Data Analysis module (Prof. Caumo)
1. Structure of a scientific article and the role of data analysis
2. Descriptive statistics, tables, graphs, and measurement of central tendency and variability (mean, variance, standard deviation, median, percentiles, quartiles)
3. Gaussian distribution
4. Elements of inferential statistics
- Population and sample
- Estimating the mean and variance in a sample
- Estimator properties: accuracy and precision
- Central limit theorem
- Distribution of the sample mean and standard error
- Student's t distribution
- Confidence intervals
5. Hypothesis testing and statistical significance. Type I and type II errors
6. Testing the mean
7. Studies in which subjects are observed before and after treatment: Student's t-test for paired data
8. How to determine the difference in the mean values between two distinct groups: Student's t-test for non-paired data
9. Analysis of variance and Fisher-F-distribution
10. Overview of alternative to t-tests and analysis of variance on ranks
11. Analyzing the relationship between two variables: correlation and regression
12. Analysis of categorical data: chi-squared test
Strength and Endurance modules (Prof. Alberti & La Torre)
1. Evaluation of motor skills in sports
2. The evaluation process
3. Assessment tools and means in sports
4. Evaluation and anthropometric factors
5. Evaluation of coordinative and conditional aspects
6. Evaluation of motor skills in schoolchildren
7. Sports evaluation in childhood and in special sports areas
1. Purpose and utility of evaluation
2. The process, expression, and interpretation of measurement
3. The concept of "internal load" and strategies for measuring it; perception of strength
4. The concept of "internal load" and strategies for measuring it; heart rate
5. General aerobic tests
6. Tests for determining lactic acid threshold
7. Sport-specific aerobic tests
8. Anaerobic threshold: facts and theories. The concepts of ventilator threshold and lactic acid threshold
9. Overview of the main methods for measuring anaerobic threshold in the field, theoretical and practical aspects
10. Conconi test, Mader test, modified Mognoni test
11. Endurance tests in team sports
12. Monitoring endurance during training
1. Measurement and expression of strength
2. Inexpensive conventional and innovative evaluation methods
3. Vertical and horizontal jump test
4. Evaluation using the accelerometer
5. Balance tests
6. Joint mobility evaluation
7. Squat test and its variants
8. Power tests for situational and team sports
9. Evaluation of acceleration and speed capacity
10. Evaluation of speed in individual and team sports
11. Evaluation of stride rhythm
12. Evaluation of stride as a predictor of sprint performance
Prerequisites for admission
No previous knowledge is necessary insofar as graduate students will have passed their admissions interview in which they demonstrated their knowledge level, as required by study regulations.
For the Data Analysis module, frontal lessons alternate theoretical lectures and practical exercises in preparation for the final exam. For the Strength and Endurance modules, the theoretical content is presented via frontal lectures with the aid of computers and multimedia support. The practical exercises in some topics are conducted at sports facilities.
The reference material consists of the material presented during the lectures (pdf documents uploaded onto the Ariel portal). Additional material for further reading can be found in the Tutorial section on the Ariel portal.
Advised (not compulsory) reading list:
1) Marc M. Triola e Mario F. Triola - Statistica per le discipline biosanitarie, Pearson Editore.
2) S. A. Glantz- Statistica per le Discipline Biomediche, McGraw-Hill Editore.
3) David S. Moore - Statistica di base, Apogeo Editore.
READING LIST FOR THE STRENGTH AND ENDURANCE MODULES
1. Alberti G., Garufi M., Silvaggi N.: "L'allenamento della forza a bassa velocità: il metodo della serie lenta a scalare" Calzetti e Mariucci Editori, luglio 2012.
2. Alberti G.: "Rivalutazione della ginnastica respiratoria a scuola" Franco Angeli Editore, 2016.
3. Bangsbo J.: "La preparazione fisico-atletica del calciatore"- Calzetti-Mariucci, Perugia, 2008.
4. Bate D. e Jeffreys I.: "Soccer Speed"- Human Kinetics, Champaign, 2015.
5. Bosco C.: "La valutazione della forza con il test di Bosco" - S.S.S.; Roma, 1990.
6. Cometti G., Cometti D.: La pliometria, origini, teorie, allenamento; edizione italiana a cura di Alberti G. - Calzetti-Mariucci; Perugia, 2010.
7. Comfort P., Jones P.A., McMahon J.J.: "Performance Assessment in Strength and Conditioning"- Routledge, 2018.
8. Dal Monte A., Faina M.: "Valutazione dell'atleta - Analisi funzionale e biomeccanica della capacità di prestazione" - UTET, 1999.
9. Evangelista P.: "DCSS Power Mechanics for power Lifters" - Sandro Ciccarelli Editore, Napoli 2011
10. Komi P.V.: "Strength and power in sport" - second edition - Edited by P.V. Komi, Blakwell Science; Oxford, 2005.
11. La Torre A.et al.: "Allenare per vincere" - SDS edizioni, Roma 2016.
12. "Performance Assessment in Strength and Conditioning" - 1st Edition, Edited by Comfort P., Jones P.A., McMahon J.J., Routledge, 2018.
13. Reilly T.: "Youth Soccer, From Science to Performance"- Routledge, New York, 2004.
14. Weineck J.: "L'allenamento ottimale" - Calzetti-Mariucci; Perugia, 2009
15. Winter E.M: et al. : "Test per lo sport e l'attività fisica", edizione italiana a cura di Roi G.S. - Calzetti-Mariucci; Perugia, 2010.
Other materials mentioned during lectures will be uploaded on the Ariel portal.
Assessment methods and Criteria
Data Analysis module: written exam, 1 hour allowed, 31 multiple choice questions. Grading: 30 and with honors for 31 correct answers, 30 for 30 correct answers, and so on down. The questions will cover the entire course content. Students are required to bring Student's Z and T tables, a calculator, and correction fluid to the exam; use of a mobile phone calculator is not allowed.
Strength and Endurance modules: written exam, 1.5 hours allowed. The questions will cover the entire course content. Students will select one question from among the three on each topic (one for Strength and one for Endurance). The final grade is expressed in 30/30 and based on the mean of the grades for the exams on Data Analysis, Strength, and Endurance.