Toxicology and Legislation

A.Y. 2021/2022
Overall hours
VET/07 VET/08
Learning objectives
The course will provide knowledge on the toxicology of domestic animals through a description of general toxicology and the different classes of xenobiotics responsible for toxicity in different animal species. Moreover, the student will learn the main national and European legislation governing livestock production, food safety and environmental protection, the anti-cruelty and companion animals protection laws, as well as notions on the legal order and fundamentals of law. The objective of the course is to enable the students to acquire knowledge and awareness about the responsibilities of the operators in the fields of interest.
Expected learning outcomes
The student will be able to assess the toxicity of xenobiotics based on their toxicokinetic characteristics and mechanisms of action, recognizing the difference between acute, sub chronic and chronic toxicity, the implications for animal health and will also have to demonstrate the knoledge of particular toxicities. These notions will then be applied to the study of toxic substances to which domestic and farm animals are more frequentlyexposed . In terms of legislation, in addition, after completing the course, the student should know the fundamentals of law and the main national and international regulations that are of interest to a graduate in ABA. Moreover, the student should be able to know how to research, read and apply such regulations; the student is encouraged to research and read about the relevant elements of the case-law relating to the fields of interest, to become familiar with the interpretation of existing rules and the solution of practical cases of litigation arising from the application of the rules or from the disapplication of any provision.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
Second semester
More specific information on the delivery modes of training activities for a.y. 2021-22 will be provided over the coming months, based on the evolution of the public health situation
Prerequisites for admission
No particular prerequisites are required.
Assessment methods and Criteria
Written exam in a single session.
Toxicology of domestic animals
Course syllabus
Introduction to toxicology
Classification of toxic compounds
Factors affecting Toxicity
Toxicokinetic: absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion
Toxicodynamic Mechanisms of toxicity
Toxicity study, Acute, subacute and chronic Toxicity
Mutagenesis, carcinogenesis, teratogenesis, reproductive effects
Toxic effects

Chorinated organic substances other than pesticides: Dioxins, dibenzofurans and PCBs. Mode of action, Symptoms, Lesions, Possible antidotic therapies. Risk for public health
Insecticides: Mode of action, Symptoms, Lesions, Possible antidotic therapies. Risk for public health
Rodenticides, molluscicides, herbicides: Mode of action, Symptoms, Lesions, Possible antidotic therapies. Risk for public health
Metals and other elements: Mode of action, Symptoms, Lesions, Possible antidotic therapies. Risk for public health
Toxic plants: Mode of action, Symptoms, Lesions, Possible antidotic therapies
Mycotoxins: Mode of action, Symptoms, Lesions, Possible antidotic therapies
Risk assessment in toxicology
Teaching methods
Teaching Resources
Slides on Ariel
G.D. OSWEILER: Toxicology . Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 1996
C. NEBBIA Residui di farmaci e Contaminanti Ambientali nelle Produzioni animali, Edises 2009
GUPTA R.C. Veterinary toxicology 2nd Ed- edited by Elsevier Academic press, 2012.
Zootechnical and environmental legislation
Course syllabus
General information on the course and introduction to the course: Introduction to the law and to law instruments of interest to the Doctor of Animal Husbandry and Welfare degree
The sources of law; the rule of law and the legal system. Understanding Interpretation of law
Introduction to the law and the functioning of the European system. Sources of Community law
The concept of contractual and tort liability; the damage caused by animals
The buying and selling of animals. The enforcement actions; vices of the will and the object; issues related to the sale of animals
The judiciary: the judiciary and the civil penalty. Assistants and auxiliary of the court
The role of the expert in the judicial proceedings. The preparation of the expert opinion. The management of extrajudicial litigation
The legal status of animals. The legal categories of membership
Introduction to the concepts of protection and animal welfare. Ethical basis
Crimes against feelings for animals and other criminal laws for the protection of animals
The animal welfare: EU sources for animal welfare and national legislation for farm animals
Animal welfare at slaughter
The transport of animals
The legislation on food safety and liability of the operators
The regulation of animal reproduction. Notions on the framework of pharmaceutical legislation
Environmental protection and the regulation of pollution from livestock farming
Case studies and jurisprudential debate
Teaching methods
Teaching Resources
Slides on Ariel
F. PEZZA, G.C. RUFFO, P. FOSSATI, Diritto e Legislazione Veterinaria, Ed. Point Veterinaire Italie, 2008
P. FOSSATI, Il Diritto degli animali familiari, Ed. C.G. Edizioni Medico Scientifiche 2008
Toxicology of domestic animals
Lessons: 48 hours
Zootechnical and environmental legislation
VET/08 - VETERINARY CLINICAL MEDICINE - University credits: 3
Lessons: 24 hours
Professor: Fossati Paola