Portuguese literature

A.Y. 2021/2022
Overall hours
Learning objectives
This course aims to provide students with a general understanding of historical and literary evolution of portuguese and brazilian culture. An introduction to formation («formação») of national literatures of Portugal and Brazil is offered, with a specific attention to complex colonial and political history. For Portugal, we analyze the development of Literature from medieval origins to contemporary era, for Brazil we analyze the evolution of literature from colonial formation in XVI century until the culture of our days. Particular attention is given to the history of ideas (colonialism, imperialism, cultural hiper-identity, semi-periphery) and concepts.
Expected learning outcomes
Knowledge and understanding: outline of national and imperial Portuguese history; formation of colony-Brazil and development of Brazilian Literature as national literature (colonial canon, imperial canon, republican canon), main authors and literary movements from the Middle Ages to the contemporary era; fundamental elements of history of ideas and conceptual history that help analyze the societies and cultures of two countries.
Applying knowledge and understanding: ability to read and contextualize some paradigmatic works of portuguese and brazilian thought and literature; ability to read three significant works from selected period; understanding of historic, cultural, and social implications of literary texts; ability to place authors, movements and works in their context; ability to analyze literary texts through the application of ideas and concepts borrowed from literary criticism, post-colonial theory and cultural studies.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
First semester
More specific information on the delivery modes of training activities for academic year 2021/22 will be provided over the coming months, based on the evolution of the public health situation.
Course syllabus
The title of course is:
A: Contexts of Portuguese history and literary history.
B: Contexts of Brazilian history and literary history.
C: Ideas and concepts: rethinking portuguese and brazilian literatures.

Section A will focus on Portuguese history and literary history from the second half of the 19th century to the present day. The Portuguese nation reconstructed from a literary point of view - where Eça de Queirós and Fernando Pessoa emerge in all their disruptive novelty - will be read in the European and international context and, above all, in its Imperial dimension. From the so-called "third Portuguese empire", whith the dominant idea of modernizing the national culture, Portuguese history is that of the most long-lasting and anachronistic European colonial empire, that rises - or re-emerges - in Africa towards the end of the 19th century, and lasts for large part of the twentieth century, up to the final collapse, with the Revolution of 1974 and the subsequent decolonization. In configuring, between Realism and the late twentieth century, a dialectic between metropolis and colonies, Portuguese culture experiences alternating phases of modernization and semi-peripheral delay, in a climate of agony and rebirth, until it reaches its peculiar horizon, in a late twentieth century of strong Europeanization. Between melancholy and obsession with identity, Portuguese literature from the end of the century - of that last end of the century and millennium - questions the past and the present. In this context, strong and recognizable voices stand out such as that of the writers José Saramago and António Lobo Antunes.
Section B will deal with 20th century Brazilian literature, from a historical, cultural and critical point of view, going through the authoritarian phases (Estado Novo; ditadura militar) to the present days. The course will address the evolution of the interpretation of Brazilian identity with Gilberto Freyre and Sérgio Buarque de Hollanda. Some of the key experiences of Brazilian contemporary literature will be studied: poetical heirs of Modernism and, later, concretist poetry; the great novel of the first and second twentieth century - with Graciliano Ramos; Lígia Fagundes Telles; João Guimarães Rosa; Clarice Lispector; Jorge Amado; Hilda Hilst -, to then address some turning points of the close contemporaneity: the literatura marginal and the literatura feminina de autoria negra, with their "precursor", Carolina Maria de Jesus, and the post-dictatorship novel, with Bernardo Kucinski.

The course provides 9 credits. It is not possible to acquire only 6.

In section A

The course program is valid until September 2023. From the summer session 2022 it will be possible to present exclusively the A.A. 2021-22 program.
Prerequisites for admission
The course is mainly held in Italian. the literary texts are in Portuguese, but always accompanied by an italian translation. There is no prerequisite.
Teaching methods
The course adopts the following teaching methods: lectures, practical activities, presentations.
Teaching Resources
The course has a site on the online platform Ariel (https:// https://vrussolp123.ariel.ctu.unimi.it/), to which reference is made for lecture notes and other materials provided by the teacher. For each teaching unit, specific critical essays on individual works or on general questions will be made available on the site. The following are the mandatory reading materials for the various teaching units.

Examination program for attending students:
Section A:
1) Roberto Vecchi-Vincenzo Russo (a cura di), La Letteratura Portoghese. I testi e le idee, Le Monnier, Firenze, 2017.
2) Fernando Pessoa, Teoria dell'eteronimia, a cura di Vincenzo Russo, Quodlibet, Macerata, 2020.
3) Valeria Tocco, Breve storia della letteratura portoghese, Carocci, Roma, 2011.

Section B
4) Luciana Stegagno-Picchio, Storia della letteratura brasiliana, Torino, Einaudi, 1997 o edizioni successive.
4) Boris Fausto, Storia del Brasile, Fabula, Cagliari, 2011 [selected chapters]
6) selection of critical and literary texts made avalaible by the teachers.
Assessment methods and Criteria
International or Erasmus incoming students are invited to contact the teacher promptly. The examination procedures for students with disabilities and/or with DSA must be established with the teacher, in agreement with the competent Office.
Unita' didattica A
Lessons: 20 hours
Unita' didattica B
Lessons: 20 hours
Unita' didattica C
Lessons: 20 hours
3-5 p.m. (every Tuesday)
Teams/ Department (Iberistica)