The course will provide theoretical and practical knowledge in the promotion and conduct of physical exercise in adults and the elderly in good and in ill health.
Expected learning outcomes
Students will acquire knowledge and work methodologies specific for the organization and management of physical activity for improving health in adults and the elderly. Topics include diverse forms of exercise, volume and intensity appropriate for age and good or ill health, as well as exercise for specific disorders.
- Muscle contraction Physiology: acute differences between concentric, eccentric and isometric contraction. - Short-term eccentric exercise effects: exercise-induced muscle damage and repeated bout effect. - Long-term eccentric vs concentric training-induced adaptations. - Neuromuscular and structural factors affecting the maximum force exertion. - Strength training-induced adaptations. - Measuring and calculating the maximum force exertion. - Rate of force development and fatigue. - Biomechanical and anatomical analysis of the main strength exercises. - Physical activity, health, and longevity. - Age and trainability. - Theoretical and practical aspects of the physical activity for sedentary adults and elderly: suggestions and contraindications. - Outdoor activities: physical activity for different age-ranges. Suggestions and contraindications. - Indoor activities: physical activity for different age-ranges. Suggestions and contraindications. - Physical activity for people affected by pulmonary, metabolic, cardiovascular, neurological, psychiatric, musculoskeletal and cancer diseases.
Prerequisites for admission
Knowledge of the muscular, cardiopulmonary and vascular physiology. Knowledge of the muscle, bone, and joint anatomy. Knowledge of the Biomechanics of the locomotor apparatus. Knowledge of the Strength and Conditioning procedures.
Frontal lessons and gym practice.
The Lecturers will use scientific papers to explain each topic. Such papers will be uploaded and made available in the Course's portal (www.ariel.unimi.it)
Assessment methods and Criteria
Oral (possible in telematic mode): the exam consists of 2 separate oral parts with the 2 Lecturers in charge of the course (Coratella, Vernillo). To get an overall positive evaluation, the student must get a positive evaluation in both the oral parts.