The course aims to explain the basic concepts and principles for a full understanding of the national and european legal system and of the deontological rules in the fields of interest for biology graduates. Furthermore the course aims to introduce the students to the principal questions of bioethics, especially for relationship between scientific research and human life and for current issues about animal and environmental ethics.The fundamental aim of the course is to give the students the necessary tools to understand the legal system and to develop a personal critic idea on controversial issues of public bioethics.
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the course, the student will acquire: knowledge of the basic concepts of the legal italian system (Constitution, national parliamentary and governmental laws, european laws); legal frame of the activity of biologist and deontological rules; knowledge of the principal issues ot bioethics.
Legal rules, religious rules, ethical rules. The deontology. Connections between legal and deontological rules. The Codes of Ethics. Introduction to legal rules. The separation of powers. The principal levels of production of legal rules. The efficacy of legal rules in time. The most important types of sources of legal rules: Constitution, constitutional laws, ordinary laws, decree-laws, legislative decrees, regional laws, regulations for enforcement of laws, European regulations and directives. The antinomies between sources of law and their solution. The legal rules for the profession of biologist. Legal rules for animal experimentation: European and national rules.
PowerPoint Presentations, schemes and lectures on the web site of the module of Deontology
The teaching aims to provide fundamental elements to understand the main and often controversial issues of bioethical debate. Specifically, the following subjects will be addressed. Origin of bioethics: Why is it born and what are the new issues at the core of debate? Main normative ethics theories in the bioethics reasoning: teleological ethics, deontological ethics, virtue ethics. Bioethics and research ethics: scientific research on human beings and informed consent (I); scientific research on human embryos with attention to embryonic stem cells (II); Framework programme for research and innovation (2014-2020) in Europe, H2020, art. 19 Ethical principles (III). Bioethics and the enlargement of moral consideration circle: Animal ethics and scientific research on non human animals; environmental ethics and preservation of nature.
Lecture notes of essays, articles and book chapters which teacher will provide at the beginning of lessons.