The objective of the course is to provide an in depth knowledge of the star and planet formation processes, starting from molecular clouds, down to the processes that shape the global architecture of planetary systems around the Sun and other stars.
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the course the student will: 1) understand and interpret the basic observables related to young stars 2) Know the detection methods of extra-solar planets 3) Identify the statistical properties of the population of extra-solar planets 4) Identify the physical processes that determine the evolution of the systems considered 5) Describe analytically the properties of theoretical models for the interpretation of observational data.
Program: 1. Extra-solar planets observations 2. Protostellar discs observations with ALMA and high-resolution instruments 3. Fundamentals of radiative transfer: black body, opacity, Rosseland approximation 4. Fundamentals of hydrodynamics: Navier-Stokes equation 5. Accretion processes: spherical accretion and accretion discs. 6. Observations of molecular clouds. Larson's relations 7. Theoretical models for star formation 8. Spectral classification of YSO. 9. Unresolved discs observations: SED, line profiles, masses 10. Outbursts and variability. 11. Dust dynamics in protostellar discs: radial drift and settling 12. Planet formation models 13. Planetary migration
Prerequisites for admission
Good knowledge of calculus, multiple-variables functions and curvilinear integrals. Good knowledge of classical physics, mechanics and electromagnetism.
Armitage - Astrophysics of planet formation - Cambridge University Press Hartmann - Accretion processes in star formation - Cambridge University Press McKee/Ostriker - Theory of star Formation - Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 45, 1 (2007)
Assessment methods and Criteria
The exam is an oral discussion on the topics of the course.