Infectious Diseases

A.Y. 2022/2023
Overall hours
Learning objectives
Expected learning outcomes
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Course syllabus
Exanthematical infections- Epidemiology- Etiology- Pathogenesis and clinical (typical course and complications)- Therapeutic possibilities- Active and passive prophylaxisthe following rash diseases: measles, rubella, infectious megaloerythema, critical rash, scarlet fever, chickenpox and other vesicular rashesRespiratory tract infections- Infectious respiratory syndromes:- Diphtheria- Pharyngitis / tonsillitis- Epiglottis/laryngitis/tracheitis- Acute bronchitis and relapse of chronic bronchitis- Bronchiolitis- Viral pneumonia- Bacterial pneumonia- Influenza- Pulmonary tuberculosis (and extrapulmonary forms)- PertussisLiver and biliary tract infections- Epidemiology, etiology and pathogenesis of viral hepatitis- Diagnosis of acute and chronic viral hepatitis- Treatment of viral hepatitis- Yellow fever- Leptospirosis- Hydatidosis- Biliary tract infectionsInfections of the digestive system: infectious diarrhoea- Aetiological and pathophysiological classification- Food poisoning (staphylococcal, botulism, C. perfrigens, V. parahaemoliticus, B. cereus)- Viral Gastroenteritis (Norwalk, Rotavirus, other viruses involved)- Bacterial gastroenteritis (Cholera, E.coli, minor salmonellosis, Shigella, Campylobacter, C. difficile)- Protozoan diarrhea (gardening, amoebiasis, cryptosporidiosis)- Helminth diarrhea (tapeworm, oxyuriasis, ascaridiases)Tropical Diseases- Epidemiology of tropical diseases: what are the 6 deadly killers?- Malaria- Epidemiology- Life cycle- Pathogenesis- Typical and atypical presentation- Complications and prognosis- Diagnosis- Differential diagnosis between plasmids- Principles of therapy and prophylaxis- Schistosomiasis- Epidemiology- Life cycle- Clinical: acute form, chronic forms- Diagnosis- Therapy- Control measuresInfections transmitted by arthropods- Dengue- West-Nile fever- Zika virus- Chikungunya- Viral haemorrhagic fevers- Rickettsiosis rash and ehrlichiosisSystemic infections- Infectious mononucleosis and CMV infection- Brucellosis- Cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis- Lyme Diseases- Toxoplasmosis- Atypical mycobacteriosisSepsis and septic shock- Etiology and epidemiology- Pathophysiology and pathogenesis- Clinical overview- Microbiological diagnosis- The antibiotic and supportive therapeutic approachHIV infection- History- Epidemiology- Vital click of HIV- Natural history of infection- Immunopathogenesis- Main opportunistic manifestations, divided by apparatus- Diagnosis of acute and chronic infectionImmunocompromised host infections- Infections in the solid organ transplant patient- Infections in the bone marrow transplant patient- Infections in the patient with neoplasia- Splenectomized patient infections- Infections in the diabetic patient- Infections in the alcoholic patient- Infections in the injecting drug patientInfections of the soft tissue and musculoskeletal system- Cellulitis and soft tissue infections, in particular:- Erisipela- Gaseous gangrene- Necrotizing fasciitis- Primitive septic arthritis and on synthetic media- Primitive and Synthetic Osteomyelitis- SponsoredilodiscitiInfections of the cardiovascular system- Infectious endocarditis- Etiology- Clinical manifestations and complications- Diagnosis (Dukes criteria)- Principles of therapy and prophylaxis- Myocarditis and infectious pericarditis- Clinical manifestations and complications- Principles of diagnosisUrinary tract infections and sexually transmitted diseases- Cystitis- Pyelonephritis- Syphilis- Gonorrhoea- Chlamydia and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)- Trichomonas- Gardnerella- Lymphogranuloma venereumNervous system infections- Meningiti- Etiology- Pathogenesis- Clinical events- Diagnosis (clinical and laboratory, with particular emphasis on CSF analysis)- Principles of therapy- Encephalitis and encephalomyelitis- General pathogenesis- Clinical events- Diagnostic evaluation- Main aetiological agents and their clinical features- HSV and VZV- CMV- Enterovirus- anger- Bacterial toxin-mediated neurasthysts- Cerebral abscess and subdural empyema
Prerequisites for admission
No prerequisites are required
Teaching methods
Formal teaching
Teaching Resources
Manuale di Malattie Infettive, Moroni, Antinori, Mastroianni, Vullo, III Edizione. "Malattie Infettive" di Moroni, Esposito, Antinori , VIII Edizione; Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases" Mandell, Douglas and Bennett's, IX Edizione
Assessment methods and Criteria
Oral exam
MED/17 - INFECTIOUS DISEASES - University credits: 5
Lessons: 40 hours
: 20 hours