heat engines, entropy and irreversible processes.
Electromagnetism and Optics: electric charge and Coulomb law - electric field and potential - electric current and Ohm's law - magnetic field and magnetic induction - electromagnetic waves and light - geometrical optics and wave optics.
Prerequisites for admission
Knowledge of basics mathematics (functions, derivatives, integrals and trigonometry) is required.
Teaching methods
Attendance strongly recommended.
Traditional class lectures (36 hours of front lectures and 24 hours of exercises in class)
Teaching Resources
Serway R.A. e Jewett J.W.,
Principi di Fisica,
EdiSES, vol I
Assessment methods and Criteria
The exam consists of a written test.
The written exam proposes 4 exercises and 4 theory questions, with a minimal threshold required to pass. Exam duration: 2 hours
FIS/01 - EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS - University credits: 0
FIS/02 - THEORETICAL PHYSICS, MATHEMATICAL MODELS AND METHODS - University credits: 0
FIS/03 - PHYSICS OF MATTER - University credits: 0
FIS/04 - NUCLEAR AND SUBNUCLEAR PHYSICS - University credits: 0
FIS/05 - ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS - University credits: 0
FIS/06 - PHYSICS OF THE EARTH AND OF THE CIRCUMTERRESTRIAL MEDIUM - University credits: 0
FIS/07 - APPLIED PHYSICS - University credits: 0
FIS/08 - PHYSICS TEACHING AND HISTORY OF PHYSICS - University credits: 0
Practicals: 24 hours
Lessons: 36 hours

Linea MZ

Responsible
Lesson period
Second semester
In case of restrictions imposed by the emergency due to Covid-19 the course will be delivered partially on entirely in virtual connections, using the platform Teams o Zoom.
Course syllabus
Introduction: physical quantities, dimensional analysis, approximations.
Kinematics: motion in one dimension, average and instantaneous velocity, acceleration.
Morion in two and three dimensions. Vectors. Uniform circular motion.
Dynamics: The reference system. The Newton's laws. Apparent forces. Some types of force: gravitational, weight, electrostatic, van der Waals, normal, friction, contact, tension, elastic, centripetal. The mechanical work.
Kinetic and potential energy. Energy conservation. Non-conservative forces.
Armonic oscillator.
Fluids: Stevino's law, Archimedes' principle, sedimentation of molecules, the centrifuge. Fluid dynamics: equilibrium and Bernoulli equation.
Electromagnetism: electric charge and Coulomb law. Electric field and electric potential. Electric dipoles. Electrophoresis. Dielectrics and conductors. Ohm's law. Mass spectrometer.
Magnetic field. Motion o charges in an electromagnetic field. Magnetic field induced by charges in motion.
Electromagnetic waves. Polarization of light, dichroism. Reflection, refraction, absorption, interference, diffraction, X-ray crystallography.
Geometric optics: plane and spherical mirror. Lenses, the human eye, magnification lens and microscope.
Thermodynamics: Isolated and closed systems. The principles of thermodynamics. Temperature's scales. Calorimetry and phase transitions. The ideal gas.
Microstates and macrostates. Boltzmann distribution, entropy and irreversibility, free energy. Thermodynamic means.
Prerequisites for admission
Knowledge of basics mathematics (functions, derivatives, integrals and trigonometry) is required.
Teaching methods
Class lectures (36 hours) and exercises (24 hours).
Attendance strongly recommended.
Teaching Resources
Notes and material that can be downloaded from the Ariel site.
Assessment methods and Criteria
Written exams with exercises and short theoretical questions.
FIS/01 - EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS - University credits: 0
FIS/02 - THEORETICAL PHYSICS, MATHEMATICAL MODELS AND METHODS - University credits: 0
FIS/03 - PHYSICS OF MATTER - University credits: 0
FIS/04 - NUCLEAR AND SUBNUCLEAR PHYSICS - University credits: 0
FIS/05 - ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS - University credits: 0
FIS/06 - PHYSICS OF THE EARTH AND OF THE CIRCUMTERRESTRIAL MEDIUM - University credits: 0
FIS/07 - APPLIED PHYSICS - University credits: 0
FIS/08 - PHYSICS TEACHING AND HISTORY OF PHYSICS - University credits: 0
Practicals: 24 hours
Lessons: 36 hours
Professor(s)
Reception:
upon appointment
Dipartimento di Fisica - Sezione di Fisica Teorica - Studio DC/1/28