The aim of the course is supply the students with the fundamental knowledge of chemical language. The relationship between structure and matter, its macroscopic properties and reactivity will be discussed.
Expected learning outcomes
Understanding of formulas of chemical compounds; knowledge of principal chemical-physical properties; knowledge of acid-basic and redox behavior; performance of simple stechiometric calculation; fundamental operations for the manipulation of inorganic compounds.
Main Theme n.1: elements, compounds, mixture. States of matter: solid, liquid and gas. Phase transitions. The mol. The atomic structure. The electronic configuration and the periodic table of elements. Main Theme n.2: molecules and ions. The chemical bonds. Hybrid orbitals. Simple, multiple and delocalized bonds. Electronegativity. Bonds and polarity of molecules. Main Theme n.3: chemical equations and reactions. Mechanism's reactions: short account of kinetic and thermodynamic. The solutions. The concentration of solutions. Colloids. The stoichiometry. The chemical equilibrium. Acids, bases and salts: short account of nomenclature, definition and proprieties. Main Theme n.4 :amphoteric substance. Hydrolisis. Electrolites. Conductivity. Acids and bases definitions and proprieties, pH, indicators and buffer solutions. Main Theme n.5 : The redox reactions. Oxidation number. The balance of redox reactions. The electrochemical reactions, different types of piles. Main Theme n.6: practical experiments about solubility, concentration, solution's preparation. pH measure and volumetric analysis, methods of separation and analysis.
Slides of the course. Suggested books:Petrucci et al., "Chimica generale" Ed. PiccinKOTZ et al. "Chimica" online version.