Infectious Diseases of Domestic Animals 2 and Veterinary Epidemiology

A.Y. 2019/2020
Overall hours
Learning objectives
The general aims of the course of Infectious Diseases of Domestic Animals II are to provide the student with the theoretical and practical tools for surveillance, diagnosis and control of infectious diseases.
In particular, the veterinary epidemiology module aims to provide the basic principles of epidemiology and its applications to veterinary medicine. Particular emphasis are given to topics related to sampling, epidemiological measures, evaluation of diagnostic tests and, finally, epidemiological studies.
In the Infectious Diseases module the course aims to provide in-depth knowledge on the most widespread infectious diseases in intensive cattle breeding, with particular regard to multi-factorial syndromes with high economic impact. The topics are treated covering particularly epidemiological, diagnostic and preventive aspects.
Finally, the organization of the National Health Service and the main International Health Organizations is described in the Public Health module. The issues related to emerging and re-emerging diseases, those transmitted by biological vectors and finally to emerging zoonoses are also addressed.
Expected learning outcomes
The learning outcomes expected from the course are identified as follows:

Knowledge and understanding
At the end of the course the student must have acquired the theoretical and practical knowledge necessary to evaluate the accuracy of diagnostic tests, carry out simple epidemiological investigations and be able to manage an outbreak of infectious diseases or, at least, to control and possibly to eradicate the most important infectious diseases in cattle herds. He will also have to know the main zoonotic diseases presented in the course in order to play the proper role of veterinarian in the field of Public health. He will also need to know the structure of the National Health Service and the function of Bodies at European and international level.

Ability to apply knowledge and understanding
The student with the theoretical and practical knowledge acquired during the course must be able to formulate a suspicion of an infectious disease, and by the means of appropriate epidemiological assessments, identify the most efficient diagnostic procedures to confirm the diagnosis and suggests appropriate therapy, control and prevention.

Autonomy of judgment
At the end of the course the student must be able to identify the direct and indirect risk factors related to the onset of the infectious disease and to suggest the most appropriate interventions to contain or eliminate it.

Communication skills
Based on what has been learned from the course, the student must be able to explain what he has learned in a simple and clear way using correct and appropriate scientific terminology.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
Second semester
Prerequisites for admission
The student should have already acquired knowledge related to microbiology, immunology, general pathology and pathological anatomy.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The exam is written (open-ended test) and oral and the topics include those covered in all three modules in which the course is divided.
The student must know the topics that have been indicated in the course program and must demonstrate the ability to deal practically with the outbreak of one of the infectious diseases considered, including any required veterinary police measures and any applicable control / eradication plans .The appeals are monthly (excluding March, May, August, December).
To take the exam, enrollment in the appeal through the University's SIFA online service is essential (N.B .: enrollments close 5 days before the exam date) and the preparatory exams must have been passed.
Modulo: Malattie infettive degli animali domestici 2
Course syllabus
The course has the aim to provide knowledge on veterinary epidemiology, infectious diseases of animals, with emphasis on ruminants and specifically zoonotic and foodborne diseases (i.e. TBC, Brucellosis), production diseases (i.e. mastitis, respiratory diseases) and other infectious diseases such as Paratuberculosis and Q fever.
The practical seminars will mainly focus on the diagnostic aspects of the different infectious diseases, addressing the diagnostic process in all its phases starting from the methods of choosing the samples, then dealing with the different diagnostic tests to be applied and, finally, on how to objectively interpret the data obtained .
Teaching methods
The lessons are oral and the teaching material concerning all the modules of the course are reported updated on the ARIEL website.
The practical seminars concerns the diagnostic aspects of the main infectious diseases.
Teaching Resources
Zecconi (2010). Mastite Bovina. Manuale pratico per un efficace controllo in stalla. Ed. L'Informatore Agrario
Zecconi & Fantini (2012). Le malattie della produzione. Manuale per la prevenzione e il controllo. Ed. L'Informatore Agrario
Modulo: Sanità pubblica veterinaria e patologia tropicale
Course syllabus
Frontal teaching
Introduction: cultural and social role of the veterinary profession; Veterinary Public Health: meaning and relevance in the protection of human health (2 h)
The National Health Service: organization of the Veterinary Service within the National Health Service: regulations governing its activity at central, intermediate and local levels; Experimental Zooprophylactic Institutes, National and International Reference Centers (3 h)
Zoonoses: epidemiological classification (WHO scheme); professional zoonoses, urban zoonoses, food risk: technical, operational and regulatory bases of prevention (3 h)
Emerging diseases in Europe: introduction to emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases. Zoonoses introduced by non-EU countries. Emerging zoonoses in Europe (4 h)
Emergency risk diseases in Europe: Diseases and / or zoonoses present in non-European countries at risk of emergency in Europe. Current topic based on the global epidemiological situation (4 h)
Practical seminars
International Public Health: International Health Bodies: World Health Organization (WHO), World Animal Health Organization (OIE), European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), European Agency for Disease Control and Prevention (ECDC ). Use of the network in the veterinary medical profession (4 h)
Technical bodies of the NHS: Experimental Zooprophylactic Institutes, National Reference Centers: regulations, organization and practical use in the veterinary medical profession (4 h)
The Veterinary Police Regulations: scientific and regulatory basis, meaning in the veterinary profession, practical application (4 h)
The veterinary profession: Scheduled meetings with medical-veterinary professionalism operating in the field of Public Health (4 h)
Teaching methods
Frontal teaching (2 credits - 16 hours) made up of general notions of public health, with particular regard to veterinary public health; the topics of the lessons refer to the organization of the Public Veterinary Service, both nationally and internationally.
Particular attention is devoted to zoonotic infections, their epidemiological aspects and social implications; zoonotic risk in the occupational, urban and major connotations of food risk is also specifically addressed. Particular attention is paid to emerging zoonoses, both nationally and internationally.
Practical seminars (1CFU - 16 hours): concern the knowledge and methods of use of the Veterinary Police Regulations in the professional practice . Knowledge and practical indications are also provided for the use of the computer network for the acquisition of information from national and international healthcare organizations of veterinary interest; meetings with medical-veterinary professionals operating in the field of Public Health are also organized.
Teaching Resources
The didactic and bibliographical material will be available in electronic format at the end of the lessons on the platform Ariel at
Textbook suggested
Regolamento di Polizia Veterinaria - Soc. Ed. Esculapio
Gli animali, l'uomo e l'ambiente - Ed. Bononia University Press.
Modulo: Epidemiologia veterinaria
Course syllabus
The postulates of Koch and Evans
Association, bias and confusion
Diagnostic tests
Epidemiological measures
The measures of the association
Basic epidemiological studies
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons to illustrate the basics of epidemiology and its practical applications in Veterinary Medicine
Practical seminars to put the notions acquired during the lectures into practice, facing practical problems for both farm animals and pets and using specific software.
Teaching Resources
Trushfield Veterinary Epidemiology. Blackwell.
Bottarelli (2011). Epidemiologia teoria ed esempi di medicina veterinaria. Edagricole
Modulo: Epidemiologia veterinaria
Practicals: 16 hours
Lessons: 16 hours
Professor: Zecconi Alfonso
Professor: Zecconi Alfonso
Turno 1 per un gruppo di studenti
Professor: Zecconi Alfonso
Turno 2 per un gruppo di studenti
Professor: Zecconi Alfonso
Turno per tutti gli studenti
Professor: Zecconi Alfonso
Modulo: Malattie infettive degli animali domestici 2
Practicals: 16 hours
Lessons: 16 hours
Professor: Zecconi Alfonso
Modulo: Sanità pubblica veterinaria e patologia tropicale
Lessons: 24 hours
Professors: Grilli Guido, Lauzi Stefania, Luzzago Camilla, Sala Vittorio