Wildlife management

A.Y. 2021/2022
Overall hours
Learning objectives
The course provides a basic knowledge of biological, ethological and morphological characteristics of wild ungulates and of the main tools for wildlife management (e.g. census methods, captures and translocations, culling plans, etc.).
Expected learning outcomes
After this course, the students will have a basic knowledge of wildlife management of different wild species in protected areas, as well as in areas subjected to hunting management and in extensive or intensive farming conditions.
In addition the students will be able to plan and achieve wildlife management interventions in mountain areas; to evaluate the impact of animal husbandry activities on wildlife in mountain areas.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
Second semester
Depending on the trend of the COVID situation, all or part of the lectures will be held online using the Microsoft Teams platform.
As far as possible, field trips will be carried out in person. Otherwise, practical exercises for recognizing sex and age classes from photos of animals, as well as practical exercises for age assignment from photos of jaws, will be carried out; videos on the application of various census techniques will be presented and discussed.
Course syllabus
· Laws regulating wildlife management (1 h)
· The domestication process (2 h)
· Principles of extensive management (1 h)
· Biology and behaviour of alpine ungulate species (5 h)
· Identification of sex and age classes of wild ungulate species (4 h)
· Census methods (2 h)
· Captures (2 h)
· Translocations (0.5 h)
· Setting culling plans (0.5 h)
· Interactions between wild and domestic fauna (4 h)
· Fauna and primary productions (2 h)

· Field trips (10 h)
· Projection and discussion of videos (4 h)
· Practical age estimation on trophies and jaws (2 h).
Prerequisites for admission
Passing the exam of Animal Biology (first year).
There is a limited number of available placements. It is compulsory to subscribe by sending an email to the Edolo Didactic Secretariat (corso.edolo@unimi.it).
Attendance is compulsory (at least 75% of the lessons).
Lessons will be held at the Università della Montagna (Edolo, BS).
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons, supplemented by exercises for the recognition of sex and age classes from photos and videos, and for age estimation of culled animals through the analysis of trophies and mandibles. The course ends with a didactic field trip, aimed at putting into practice the recognition of the various species, sex and age classes of wild ungulates and the implementation of census methods and of identification of signs pf presence.
Teaching Resources
Banca Dati Ungulati (ISPRA)
Monitoraggio di Uccelli e Mammiferi in Lombardia
Linee guida per la gestione degli ungulati (ISPRA)
Linee guida per la gestione del cinghiale
Guida al rilevamento biometrico degli ungulati
Piano Faunistico-Venatorio della Prov. di Sondrio
Piano di miglioramento ambientale Prov. di Sondrio
Rapporto Orso della Prov. di Trento
ISPRA: http://www.isprambiente.gov.it/it/pubblicazioni

Mustoni A., Pedrotti L., Zanon E., Tosi G. (2002) Ungulati delle Alpi. Nitida Immagine Editrice, Trento
Mattiello S., Mazzarone V. (2010) Il cervo in Italia, biologia e gestione tra Alpi e Appennini. Ed. Geographica s.r.l., Teggiano (SA) (http://www.geographicasrl.it).
Massei G., Genov P. (2000). Il cinghiale. Calderini, Edizioni Edagricole, Bologna
Assessment methods and Criteria
The exam consists of an oral interview aimed at ascertaining the acquisition, the correct understanding and the ability to re-elaborate the course contents. The educational material available on the Ariel platform allows the formulation of questions aimed at verifying the knowledge of the subject, the expository capacity, the capacity for critical analysis of the contents. The outcome will be expressed in thirtieths and the final grade will take into account the accuracy and quality of the answers, as well as the communication skills and the ability to adequately motivate statements, analyses and judgments during the interview.
AGR/19 - ANIMAL SCIENCE - University credits: 4
Practicals: 16 hours
Lessons: 24 hours
Professor: Mattiello Silvana
Educational website(s)