Literature and Culture in Contemporary Italy

A.Y. 2019/2020
9
Max ECTS
60
Overall hours
SSD
L-FIL-LET/11
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The course aims to provide some basic categories for analyzing literary texts, both in their formal (linguistic and structural) aspects and in their relationships with the historical and social context.
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the course, the student must be capable to master the basic tools of the formal analysis and of the historical interpretation, to define them in theory and to apply them in a proper and autonomous way in text-reading.
Course syllabus and organization

A-D

Responsible
Lesson period
First semester
Course syllabus
Looking for myself: individual identity in the Italian narrative of the late 20th Century
In its monographic part (Modules 1 and 3), the course will study four important novels published between the second Postwar period and the early Nineties. In different ways, all these works show that for contemporary man the same identity is something problematic, that is built progressively and often laboriously. The search for self goes through the awareness of one's own family roots and of one's past, the discovery of friendship and love, but also the clash with Society and History. The Module 1, Becoming adults in time of war, we will reread two great classics, Cesare Pavese's La luna e i falò (1950) and Beppe Fenoglio's Una questione private (1963), in which the time of transition from adolescence to adulthood overlaps with that of the War. In Pavese's novel, the protagonist and narrator Anguilla does not know his parents and moves away from the country where he grew up just when the tragedies of War and Civil War are taking place: he will try to reconstruct that time while trying to figure out who he himself is. In Una questione privata the protagonist Milton, engaged as a partisan in the Resistance, will be overwhelmed by the need to know as soon as possible what is happening to his love life. The narration is told by an external narrator, but uses systematically the internal focus on the protagonist, who does not know and needs to know.
In the Module 3, Mothers and daughters tell each other, the relationships between mothers and daughters will be in the foreground. However, the narrative voices of the two novels are oppo-site: in Alberto Moravia's La ciociara (1957) a mother tells her daughter, wherever in Elena Ferrante's L'amore molesto a daughter tells her mother. In La ciociara the narrator is an ignorant mother, Cesira, who tries to understand her own daughter, Rosetta, fiercely struck by the violence of the War. In this way she will find himself reflecting on herself and on History, but also on the role of intellectuals, through the figure of the young and cultured Michele, who strangely has many things in common with naïve Rosetta. In Elena Ferrante's L'amore molesto a daughter, Delia, investigates the mysterious death of her mother Amalia, discovering herself and the reality in which she grew up. Delia will find herself on one side hostile and jealous, but on another side even full of love and of desire of identification. The story is set in a labyrinthine, dark and inhospitable Naples. Through the reading of the debut novel by Ferrante, we will also take a look at the beautiful Mario Martone film based on the novel and we will reflect on Ferrante's extraordinary worldwide success, especially with the saga My brilliant friend, now also become fiction.
The Module 2, Introduction to the Sociology of Literature, devoted to the Theory of Literature and to the Sociology of Literature, will show some fundamental issues of the relationships between Literature and historical context, from a multidisciplinary point of view, studying some crucial texts of Sociology, Literary Criticism and Philosophy between 19th and 20th Centuries.
Prerequisites for admission
Basic knowledge of Italian literary history from the Unification of Italy to the 1970s. Basic knowledge of narratology and rhetoric.
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Module 1 - Becoming adults in time of War
Bibliography and other teaching materials Module 1 (attending students):
Texts:
C. Pavese, La luna e i falò, Torino, Einaudi;
B. Fenoglio, Una questione privata, Torino, Einaudi.

Critical Bibliography:
V. Spinazzola, Nelle Langhe, dopo la guerra, in Id., Itaca, addio, il Saggiatore, pp. 89-137;
G. Pedullà, Introduzione, a Una questione privata, Torino, Einaudi, pp. V-LIX.

Bibliography and other teaching materials Module 1 (non attending students):
Texts:
C. Pavese, La luna e i falò, Torino, Einaudi;
B. Fenoglio, Una questione privata, Torino, Einaudi.

Critical Bibliography:
V. Spinazzola, Nelle Langhe, dopo la guerra, in Id., Itaca, addio, il Saggiatore, pp. 89-137;
G. Finzi, Come leggere «La luna e i falò» di Cesare Pavese, Milano, Mursia, pp. 5-88;
G. Pedullà, Introduzione, a Una questione privata, Torino, Einaudi, pp. V-LIX;
E. Soletti, I racconti e Una questione privata in Id., Beppe Fenoglio, Milano, Mursia, pp. 155-205.

Programme Module 2:
Sociology of Literary Production - Introduction to the Sociology of Literature
Bibliography and other teaching materials Module 2 (attending students):
Texts: G. Turchetta, Critica, letteratura e società, Roma, Carocci.
The attending students will have to prepare for the exam six of the twelve essays of the book.

Bibliography and other teaching materials Module 2 (non attending students):
Texts: G. Turchetta, Critica, letteratura e società, Roma, Carocci.
The non attending students will have to prepare for the exam ten of the twelve essays of the book.

Programme Module 3: Mothers and daughters tell each other
Bibliography and other teaching materials Module 3 (attending students):
Texts:
A. Moravia, La ciociara, Milano, Bompiani;
E. Ferrante, L'amore molesto, Roma, edizioni e/o.

Critical Bibliography:
G. Turchetta, I paradossi di Cesira: la saggezza di un narratore inattendibile, in «Intersezioni», Alberto Moravia e La ciociara. Letteratura. Storia. Cinema IV, introduzione e cura di A. Favaro, Avellino, Edizioni di Sinestesie, pp. 225-241;
T. De Rogatis, L'amore molesto di Elena Ferrante. Mito classico, riti di iniziazione e identità fem-minile, in «Allegoria», nn. 69/70, 2014, pp. 273-308.

Bibliography and other e altri teaching materials of the Module 3 (non attending students):
Texts:
A. Moravia, La ciociara, Milano, Bompiani;
E. Ferrante, L'amore molesto, Roma, edizioni e/o.

Critical Bibliography:
G. Turchetta, I paradossi di Cesira: la saggezza di un narratore inattendibile, in «Intersezioni», Alberto Moravia e "La ciociara". Letteratura. Storia. Cinema IV, introduzione e cura di A. Favaro, Avellino, Edizioni di Sinestesie, pp. 225-241;
G. Baldi, "La ciociara": l'intellettuale pedagogo e l'educazione della popolana, in Id., Eroi intel-lettuali e classi popolari nella letteratura italiana del Novecento, Napoli, Liguori, 2005, pp. 209-219;
T. Tornitore, Introduzione, in A. Moravia, La ciociara, cit., pp. XVII-XXXXVI;
T. De Rogatis, L'amore molesto di Elena Ferrante. Mito classico, riti di iniziazione e identità fem-minile, in «Allegoria», nn. 69/70, 2014, pp. 273-308;
E. Ferrante, Il dono della Befana, Gli abiti, i corpi. L'amore molesto sullo schermo, Scrivere nasco-stamente. Lettera a Goffredo Fofi, in Id., La frantumaglia. Nuova ediziona ampliata, Roma, edizioni e/o, pp. 11-12, 48-52, 53-66.

The exam programs contain within them both the bibliography for students attending the lessons, and the supplementary bibliography developed specifically for students who do not have the opportunity to attend the course. Lecture notes will be prepared, available at the library of the LUMI University Cooperative in Piazza Montanelli, in which critical texts scheduled for difficult availability will be collected.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The exam consists of an oral interview on the topics of the program, aimed at ascertaining the knowledge of the main topics, the acquisition of the basic methodological tools for the interpretation of literary texts and the ability to apply them appropriately and independently to the scheduled texts. Attendance at lessons is strongly recommended for better exam preparation.
However, the program already includes additions for students who could not attend. There are no intermediate tests, nor exams with partial programs: students must present all the teaching units to the exam, without exception. Students must register through the appropriate links on the University website: only in this case the exams can be regularly registered.
Teaching Unit 1
L-FIL-LET/11 - CONTEMPORARY ITALIAN LITERATURE - University credits: 3
Lessons: 20 hours
Teaching Unit 2
L-FIL-LET/11 - CONTEMPORARY ITALIAN LITERATURE - University credits: 3
Lessons: 20 hours
Teaching Unit 3
L-FIL-LET/11 - CONTEMPORARY ITALIAN LITERATURE - University credits: 3
Lessons: 20 hours

A-Z

Responsible
Lesson period
Second semester
Course syllabus
PERSONAL CHOICES AND COLLECTIVE DESTINY: INDIVIDUAL AND HISTORY IN CONTEMPORARY ITALIAN FICTION
The Module 1 and the Module 3 of the Course will investigate subjects and forms in some narrative texts by four writers in the Italian 20th Century Literature: Emilio Lussu, Beppe Fenoglio, Paolo Volponi, Primo Levi. The Module 1 intends to present, by means of the works of Lussu and Fenoglio, relevant historical, ideological and cultural aspects of the world wars and their impact on the Italian society in the first half of the 20th century. The Module 3 intends to present, by means of the works of Paolo Volponi and Primo Levi (complementary in many respects), a portrait of the great Italian modernization process, in economy and society, and of its light and shadow.
The Module 2, devoted to the Theory of Literature, will show some fundamental issues of the relationships between Literature and historical context, from a multidisciplinary point of view, studying some crucial texts of Sociology, Literary Criticism and Philosophy between 19th and 20th Centuries.
Prerequisites for admission
Basic knowledge of Italian literary history from the Unification of Italy to the 1970s. Basic knowledge of narratology and rhetoric.
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
WHICH SIDE TO STAY ON? WRITERS AND WARS IN THE ITALIAN TWENTIETH CENTURY
Bibliography and other teaching materials Module 1 (attending students)
Texts:
- Emilio Lussu, Un anno sull'altipiano, Torino, Einaudi (any edition, as long as it is integral, is accepted);
- Beppe Fenoglio, Una questione privata, Torino, Einaudi (any edition, as long as it is integral, is accepted).

Critical Bibliography:
- Giovanni Falaschi, "Un anno sull'Altipiano" di Emilio Lussu, in Alberto Asor Rosa (dir.), Letteratura italiana. L'età contemporanea. Le opere 1921-1938, Torino, Einaudi 2007, pp. 603-650.
- Gabriele Pedullà, Introduzione a Una questione privata, Torino, Einaudi, pp. V-LIX.

Bibliography and other teaching materials Module 1 (non attending students)
Texts:
- Emilio Lussu, Un anno sull'altipiano, Torino, Einaudi.
- Beppe Fenoglio, Una questione privata, Torino, Einaudi.

Critical Bibliography:
- Giovanni Falaschi, "Un anno sull'Altipiano" di Emilio Lussu, in Alberto Asor Rosa (dir.), Letteratura italiana. L'età contemporanea. Le opere 1921-1938, Torino, Einaudi 2007, pp. 603-650.
- Francesca Caputo, Per una guerra senza retorica: discorsi e dialoghi in "Un anno sull'Altipiano" di Emilio Lussu, in Gli scrittori e la Grande Guerra, a cura di P.C. Buffaria, C. Mileschi, L. Salza, Istituto Italiano di Cultura di Parigi, 2009, pp. 43-66.
- Gabriele Pedullà, Introduzione a Una questione privata, Torino, Einaudi, pp. V-LIX.
- Franco Petroni, Fenoglio e la storia, in "Moderna", VIII, 1-2, 2006, pp. 229-249.

Module 2 - INTRODUCTION TO THE SOCIOLOGY OF LITERATURE
Bibliography and other teaching materials Module 2 (attending students):
Testi: G. Turchetta, Critica, letteratura e società, Roma, Carocci.
The attending students will have to prepare for the exam six of the twelve essays of the book.

Bibliography and other teaching materials Module 2 (non attending students):
Texts: G. Turchetta, Critica, letteratura e società, Roma, Carocci.
The non attending students will have to prepare for the exam ten of the twelve essays of the book.

Module 3 - ALIENATION OR SELF-REALIZATION? TECHNOLOGY, WORK AND SOCIETY IN LITERARY REPRESENTATION
Bibliography and other teaching materials Module 3 (attending students):
Texts:
- Paolo Volponi, Memoriale, Torino, Einaudi.
- Primo Levi, La chiave a stella, Torino, Einaudi.

Critical Bibliography:
Texts:
- Angela Guidotti, Lettura di Memoriale, in "Studi novecenteschi" n. 55, 1998, pp. 67-94.
- Giuseppina Santagostino, Tecnologia e rappresentazione in Primo Levi, in Letteratura e industria, Firenze, Olschki, 1997, pp. 1039-1052.

Bibliography and other teaching materials Module 3 (non attending students):
Testi:
- Paolo Volponi, Memoriale, Torino, Einaudi.
- Primo Levi, La chiave a stella, Torino, Einaudi.

Critical Bibliography:
Texts:
- Angela Guidotti, Lettura di Memoriale, in "Studi novecenteschi" n. 55, 1998, pp. 67-94.
- Cronologia, in Paolo Volponi, Romanzi e prose, a cura di Emanuele Zinato, Einaudi, Torino 2002, pp. XLVII-LXXXI.
- Giuseppina Santagostino, Tecnologia e rappresentazione in Primo Levi, in Letteratura e industria, Firenze, Olschki, 1997, pp. 1039-1052.
- Cronologia, in Primo Levi, Opere, a cura di Marco Belpoliti, Volume I, Einaudi, Torino, 1997, pp. LXXIII-XCVIII.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The exam consists of an oral interview on the topics of the program, aimed at ascertaining the knowledge of the main topics, the acquisition of the basic methodological tools for the interpretation of literary texts and the ability to apply them appropriately and independently to the scheduled texts. Attendance at lessons is strongly recommended for better exam preparation.
However, the program already includes additions for students who could not attend. There are no intermediate tests, nor exams with partial programs: students must present all the teaching units to the exam, without exception. Students must register through the appropriate links on the University website: only in this case the exams can be regularly registered.
Teaching Unit 1
L-FIL-LET/11 - CONTEMPORARY ITALIAN LITERATURE - University credits: 3
Lessons: 20 hours
Professor: Turchetta Giovanni
Teaching Unit 2
L-FIL-LET/11 - CONTEMPORARY ITALIAN LITERATURE - University credits: 3
Lessons: 20 hours
Professor: Terreni Alessandro
Teaching Unit 3
L-FIL-LET/11 - CONTEMPORARY ITALIAN LITERATURE - University credits: 3
Lessons: 20 hours
Professor: Terreni Alessandro

E-N

Responsible
Lesson period
First semester
Course syllabus
Course Syllabus
BIG CITIES & SMALL TOWNS IN FASCIST ITALY
The monographic sections (Units 1 and 3) will focus on the depiction of the twenty years of the Fascist Era by contemporary Italian literature. Unit 1 will analyze two books, a collection of short stories and a novel, which highlight the impact of the fascist totalitarian culture on the small towns of Lombardy (Chiara) and Sicily (Camilleri). Unit 3 will be devoted to two novels which tell stories of migration to Milan (Guareschi) and departure from the city to uncover family roots (Castellaneta).
Unit 2, which will be dedicated specifically to theory of literature, will depict a few fundamental issues of the relationships between literature and historical context, from a multidisciplinary point of view, studying some crucial texts of sociology, literary criticism and philosophy from 19th and 20th centuries.
Prerequisites for admission
Students should have: - an essential knowledge of Italian history, culture and literature from Unity to today; - a mastery of basic tools for the analysis of the literary text and the reading of critical essays; - a good command of written and spoken Italian language.
Teaching methods
The setting of the lessons blends a careful investigation of the style and narrative techniques with a sociological approach, in order to familiarize the student with the main issues concerning contemporary Italian literature and culture.
Teaching Resources
Unit 1. The advent of fascism in small towns
Attending students will prepare for the exam the notes taken in class and the following texts: P. Chiara, L'uovo al cianuro e altre storie, Milano, Oscar Mondadori (anche in Id., Racconti, Milano, Meridiani Mondadori, pp. 199-445); A. Camilleri, Privo di titolo, Palermo, Sellerio.
Critical bibliography: G. Turchetta, Garibaldi, Mamarosa e il binocolo: demistificazione, grottesco, eufemismo nella comicità di Piero Chiara, in Il «mago del lago». Piero Chiara a cent'anni dalla nascita, a c. di M. Novelli, Amici di Piero Chiara, Varese 2014, pp. 45-72; G. Benvenuti, Un dittico fascista, in Gran Teatro Camilleri, a c. di S.S. Nigro, Sellerio, Palermo, pp. 51-65.

Non-attending students will prepare for the exam the following texts:
Testi: P. Chiara, L'uovo al cianuro e altre storie, Milano, Oscar Mondadori (anche in Id., Racconti, Milano, Meridiani Mondadori, pp. 199-445); A. Camilleri, Privo di titolo, Palermo, Sellerio
Critical bibliography: G. Turchetta, Garibaldi, Mamarosa e il binocolo: demistificazione, grottesco, eufemismo nella comicità di Piero Chiara, cit., pp. 45-72; P. Marzano, Il metodo dei racconti di Piero Chiara, in Tipologia della narrazione breve, a c. di N. Merola e G. Rosa, Roma, Vecchiarelli, pp. 183-198; G. Benvenuti, Un dittico fascista, cit., pp. 51-65; A. Santoro, Camilleri tra Montalbano e Patò, Napoli, Guida, pp. 219-232.

Unit 2. Introduction to the Sociology of Literature

Attending students will prepare for the exam the notes taken in class and six of the twelve essays contained in the following text: G. Turchetta, Critica, letteratura e società, Carocci.
Non-attending students will prepare for the exam ten of the twelve essays contained in the following text:
G. Turchetta, Critica, letteratura e società, Carocci.

Unit 3. A literary round-trip to Milan
Attending students will prepare for the exam the notes taken in class and the following texts: G. Guareschi, La scoperta di Milano, Milano, Rizzoli; C. Castellaneta, Viaggio col padre, Novara, Interlinea
Critical bibliography: D. Marcheschi, Guareschi e il romanzo, e A. Bertoni, Guareschi fra l'Emilia e l'Europa, in 100 anni di Guareschi. Letteratura, Cinema, Giornalismo, Grafica, Parma, MUP, pp. 27-53; M.P. McDonald, Intervista a Carlo Castellaneta, in «Italian Quarterly», n. 153-154, Summer-Fall 2002, pp. 77-92; M. Novelli, La narrativa di Carlo Castellaneta. Una ricognizione, in Milano e l'Europa, a c. di E.T. Brioschi, Milano, Chimera, pp. 63-68.

Non-attending students will prepare for the exam the following texts: G. Guareschi, La scoperta di Milano, Milano, Rizzoli; C. Castellaneta, Viaggio col padre, Novara, Interlinea
Critical bibliography: D. Marcheschi, Guareschi e il romanzo, e A. Bertoni, Guareschi fra l'Emilia e l'Europa, cit., pp. 27-53; G. Conti, Giovannino Guareschi. Biografia di uno scrittore, Milano, Rizzoli, pp. 117-161 e 215-235; M.P. McDonald, Intervista a Carlo Castellaneta, cit., pp. 77-92; J. Foot, Milano dopo il miracolo. Biografia di una città, Milano, Feltrinelli, cap. 1; M. Novelli, La narrativa di Carlo Castellaneta. Una ricognizione, cit., pp. 63-68.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The exam consists of an oral interview on the topics of the syllabus, whose purpose is to ascertain the knowledge of the main issues, the acquisition of the basic methodological tools for the interpretation of literary texts and the ability to apply them appropriately and autonomous to the scheduled texts.
Attendance at lessons is strongly recommended for better exam preparation. However, the syllabus already includes additions for students who could not attend.
There are no intermediate tests, nor partial exams: students must present all the teaching units to the exam, without exception. Students must register through the appropriate links on the University website: only in this case the exams can be regularly registered.
Teaching Unit 1
L-FIL-LET/11 - CONTEMPORARY ITALIAN LITERATURE - University credits: 3
Lessons: 20 hours
Teaching Unit 2
L-FIL-LET/11 - CONTEMPORARY ITALIAN LITERATURE - University credits: 3
Lessons: 20 hours
Teaching Unit 3
L-FIL-LET/11 - CONTEMPORARY ITALIAN LITERATURE - University credits: 3
Lessons: 20 hours
Professor: Gallarini Luca

O-Z gruppo 1

Responsible
Lesson period
First semester
Course syllabus
Intellectuals in the Late Twentieth Century. Four Italian Self-portraits. In its monographic part (Unit I and III), the course the course will analyze two collections of journalistic texts and two narrative texts (a novel and a theatrical monologue). The four works return different aspects of the intellectual condition in Post-war Italy. The first Unit, Reviewing the World, will focus on some po-litical-social articles by Pier Paolo Pasolini, dating back to the Mid-Seventies and contained in Lettere luterane (and partly in Scritti corsari), and some articles by Giovanni Raboni, spread over a vast chronological period from the early 1960s to the early 2000s, recently collected in a broad anthology and covering Italian cultural institutions. The third Unit (second section of the monographic part of the course), Narrating Anger, Disease and Marginanlity, has as its subject a novel by Luciano Bianciardi, La vita agra, and a theater piece by Raffaello Baldini, La Fondazione: this time it is a matter of literary fiction works, which will be investigated, in parallel to the essay texts of the first module, as representations of two emblematic intellectual figures, respectively, of Italy in the early 1960s (Bianciardi's novel) and the early 2000s (the baldinian monologue).
The Unit 2, Introduction to the Sociology of Literature, devoted to the Theory of Literature and to the Sociology of Literature, will show some fundamental issues of the relationships between Literature and historical context, from a multidisciplinary point of view, studying some crucial texts of Sociology, Literary Criticism and Philosophy between 19th and 20th Centuries.
Prerequisites for admission
- The student must know the fundamental historical-social, cultural and literary dynamics in twentieth-century Italy.
- The student must have the ability to read, understand and analyze literary texts in Italian.
Teaching methods
Taught class.
Teaching Resources
PART 1
- Pier Paolo Pasolini, Lettere luterane (1976), Garzanti, 1990 (and subsequent reprints), also in Id., Saggi sulla politica e sulla società, Mondadori, 1999, pp. 537-715;
- Id., Scritti corsari, Garzanti, 1975 (only the items collected in the lecture notes);
- Giovanni Raboni, Meglio star zitti? Scritti militanti su letteratura cinema teatro, Mondadori, 2019.

Critical Bibliography:
- I recommend the study of the fundamental stages of Italian history between 1945 and 1990, to be carried out with the support of an educational book(Guido Crainz, L'Italia repubblicana, Giunti, 2000).

About P.P. Pasolini, Lettere luterane e Scritti corsari:
- Alfonso Berardinelli, Prefazione a P.P. Pasolini, Scritti corsari, Garzanti, 1990, pp. VII-XII (lecture notes);
- Guido Crainz, Prefazione a P.P. Pasolini, Lettere luterane, Garzanti, 2009, pp. 5-11 (lecture notes).

About G. Raboni, Meglio star zitti?:
- P.V. Mengaldo, Giovanni Raboni in Id., Profili di critici del Novecento, Bollati Boringhieri, 1998, pp. 107-111 (lecture notes);
- Luca Daino, Introduzione a G. Raboni, Meglio star zitti? Scritti militanti su letteratura cinema teatro, Mondadori, 2019, pp. V-XXVII.

Additions for Non-attending Students:
- Bruno Pischedda, Pasolini. «Le ragione oggettive per un impegno totale», in Id., Scrittori polemisti, Bollati Boringhieri, 2011, pp. 21-47 e 58-88 (lecture notes).
- Maria Antonietta Grignani, Approccio a Raboni critico della prosa italiana del Novecento, in A. Girardi, A. Soldani, A. Zangrandi (a cura di), Questo e altro. Giovanni Raboni dieci anni dopo (2004-2014), Quodlibet, 2016, pp. 241-263 (lecture notes).

PART 2
- G. Turchetta, Critica, letteratura e società, Carocci, Roma.
Attending students will study SIX of the twelve essays contained in the volume.
Non-attending students will study TEN of the twelve essays contained in the volume.

PART 3
- Luciano Bianciardi, La vita agra, Excogita, 2013;
- Raffaello Baldini, La Fondazione, Einaudi, 2008.

Critical Bibliography
About L. Bianciardi, La vita agra:
- Carlo Varotti, Luciano Bianciardi, la protesta dello stile, Carocci, 2017, pp. 133-174 (lecture notes).

About R. Baldini, La Fondazione:
- Clelia Martignoni, Nota al testo, in R. Baldini, La Fondazione, Einaudi, 2008, pp. 57-62 e Giuseppe Bellosi, Nota alla traduzione, ivi, pp. 63-64;
- Luca Daino, Una premessa. Baldini cittadino postmoderno, in «Stratagemmi. Prospettive teatrali», 26, giugno 2013, pp. 11-24 (the essay is part of the monographic issue of the magazine Stratagemmi entitled Raffaello Baldini tra poesia e teatro, edited by Luca Daino e Maddalena Giovannelli, purchasable and downloadable at this link: https://www.stratagemmi.it/prodotto/ventisei-2013-raffaello-baldini-tra…).

Additions for non-attending studens:
- Pino Corrias, Vita agra di un anarchico. Luciano Bianciardi a Milano, Feltrinelli, 2011 (and subsequent reprints), pp. 75-153;
- Clelia Martignoni, Ancora per Raffaello Baldini, in «Stratagemmi. Prospettive teatrali», 26, giu-gno 2013, pp. 25-37 (the essay is part of the monographic issue of the magazine Stratagemmi entitled Raffaello Baldini tra poesia e teatro, edited by Luca Daino e Maddalena Giovannelli, purchasable and downloadable at this link: https://www.stratagemmi.it/prodotto/ventisei-2013-raffaello-baldini-tra…).
Assessment methods and Criteria
The exam consists of an oral interview on the topics of the program. The knowledge of the main topics will be evaluated, the acquisition of the basic methodological tools for the interpretation of literary texts and the ability to apply them appropriately and autonomously to the texts in the program.
Teaching Unit 1
L-FIL-LET/11 - CONTEMPORARY ITALIAN LITERATURE - University credits: 3
Lessons: 20 hours
Teaching Unit 2
L-FIL-LET/11 - CONTEMPORARY ITALIAN LITERATURE - University credits: 3
Lessons: 20 hours
Teaching Unit 3
L-FIL-LET/11 - CONTEMPORARY ITALIAN LITERATURE - University credits: 3
Lessons: 20 hours

O-Z gruppo 2

Responsible
Lesson period
First semester
Course syllabus
Intellectuals in the Late Twentieth Century. Four Italian Self-portraits. In its monographic part (Unit I and III), the course the course will analyze two collections of journalistic texts and two narrative texts (a novel and a theatrical monologue). The four works return different aspects of the intellectual condition in Post-war Italy. The first Unit, Reviewing the World, will focus on some po-litical-social articles by Pier Paolo Pasolini, dating back to the Mid-Seventies and contained in Lettere luterane (and partly in Scritti corsari), and some articles by Giovanni Raboni, spread over a vast chronological period from the early 1960s to the early 2000s, recently collected in a broad anthology and covering Italian cultural institutions. The third Unit (second section of the monographic part of the course), Narrating Anger, Disease and Marginanlity, has as its subject a novel by Luciano Bianciardi, La vita agra, and a theater piece by Raffaello Baldini, La Fondazione: this time it is a matter of literary fiction works, which will be investigated, in parallel to the essay texts of the first module, as representations of two emblematic intellectual figures, respectively, of Italy in the early 1960s (Bianciardi's novel) and the early 2000s (the baldinian monologue).
The Unit 2, Introduction to the Sociology of Literature, devoted to the Theory of Literature and to the Sociology of Literature, will show some fundamental issues of the relationships between Literature and historical context, from a multidisciplinary point of view, studying some crucial texts of Sociology, Literary Criticism and Philosophy between 19th and 20th Centuries.
Prerequisites for admission
- The student must know the fundamental historical-social, cultural and literary dynamics in twentieth-century Italy.
- The student must have the ability to read, understand and analyze literary texts in Italian.
Teaching methods
Taught class.
Teaching Resources
PART 1
- Pier Paolo Pasolini, Lettere luterane (1976), Garzanti, 1990 (and subsequent reprints), also in Id., Saggi sulla politica e sulla società, Mondadori, 1999, pp. 537-715;
- Id., Scritti corsari, Garzanti, 1975 (only the items collected in the lecture notes);
- Giovanni Raboni, Meglio star zitti? Scritti militanti su letteratura cinema teatro, Mondadori, 2019.

Critical Bibliography:
- I recommend the study of the fundamental stages of Italian history between 1945 and 1990, to be carried out with the support of an educational book(Guido Crainz, L'Italia repubblicana, Giunti, 2000).

About P.P. Pasolini, Lettere luterane e Scritti corsari:
- Alfonso Berardinelli, Prefazione a P.P. Pasolini, Scritti corsari, Garzanti, 1990, pp. VII-XII (lecture notes);
- Guido Crainz, Prefazione a P.P. Pasolini, Lettere luterane, Garzanti, 2009, pp. 5-11 (lecture notes).

About G. Raboni, Meglio star zitti?:
- P.V. Mengaldo, Giovanni Raboni in Id., Profili di critici del Novecento, Bollati Boringhieri, 1998, pp. 107-111 (lecture notes);
- Luca Daino, Introduzione a G. Raboni, Meglio star zitti? Scritti militanti su letteratura cinema teatro, Mondadori, 2019, pp. V-XXVII.

Additions for Non-attending Students:
- Bruno Pischedda, Pasolini. «Le ragione oggettive per un impegno totale», in Id., Scrittori polemisti, Bollati Boringhieri, 2011, pp. 21-47 e 58-88 (lecture notes).
- Maria Antonietta Grignani, Approccio a Raboni critico della prosa italiana del Novecento, in A. Girardi, A. Soldani, A. Zangrandi (a cura di), Questo e altro. Giovanni Raboni dieci anni dopo (2004-2014), Quodlibet, 2016, pp. 241-263 (lecture notes).

PART 2
- G. Turchetta, Critica, letteratura e società, Carocci, Roma.
Attending students will study SIX of the twelve essays contained in the volume.
Non-attending students will study TEN of the twelve essays contained in the volume.

PART 3
- Luciano Bianciardi, La vita agra, Excogita, 2013;
- Raffaello Baldini, La Fondazione, Einaudi, 2008.

Critical Bibliography
About L. Bianciardi, La vita agra:
- Carlo Varotti, Luciano Bianciardi, la protesta dello stile, Carocci, 2017, pp. 133-174 (lecture notes).

About R. Baldini, La Fondazione:
- Clelia Martignoni, Nota al testo, in R. Baldini, La Fondazione, Einaudi, 2008, pp. 57-62 e Giuseppe Bellosi, Nota alla traduzione, ivi, pp. 63-64;
- Luca Daino, Una premessa. Baldini cittadino postmoderno, in «Stratagemmi. Prospettive teatrali», 26, giugno 2013, pp. 11-24 (the essay is part of the monographic issue of the magazine Stratagemmi entitled Raffaello Baldini tra poesia e teatro, edited by Luca Daino e Maddalena Giovannelli, purchasable and downloadable at this link: https://www.stratagemmi.it/prodotto/ventisei-2013-raffaello-baldini-tra…).

Additions for non-attending studens:
- Pino Corrias, Vita agra di un anarchico. Luciano Bianciardi a Milano, Feltrinelli, 2011 (and subsequent reprints), pp. 75-153;
- Clelia Martignoni, Ancora per Raffaello Baldini, in «Stratagemmi. Prospettive teatrali», 26, giu-gno 2013, pp. 25-37 (the essay is part of the monographic issue of the magazine Stratagemmi entitled Raffaello Baldini tra poesia e teatro, edited by Luca Daino e Maddalena Giovannelli, purchasable and downloadable at this link: https://www.stratagemmi.it/prodotto/ventisei-2013-raffaello-baldini-tra…).
Assessment methods and Criteria
The exam consists of an oral interview on the topics of the program. The knowledge of the main topics will be evaluated, the acquisition of the basic methodological tools for the interpretation of literary texts and the ability to apply them appropriately and autonomously to the texts in the program.
Teaching Unit 1
L-FIL-LET/11 - CONTEMPORARY ITALIAN LITERATURE - University credits: 3
Lessons: 20 hours
Teaching Unit 2
L-FIL-LET/11 - CONTEMPORARY ITALIAN LITERATURE - University credits: 3
Lessons: 20 hours
Teaching Unit 3
L-FIL-LET/11 - CONTEMPORARY ITALIAN LITERATURE - University credits: 3
Lessons: 20 hours