Placement III

A.Y. 2021/2022
Overall hours
Learning objectives
The 3rd internship activities take into account the time that the student will have to devote to the preparatory work for the thesis preparation. At the end of the internship the student must have attended in rotation all the services present in the different places of internship or outpatients of:
-Refraction of adult and orthotic child adults and children
-Visual rehabilitation
-outpatient clinics dedicated to different pathologies (congenital diseases, endocrinology, pediatric ophthalmology, corneal surface, retina, glaucoma).
-Operating room
Expected learning outcomes
During the third year of placement, the student must attend all the
Orthoptic and Ophthalmology departments and clinics:
- Adult and pediatric refraction
- Adult and pediatric orthoptic clinic
- Neurophthalmology
- Visual fields (Perimetry)
- Fluorangiography
- Low vision clinic
- Visual Rehabilitation clinic
- Clinics dedicated to different disorders (Congenital disease,
Endocrinology, Pediatric ophthalmology, Glaucoma)
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

More specific information on the delivery modes of training activities for academic year 2021/22 will be provided over the coming months, based on the evolution of the public health situation.
Course syllabus
At the end of clinical internship period the student must be able to work independently
The student must have all the teorethical knowledge acquired during the courses of
Strabismus and Orthoptic treatment
General and specialized surgery and in particular Ocular surgery
Neurophthalmological Science
At the end of the course the student must have attended all service and clinics in different location:
perimetry and microperimetry
Low vision
Ocular rehablitation
Clinical practices dedicated to different pathologies (congenital pathology,Endocrinology, occupational medicine,pediatric Opthalmology,ocular surface disease,Glaucoma,retinal disease)
Operation room
Prerequisites for admission
The student must be passed the clinical internship exam II and have the knowledge acquired with clinical internship II
Teaching methods
Theoretical knowledge becomes pactical skills thanks to traineeship
Are planned: drills seminars, clinical simulations,team work, setting up of written assigments, problem based learning.
Teaching Resources
The preparation is based on the slides and scientific articles provided by the teacher an available on the Ariel website and on the raccomended books
Paolo Nucci: "Lo strabismo: Clinica e Terapia. Manuale per Oftalmologi ed Ortottisti" Ed. Fabiano oppure
P.Nucci,Serafino: "Oftalmologia Pediatrica e Strabismo" Ed Fabiano
For those who want to deepen, please note:
GP Paliaga: "I vizi di refrazione"
"L'ambliopia" Ed. Minerva Medica"
"L'esame del visus"
Gunter K. von Noorden, Emilio C. Campos: "Binocular Vision and Ocular Motility" Theory and Management of Strabismus
David K Cooats, Scott E Olitsky "Strabismus surgery and its complication"
Nicola Orzalesi Oftalmologia. Per studenti del corso di laurea in medicina e chirurgia e del corso di laurea per ortottisti e assistenti di oftalmologia
Assessment methods and Criteria
Extensive clinical training will be performed from October to September.
Through "knowledge","know-how" and "knowing-how to be" will be assesed the learnig outcomes.The final judgement will be expressed in thirtieth based on the average of three evaluation sheet
Practicals - Exercises: 250 hours
by e-mail appointment
Ospedale Sacco. Pad 51 Direzione Oculistica