Latin language (MA)

A.Y. 2019/2020
9
Max ECTS
60
Overall hours
SSD
L-FIL-LET/04
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
In the first T.U. (A), addressing only students of 'Lettere moderne', some aspects of the Latin language are dwelt upon, based on a selection of Latin prose texts pertaining to different times and genres. Two specialistic T.U. (B-C) focus on specific topics, which change every year, and may deal also with non-literary texts (e.g., technical languages; diamesic variation: written and spoken language; the language of an individual author or genre).
Expected learning outcomes
Knowledge: Thorough knowledge of: (1) Latin phonology, morphology, syntax, even concerning their more complex and problematic aspects; (2) the general categories of linguistic description and analysis, which apply both to Latin and to other (ancient and modern) languages.
Skills: The students are able to: (1) grasp the linguistic and stylistic features of texts pertaining to different times and genres, based also on comparison between different texts, and to express their knowledge availing themselves of exact technical terms; (2) understand and translate into Italian any text; (3) when possible, place texts in their socio-linguistic context; (4) make a careful use of critical editions, commentaries, studies. In T.U. C students are actively involved in class activities and are asked to present texts, so that they get accustomed to face texts autonomously, both finding and taking advantage of any bibliographical instrument that is useful in view of linguistic analysis.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
First semester
Course syllabus
In T.U. A (addressing only students of 'Lettere moderne') some key-topics relating to Latin language and its diachronic change are dealt with in depth: e.g., word order; word formation; the structure of complex sentences; verbal aspect; Latin apophony and Indoeuropean apophony.
In T.U. B-C some methodological issues concerning Latin as a 'Sondersprache' are dwelled upon, based on the analysis of Latin technical texts pertaining to different fields, such as medicine, Christianity, astronomy, cooking. The classes on Frontinus' De aquaeductu urbis Romae and Solinus' Collectanea rerum memorabilium are held (co-teaching) by prof. David Paniagua (visiting professor, Univesidad de Salamanca).
Prerequisites for admission
A deep knowledge of the history of the Latin literature, and of Latin language (phonology, morphology, syntax). It is compulsory for all students to have passed the written test (translation from Latin into Italian) which is preliminary to the exam of 'Latin literature' (MA).
Teaching methods
Frontal teaching is integrated with active cooperation by students. The focal points of the teaching method are: 1) on behalf of the teacher, texts' presentation, through: loud reading, translation (aiming also at remarking the impossibility of an univocal word-for-word translation), linguistic analysis, mainly dwelling on the problematic aspects of linguistic doctrine; 2) on behalf of the students, an active cooperation is stimulated unceasingly, in both translation and analysis of texts; moreover, some texts are presented by students, taking advantage of bibliographical materials found by themselves.
Teaching Resources
Students of MA 'Filologia, storia e letterature del mondo classico' (CFU 6/9):
1) translation from Latin of Plauto, Anfitrione, a cura di R. Oniga, Marsilio;
2) study of one of the following texts: a] C. Santini, Lingue e generi letterari dalle origini agli Antonini, in P. Poccetti - D. Poli - C. Santini, Una storia della lingua latina: formazione, usi, comunicazione, Carocci, Roma 2003, pp. 235-376 (III capitolo); b] L.R. Palmer, La lingua latina, Einaudi, Torino 1977, parte I (Lineamenti di storia della lingua latina); c] I. Mazzini, Storia della lingua latina e del suo contesto. Volume 1: linguistica e lingua letteraria, ed. Salerno 2007; d] I. Mazzini, Storia della lingua latina e del suo contesto. Volume 2: le lingue socialmente marcate, ed. Salerno 2010;
3) A. Traina - G. Bernardi Perini, Propedeutica al latino universitario, Bologna, Pa'tron, 1998, study of chapters 1-6.
4) the texts examined during classes, which are published on the course website ( https://pmorettill.ariel.ctu.unimi.it/v5/home/Default.aspx ).
Students of MA 'Filologia, storia e letterature del mondo classico' who choose 'Latin language - 9 CFU', must ask the teacher for some further readings.
Students who do not attend classes must follow the previous instructions as regards points 1-2-3, and ask the teacher for further readings, replacing the texts referred to at point 4.

Students of 'Lettere moderne' (CFU 6/9):
1) studio di: A. Traina - G. Bernardi Perini, Propedeutica al latino universitario, Bologna, Pa'tron, 1998, capitoli 1-6;
2) traduzione di Cicerone, Tusculanae disputationes, libro II, OPPURE di Sallustio, Bellum Catilinae.
3) I testi analizzati a lezione, che sono pubblicati sul sito Ariel del corso ( https://pmorettill.ariel.ctu.unimi.it/v5/home/Default.aspx ).
Students of 'Lettere moderne' who choose an exam of 'Latin language MA - 9 CFU' must translate both texts listed above, at point 2.
Students who do not attend classes must follow the previous instructions as regards points 1-2, and ask the teacher for further readings, replacing the texts referred to at point 3.
Assessment methods and Criteria
Oral examination, top grade 30/30 'e lode' (sufficiency: 18/30). It focuses both on texts examined by the teacher during classes, and on those translated autonomously by students: students must be able to read them aloud, to translate them, to comment upon them under the linguistic respect. The examination aims to verify: 1) the knowledge of general categories of linguistic analysis; 2) the students' ability: to describe the general categories of linguistic analysis by means of exact technical terms; to examine texts even in comparison to other ones, highlighting differences and suggesting the possible reasons accounting for them.
Unita' didattica A
L-FIL-LET/04 - LATIN LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE - University credits: 3
Lessons: 20 hours
Unita' didattica B
L-FIL-LET/04 - LATIN LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE - University credits: 3
Lessons: 20 hours
Unita' didattica C
L-FIL-LET/04 - LATIN LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE - University credits: 3
Lessons: 20 hours
Professor(s)
Reception:
Students should contact prof. Moretti by email.