Scienze biomediche e della prevenzione sanitaria

A.Y. 2021/2022
7
Max ECTS
80
Overall hours
SSD
FIS/07 MED/01 MED/36 MED/42
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
Undefined
Expected learning outcomes
Undefined
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Responsible
More specific information on the delivery modes of training activities for academic year 2021/22 will be provided over the coming months, based on the evolution of the public health situation.
Prerequisites for admission
The course has no specific prerequisites other than those required for the admission to the degree course
Assessment methods and Criteria
Assessment of student learning will be based on written exams that consist of sections of multiple choice questions and / or exercises referring to the modules of the course and optimized for the module content and type. Each answer has a score and the test is considered passed with a score ≥ 18 in each of the sections. The final mark will be expressed in 30th, given by the average of the sections scores weighted by the CFU (university credits) of the modules. Partial exams might be planned. The results of the tests will be published on the educational website (Ariel).
Fisica applicata
Course syllabus
Use of units of measure, conversion among them, dimensional analysis.
- Concepts of position, velocity, and acceleration; equations of motion for uniform and accelerated motion, and their cartesian representation.
- Concepts of mass and force and their relation in Newton's equations. Example of forces: Hooke's force, friction, gravitational, normal forces.
- Concepts of work, kinetic energy, and potential energy; conservative and dissipative forces; theorem of energy conservation.
- Energy in a many-body system; conversion of energy; concept of power.
- Characteristics of fluids, numerical density and mass density; concept of pressure.
- Static of fluids: Pascal's principle, Stevino's law, communicating vessels. The examples of the hydraulic press and Torricelli's pipe. Archimede's principle.
- Dynamics of fluids: density and velocity of a fluid in motion, continuity equation, mass flow rate. Bernoulli's equation.
- Temperature, thermometers, and scales of temperature.
- Gas theory: Boyle-Mariotte law, ideal gas law. Energy and work for gas expansion.
- First principle of thermodynamics, and concepts of heat and specific heat.
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons, and exercises at the blackboard with maximum involvement of students.
Teaching Resources
Slides
Statistica medica
Course syllabus
Basic principles of data collection and management:
- Description of the main epidemiological and clinical study designs
- Examples of data collection and management.
- Types of variables and of measurement scales
Descriptive statistics:
- Construction and reading of frequency tables
- Construction and reading of the most commonly used graphs in medical statistics.
- Calculation and interpretation of measures of central tendency and measures of dispersion (mean, median, centile, range, standard deviation)
- Calculation and interpretation of measures of association between qualitative variables (relative risk, risk difference and odds ratio) and between quantitative variables (correlation and regression)
Probability and uncertainty:
- Introduction to probability calculation
- Confidence intervals
Teaching methods
Lectures and guided exercises in the classroom
Teaching Resources
PowerPoint slides provided by the teacher made available on Ariel platform
To deepen:
Lantieri PB, Risso D, Ravera G (2007) Elementi di statistica medica. McGraw Hill
Fowler J, Jarvis P, Chevannes M (2006) Statistica per le professioni sanitarie. EdiSes
Radioprotezione
Course syllabus
Course syllabus
- Physical bases, principles of radiobiology
- Radioprotection of Operators
- Radiodiagnostics: indications and contraindications to diagnostic and interventional procedures; radiation protection of patients
- Nuclear Medicine: indications and contraindications to diagnostic and therapeutic procedures; radiation protection of patients
- Radiotherapy: indications and contraindications to therapeutic procedures; radiation protection of patients.
Teaching methods
Lectures through the use of slide presentations (eg power point), made available to the student on the Ariel platform
Teaching Resources
Slides provided by the teacher (available on Ariel platform).
Igiene generale e applicata
Course syllabus
INTRODUCTION TO HYGIENE
- Purpose and areas of interest of Hygiene
- Health and illness. Evolution of the concept of health
- Hygiene: Epidemiology, prevention and Public Health
FROM HEALTH TO THE DISEASE
- Determinants of health
- Disease causes and risk factors
- Natural history of communicable or non-communicable diseases
- Mode of appearance of diseases in the population
KNOW THE STATE OF HEALTH
- Sources of demographic and health data
- Measure the frequency of an event (proportions, rates, incidence and prevalence)
- Other health indicators and sentinel events
EPIDEMIOLOGICAL METHODOLOGY
DESCRIPTIVE EPIDEMIOLOGY
- Population studies
- Distribution analysis in relation to space, time and personal variables
ANALYTICAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
- Investigate the cause-effect relationship
- Analytical studies: cross-sectional (prevalence) studies, longitudinal studies (cohort and case-control studies)
- Risk assessment
EXPERIMENTAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
- Preventive and therapeutic trials
PREVENTION METHODOLOGY
- Prevention of the disease and health promotion: definitions and objectives
- Primary, secondary and tertiary prevention
- PREVENTION OF INFECTIOUS (COMMUNICABLE) DISEASES
- Main primary and secondary prevention measures (notification, isolation, diagnosis, disinfection and sterilization)
- Immunoprophylaxis: types of vaccines and vaccination schedule.
- PREVENTION OF THE MAIN CHRONIC-DEGENERATIVE (NON-COMMUNICABLE) DISEASES
- Basics of primary and secondary prevention with particular attention to the screening

EPIDEMIOLOGY AND PREVENTION OF SOME COMMUNICABLE DISEASES
- Some infectious diseases preventable with vaccines (influenza, measles, etc.)
-Emerging infections
Teaching methods
Lectures through the use of slide presentations (eg powerpoint), made available to the student on the Ariel platform
Teaching Resources
Slides provided by the teacher (available on Ariel platform).
To deepen:
Barbuti S, Fara GM, Giammanco G, Carducci A, Coniglio MA, D'Alessandro D, Montagna MT, Tanzi ML, Zotti CM. Igiene per le lauree triennali. Terza Edizione. Monduzzi Editore 2011
Barbuti S., Fara GM, Giammanco G, AAVV. Igiene - Medicina Preventiva - Sanità Pubblica. Editore Edises 2014
Fisica applicata
FIS/07 - APPLIED PHYSICS - University credits: 2
Lessons: 20 hours
Professor: Guerra Roberto
Igiene generale e applicata
MED/42 - HYGIENE AND PUBLIC HEALTH - University credits: 2
Lessons: 20 hours
Radioprotezione
MED/36 - IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 20 hours
Professor: Minorati Davide
Statistica medica
MED/01 - MEDICAL STATISTICS - University credits: 2
Lessons: 20 hours
Professor: Casazza Giovanni