Phytopharmacy

A.Y. 2021/2022
8
Max ECTS
64
Overall hours
SSD
BIO/14
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The two modules of course have specific and well-defined objectives.
The module of Therapeutic Activity of Plants will provide the student the knowledge of some important botanical drugs, of their active components, of galenic preparations and therapeutic application. The module also provides the student the bases to understand the quality and safety of herbal drugs, through the analysis of adverse reactions and of possible interactions derived from a concomitant use of herbal and conventional drugs. The final goal is to provide the basis for a proper and safe use of medicinal plants and their derivatives.
The module of Non-Conventional Medicines provides the student the bases to understand the theories of the most common complementary and alternative medicines that can be found in Italy, with a specific focus on placebo effect and on its involvement in therapy. A critical analysis of results will be obtained through the evaluation of scientific papers published on international journals. Some explanatory lessons will be held by experts in some of the therapeutic strategies included in the program.
Expected learning outcomes
Module of Therapeutic Activity of Plants: knowledge of some important botanical drugs, of their active components, of galenic preparations and therapeutic application. Knowledge of the procedures for evaluating the quality and safety of herbal drugs. Ability to critically analyze the information available through mass media about the use of medicinal plants and their derivatives.
Module of Non-Conventional Medicines: knowledge on the neurobiological mechanisms at the basis of placebo and nocebo effects and on their role in any pharmacological therapy. Knowledge of the principles at the basis of the most common complementary and alternative medicines (e.g., homeopathy, acupuncture, ozone therapy ). Ability to critically evaluate data included in scientific papers to understand the scientific bases (if any) of non-conventional approaches to cure.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Responsible
Lesson period
year
More specific information on the delivery modes of training activities for academic year 2021-2022 will be provided over the coming months, based on the evolution of the public health situation.
Prerequisites for admission
Subjects taught in the PHARMACOLOGY AND PHARMACOTHERAPY preparatory course are mandatory
Assessment methods and Criteria
Module of Therapeutic Activity of Plants: the final examination is a written 1-hour test consisting of 10 multiple choice questions (evaluation score: correct answer +1.5; wrong or missing answer: 0) and 1 open question (for a maximum mark of 15). For attending students, the final examination is an oral presentation with ppt slides of a scientific paper proposed by the professor (on-going test for a maximum mark of 15) and a written 30 minutes test consisting of 10 multiple choice questions (evaluation score: correct answer +1.5; wrong or missing answer: 0).

Module of Non-Conventional Medicines: the final examination is a written 1-hour test consisting of 7 multiple choice questions (evaluation score: correct answer +2; wrong or missing answer: 0) and 1 open question (for a maximum mark of 16).

The final mark will consist of the arithmetic mean of the partial marks for the two modules. The two tests can be undertaken separately but the whole examination must be concluded within 1 solar year from the positive evaluation of the first module, which otherwise will expire.
THERAPEUTIC ACTIVITY OF PLANTS
Course syllabus
· Introduction. General concepts and legislative aspects.
· Therapeutic indications and galenic preparations
· Quality and efficacy of medicinal plants
· Security of medicinal plants
· Pharmacological interactions

Therapeutic use and applications of medicinal plants for:
· SNC: anxiety, insomnia
· SNC: depression and Alzheimer's disease
· Reproductive apparatus - Menopause
· Cardiovascular diseases
· Digestive and gastrointestinal disorders
· Respiratory diseases
· Inflammatory diseases - migraine and tension type headache
· Metabolic disorders
· Immune system: immunostimolatory agents
· Cancer prevention
Teaching methods
Classroom-taught lessons
Teaching Resources
- Slides from lessons will be available through the Ariel website
- Fitoterapia. Impiego razionale delle droghe vegetali. F Capasso, G Grandolini, AA Izzo. Springer (latest edition)
COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINES
Course syllabus
· Introduction
· Thermalism
· Placebo effect and clinical studies
· Ozonetherapy
· Homeopathy
· Traditional Chinese Medicine (and ayurvedic medicine)
· Acupuncture
· Traditional Chinese Phytotherapy
· Aromatherapy
· The microbiome as a non-conventional therapeutic target

Clinicians experts in homeopathy and Traditional Chinese Medicine will share their everyday experience with the use of complementary and alternative medicines
Teaching methods
Classroom-taught lessons
Teaching Resources
Slides from lessons will be available through the ARIEL website
COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINES
BIO/14 - PHARMACOLOGY - University credits: 4
Lessons: 32 hours
THERAPEUTIC ACTIVITY OF PLANTS
BIO/14 - PHARMACOLOGY - University credits: 4
Lessons: 32 hours
Professor: Fumagalli Marta
Educational website(s)