To introduce physical quantities and processes which control the state and the dynamical evolution of the atmosphere surrounding objects of historical, artistic, cultural interest. The focus will be (1) on the effects of the variability of temperature, humidity, radiation, air pollution on cultural heritage and (2) on the monitoring techniques of micro-meteorology.
Expected learning outcomes
Ability to read technical and scientific texts about measuring instruments, monitoring procedures, data analysis, physical processes related to the interaction of cultural heritage with surrounding atmosphere. Ability to recognize the effects of microclimate and air quality on the cultural heritage.
Lesson period: Second semester
(In case of multiple editions, please check the period, as it may vary)
1) Microclimate, air, temperature, humidity (basic thermodynamics applied to the study of closed spaces and to conservation practice). Methods of measurement and monitoring of temperature and humidity. 2) Description of air masses and of vertical motions (equivalent, potential and virtual temperature, adiabatic gradient, atmosphere stability). Methods of measurement and monitoring of wind and air circulation indoor. 3) Radiation. Natural and artificial illumination. Methods of measurement and monitoring of radiation. 4) Physics of condensation and rainfall. Methods of measurements of rainfall. 5) Dispersion of pollutants and atmospheric instability. Dry and wet deposition.
Prerequisites for admission
Basic knowledge of physics
Lectures and survey in a museum, exhibition rooms or similar spaces to assess the microclimatic conditions
Textbook D. Camuffo (2013) Microclimate for Cultural Heritage, 2nd Edition - Conservation, Restoration, and Maintenance of Indoor and Outdoor Monuments. Elsevier
Additional readings G. Thomson (1986) The Museum Environment, 2nd Edition. Butterworth-Heinemann Series in Conservation and Museology. P.S. Arya (2001). Introduction to micrometeorology. Academic press. T. Foken (2008) Micrometeorology. Springer.
Assessment methods and Criteria
Written (Report on the survey for attending students; 4 multiple-choice questions and 2 couples of open-ended questions for non-attending students)