Main objective is to give a wide scenario on the most important processes of the worldwide industrial chemistry. The course consists of two modules covering both inorganic and organic industrial chemistry. There is also a small part of the economy to introduce students to the key concepts related to the cost of a product and the costs of managing a chemical plant, concepts that will be deepened in the Master's Degree.
Basic processes of organic and inorganic industrial chemistry. Economics and management of a plant.
LECTURES PROF. BIANCHI
Definition of chemical process and reading of a flow sheet (examples of real flowsheets).
Notes on unitary operations (then resumed in Plant Courses)
Synthesis industrial ammonia synthesis
Synthesis of nitric acid
Synthesis of sulfuric acid
Industrial synthesis of sodium carbonate via ammonia
Phosphorous industrial chemistry and orthophosphoric acid synthesis
Soda / chlorine production plant: mercury and diaphragm cells. Comparison between chemical and electrochemical synthesis.
Aluminum Production: Comparison of Bayer Process and Hall-Héroult Process
Technologies for air emission control
The ceramic industry: raw materials and ovens management
LECTURES PROF. ALBANESE
Energy source and raw materials: coal, natural gas, alternative energy sources. Worldwide geopolitical analysis of energy source distribution.
Introduction to organic industrial chemistry: main features of the synthesis of organic compounds on scale.
Classification of organic compounds which represents bulk products of industrial chemistry. Analysis of the "top ten" organic products.
Definition of primary, secondary and tertiary building blocks.
Oil refinery: topping and vacuum distillation. Introductory description of thermal, catalytic cracking and stream cracking. Description of the production lines of organic compounds from primary building block. Analysis of products and main reaction classes.
C1 building blocks: syngas and methanol
C2-C4 building blocks: ethylene, propylene, butenes and butadiene. Olefin hydroformylation. Fischer-Tropsch process.
Examples of the industrial synthesis of organic compounds: synthesis of maleic anhydride, phthalic acids, vinyl chloride.
- E. Stocchi, Chimica Industriale Inorganica, Vol. 1, Edisco ed.
- H. I. Arpe, Industrial Organic Chemistry, 5a Ed. VHC, Weinheim, 2010
- the slides of all lectures are available on Ariel platformhttp://dalbaneseci.ariel.ctu.unimi.it/v3/home/Default.aspx
A written exam will ascertain the knowledge of the course topics described during lessons in class given by prof. Bianchi.
The student knowledge and understanding of the subjects presented in class by prof. Albanese will be evaluated through an oral examination aiming to assess the capability to have a global picture of the program and to use the proper terminology.
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Mode of teaching