Anti-discrimination law

A.Y. 2019/2020
Overall hours
Learning objectives
The course focuses on the principle of equality and non-discrimination, both at national and supranational level. In particular, the aim of this course is to analyse the fundamental theoretical issues and also the practical procedures of judicial protection. Students will prepare class presentations on specific topics regarding the most current case-law.
To this purpose, the course will analyse:
- The constitutional principle of equality and non-discrimination;
- The principle of equality and non-discrimination at European and supranational level;
- The judicial protection of victims of discriminations;
- Factors of discrimination, such as gender discrimination, religious discrimination, racism, sexual homophobia and multiple discriminations.
- Stereotypes, hate speech, discriminatory images;
- The role of the different "actors" involved in the elaboration of policies and strategies aimed at preventing the discriminatory phenomenon (e.g. Parliament, Public Administrations and NGOs).
At the end of the course, the student will have an in-depth knowledge of the topics and will also acquire a reasoning method suitable to deal with more specific and complex legal issues.
Expected learning outcomes
According to the guidelines of the Dublin descriptors, the aim of this course is to provide students with:
· Applying knowledge: students shall be able to employ notions acquired during the course to the understanding of current events, ongoing case law and pending reforms;
· Communication: students shall be able to express notions and opinions correctly, using the appropriate terminology;
· Lifelong learning skills: students shall acquire good individual study skills.
· Ability to recognize discriminatory acts;
· Ability to identify the correct means of judicial protection;
· Ability to develop strategies to prevent discriminations.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
First semester
Course syllabus
Part I. Preliminary concepts and principles
- The principle of equality and non-discrimination in the constitutional system
- The principle of equality and non-discrimination in the supranational and European system
- Preliminary concepts: direct discrimination and indirect discrimination
- Judicial protection and procedures

Part II. Factors of discrimination
- Gender inequalities in Italian constitutional history
- Gender discrimination in politics and at work
- Disability discrimination
- Religious discrimination
- Sexual orientation and homophobia
- Racial discrimination
- National origin discrimination
- Multiple discrimination

Part III. The 'new' forms of discrimination
- Hate-speech and cyberbullying
- Discriminatory images and advertising
- Gender-based violence

Part IV. The role of international organisations, NGOs and institutions in preventing discrimination
- The role of the institutions in preventing and combating discrimination
- The role of NGOs and international organisations
Prerequisites for admission
Students must have passed constitutional law
Teaching methods
The teaching methods are: a) frontal lecture; b) the course aims also at stimulating the active participation of the students, who will eventually prepare class presentations on current cases and specific topics
Teaching Resources
Attending students will have the opportunity to prepare the exam: a) by studying the material provided in class and uploaded to the Ariel platform; b) by eventually preparing class presentation on specifics topics.

Non-attending students must prepare the exam by: studying materials uploaded to the Ariel platform: normative references, case law, literature and slides.
More specifically, non-attending students are required to study the following texts (uploaded to the Ariel platform):
- Il principio di eguaglianza in M. D'Amico, G. Arconzo, S. Leone, Lezioni di Diritto costituzionale, FrancoAngeli, 2018
- Commento all'art. 3 Cost. in R. Bifulco, A. Celotto, M. Olivetti, Commentario alla Costituzione, UTET, 2006.
- L. Paladin, Voce Eguaglianza (Diritto costituzionale)¸ in Enciclopedia del diritto, vol. XIV, p. 520 ss.
- Il principio di eguaglianza in G. Tesauro, Diritto dell'Unione europea, CEDAM, 2013.
- M. D'Amico, La rappresentanza di genere nelle istituzioni. Strumenti di riequilibrio, in M. D'Amico - S. Leone (a cura di), La Donna dalla Fragilitas alla pienezza dei Diritti. Un percorso non ancora concluso?, Giuffré, 2018.
- I capitoli n. 4 "Intorno alla famiglia", 5.2 "Donne e lavoro", 7 "Intorno alle religioni" del volume M. D'Amico, I diritti contesi, FrancoAngeli, 2012.
Assessment methods and Criteria
Attending students: optional presentation in class on current cases or specific topics; final oral exams.
The evaluation is expressed with a mark in thirtieth, and evetually laudem. The evaluation will take into account: the knowledge of course content; the quality of the optional class presentation; the ability to argue and critical reasoning.

- Non attending students: final oral exam, with a mark in thirtieth, and eventually laudem.
IUS/08 - CONSTITUTIONAL LAW - University credits: 6
Lessons: 42 hours