Philosophy of law

A.Y. 2019/2020
9
Max ECTS
63
Overall hours
SSD
IUS/20
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The course aims to introduce students to the fundamental philosophical-juridical concepts, to the main philosophical theories and to the state of the art of contemporary philosophical-juridical discussion, and to favor the acquisition of awareness of the philosophical dimension of many legal problems.
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the course, students will have learned the fundamental elements of the contemporary philosophical-juridical discussion; will have reached the ability to develop an appropriate philosophical-legal analysis of the issues; will be aware, thanks to the discussion in the classroom, of the need to use a rigorous language and an adequate ability for argumentation in the presentation of problems; will have acknownledged the need for a methodologically correct approach to the law.
Course syllabus and organization

Cognomi A-C

Responsible
Lesson period
Second semester
Course syllabus
The course will focus on some fundamental legal concepts very important to become legally qualified: legal right; norm; legal system; legal reasoning; normative hierarchies; rule of law and constitutional state. The fundamental legal concepts will be studied through the main conceptions of law (for example: legal positivism, natural law theory, legal realism). The conceptions of law will also address the problem of the relationship between law and morality. Particular attention will be paid to the topic of legal interpretation.
Integration of the programme:
For students coming from Science of Legal Services, it will be necessary an interview on N. Bobbio, Diritto e potere, Giappichelli (except chapter 4).
Prerequisites for admission
The exam is in the first year, second semester, so there are no specific prerequisites other than those required for access to the degree course.
Chair changes must be authorized by both teachers involved, upon request to be made after the start of the course and within the first two weeks of the course.
Teaching methods
The teaching includes lectures with students involvement.
Attendance is optional, but recommended.
Teaching Resources
For attending and non-attending students.
-R. GUASTINI, Filosofia del diritto positivo. Lezioni, edited by V. Velluzzi, Turin, Giappichelli, 2017, the whole book;
or as an alternative:
-M. JORI and A. PINTORE, Introduzione alla filosofia del diritto, Turin, Giappichelli, 2014, except the Chapter VIII (semiotica giuridica);
To one of the two books indicated must be added the study of the following volume:
-A. SCHIAVELLO and V. VELLUZZI (edited by), Il positivismo giuridico contemporaneo. Una antologia, Turin, Giappichelli, 2005, limited to the pages: from 3 to 20; from 24 to 95; from 117 to 203; 229 to 248 (According to essays by Kelsen, Hart and Ross in part I; to the two essays of part II; to Hart's essay in part III; to the introduction to part I excluding the last paragraph; to the introduction of part II).
Assessment methods and Criteria
Oral exam, with evaluation expressed in thirtieths plus possible praise.
There is no ongoing verification.
The exam aims to verify the knowledge of the fundamental concepts and theories of the subject, the ability to organize this knowledge discursively, the ability to develop a critical reasoning on the contents of the subject, the quality of the exposure and the lexicon used.
Chair changes must be authorized by both teachers involved, upon request within the first two weeks of the course.
IUS/20 - PHILOSOPHY OF LAW - University credits: 9
Lessons: 63 hours
Professor: Velluzzi Vito

Cognomi D-L

Lesson period
Second semester
Course syllabus
The course will be devoted to discussion of legal cases (real and imaginary) and to the reading of some classics in ancient and contemporary philosophy of law. Text will be will be assigned and discussed during classes. The course will deal with three fundamental questions in philosophy of law: What is justice? What is law?

Analytical program

Two main philosophical questions about law: (i) What is justice? (ii) What is law? What is justice? Justice as legality.The problem of unjust laws. Positive law and naturale law. The thesis of natural law and its negation. Justice as equality. What is law? Normativism vs. sociological jurisprudence. Law as a system of norms. Kelsen's pure theory of law. Nomostatycs and nomodynamics. Validity: concepts and conditions. Relationships between validity and efficacy. Natural law theory. The phenomenological approach to law. Juridical reality and basic reality. Juridical reality, institutions, rules. Deontic structure of juridical reality. Constituive rules and institutional facts. Language and juridical reality.
Prerequisites for admission
Nessuna
Teaching methods
Classroom-taught lessons
Teaching Resources
For students who will attend the course from Giurisprudenza and Studi umanistici (CFU 9):

Some materials will be given by the instructor at the beginning of the course. The following two books are also mandatory

1. Hans Kelsen, Lineamenti di dottrina pura del diritto. Torino, Einaudi, 2000 (da p. 1 a p. 116).
2. A second book that will be indicated at the beginning of the course.

For students who will not attend the course from Giurisprudenza and Studi umanistici (CFU 9), the following two books are mandatory:

1. Amedeo Giovanni Conte/Paolo Di Lucia/Luigi Ferrajoli/Mario Jori, Filosofia del diritto. Edited by Paolo Di Lucia. Milano, Raffaello Cortina, 2013.
The following fifteen essays are mandatory:

(i) on law and justice:

1. Giorgio Del Vecchio, La giustizia (pp. 61-78)
2. Giuseppe Rensi, L'essenza della giustizia (pp.133-139)
3. Chaïm Perelman, La giustizia formale (pp. 141-158)
4. Gustav Radbruch, Ingiustizia legale e diritto sovralegale (pp. 159-173)
5. Felix E. Oppenheim, Metaetica del diritto naturale (pp. 345-353)

(ii) on the concept of law:

6. Hans Kelsen, Dottrina pura del diritto (pp. 115-132)
7. Uberto Scarpelli, Semantica del linguaggio normativo (pp. 303-318)
8. Eugen Ehrlich, Sociologia del diritto (pp. 51-60)
9. Antonio Pigliaru, La vendetta barbaricina (pp. 321-328)
10. Alf Ross, Norme giuridiche e regole degli scacchi (pp. 265-280)

(iii) on the nature of juridical reality:

11. Adolf Reinach, I fondamenti a priori del diritto (pp. 23-37)
12. Wesley N. Hohfeld, Concetti giuridici fondamentali (pp. 39-50)
13. Czesław Znamierowski, Atti thetici e norme costruttive (pp. 79-87)
14. Santi Romano, Realtà giuridica (pp. 175-193)
15. Karl Olivecrona, Performativi giuridici (pp. 413-432)

2. A second book chosen between the following:

2.1. Hans Kelsen, Lineamenti di dottrina pura del diritto. Torino, Einaudi, 2000 (da p. 1 a p. 116).
2.2. Hans Kelsen, Che cos'è la giustizia? Lezioni americane. A cura di Paolo Di Lucia e Lorenzo Passerini Glazel. Macerata, Quodlibet, 2015 (da p. 1 a p. 156).
2.3. Amedeo Giovanni Conte, Filosofia del linguaggio normativo. II. Studi 1982-1994. Torino, Giappichelli, 1995 (sono da studiare i capitoli 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 21).
2.4. Uberto Scarpelli, Saggi di filosofia giuridica. Pisa, ETS, in corso di edizione.
2.5. John R. Searle, Il mistero della realtà. Milano, Raffaello Cortina Editore, 2019 (sono da studiare le lezioni 1, 3, 6, 7, 8 , 9).

For students who will attend and for students who will not attend the course from Giurisprudenza and Studi umanistici (CFU 6), the following two books are mandatry:

1. Amedeo Giovanni Conte/Paolo Di Lucia/Luigi Ferrajoli/Mario Jori, Filosofia del diritto. Edited by di Paolo Di Lucia. Milano, Raffaello Cortina, 2013. The folllowing nine essays are mandatory:

(i) on law and justice:

1. Giorgio Del Vecchio, La giustizia (pp. 61-78)
2. Chaïm Perelman, La giustizia formale (pp. 141-158)
3. Gustav Radbruch, Ingiustizia legale e diritto sovralegale (pp. 159-173)

(ii) on the concept of law:

4. Hans Kelsen, Dottrina pura del diritto (pp. 115-132)
5. Alf Ross, Norme giuridiche e regole degli scacchi (pp. 265-280)
6. Antonio Pigliaru, La vendetta barbaricina (pp. 321-328)

(iii) on the nature of juridical reality:

7. Adolf Reinach, I fondamenti a priori del diritto (pp. 23-37)
8. Czesław Znamierowski, Atti thetici e norme costruttive (pp. 79-87)
9. Karl Olivecrona, Performativi giuridici (pp. 413-432)

2. A second book chosen between the following:

2.1. Hans Kelsen, Lineamenti di dottrina pura del diritto. Torino, Einaudi, 2000 (da p. 1 a p. 116).
2.2. Hans Kelsen, Che cos'è la giustizia? Lezioni americane. A cura di Paolo Di Lucia e Lorenzo Passerini Glazel. Macerata, Quodlibet, 2015 (da p. 1 a p. 156).
2.3. Amedeo Giovanni Conte, Filosofia del linguaggio normativo. II. Studi 1982-1994. Torino, Giappichelli, 1995 (sono da studiare i capitoli 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 21).
2.4. Uberto Scarpelli, Saggi di filosofia giuridica. Pisa, ETS, in corso di edizione.
2.5. John R. Searle, Il mistero della realtà. Milano, Raffaello Cortina Editore, 2019 (sono da studiare le lezioni 1, 3, 6, 7, 8 , 9).

Per ogni ulteriore informazione si invitano gli studenti a consultare la pagina web del corso http://bit.ly/fildir2019-2020 o http://bit.ly/materialidilucia
Assessment methods and Criteria
Oral exam
IUS/20 - PHILOSOPHY OF LAW - University credits: 9
Lessons: 63 hours

Cognomi M-Q

Responsible
Lesson period
Second semester
Course syllabus
The teaching program provides for the presentation and discussion of the following topics:
The case of speleologists as an introduction to philosophical-juridical problems.
The concept of law.
Conceptions of law.
Legal concepts.
Law and language.
Law and force.
The legal norm.
The legal interpretation.
Legal systems.
Justice and legality.
The relationship between law and morals.
Prerequisites for admission
Being a first year, second semester exam, there are no specific prerequisites other than those required for access to the degree course.
Chair changes must be authorized by both teachers involved, upon request to be made after the start of the course and within the first two weeks of the course.
Teaching methods
The teaching includes lectures with strong student involvement, in the form of group discussions initiated by the teacher or by the students themselves.
Attendance is optional, but strongly recommended.
Teaching Resources
For attending students, the exam will focus on the texts::
1. M. Barberis, Una filosofia del diritto per lo stato costituzionale, Torino, Giappichelli, 2017;
2. A. Porciello (a cura di), Il caso degli speleologi di Lon L. Fuller e alcuni nuovi punti di vista, Rubbettino, 2012.
3. Study material distributed in class promptly uploaded on Ariel.

For non-attending students, the exam will focus on the texts:
1. M. Jori, A. Pintore, Introduzione alla filosofia del diritto, Torino, Giappichelli, 2015 (excluding chapter Semiotica giuridica);
2. H. Kelsen, Lineamenti di dottrina pura del diritto, Torino, Einaudi, 2000;
3. H. L. A. Hart, Il concetto di diritto, Torino, Einaudi, 2002 (excluding chapters VII and X, and the Poscript).

For students from Sciences of Legal Services, it will be necessary to take an oral interview on N. Bobbio, Diritto e potere Giappichelli (excluding chapter 4)
Assessment methods and Criteria
Oral exam, with evaluation expressed in thirtieths plus possible praise.
There is no ongoing verification.
The exam aims to verify the knowledge of the fundamental concepts and theories of the subject, the ability to organize this knowledge discursively, the ability to develop a critical reasoning on the contents of the subject, the quality of the exposure and the lexicon used.
IUS/20 - PHILOSOPHY OF LAW - University credits: 9
Lessons: 63 hours
Professor: Del Bo' Corrado

Cognomi R-Z

Lesson period
Second semester
Course syllabus
The course aims to acquaint students with a number of issues related to interpretation, which have presented themselves over time, and tries to give them the basic tools of both legal comprehension and communication.
We will focus on:
- legal positivism
- law and language
- Kelsen Unbestimmtheit (indeterminacy)
- Open texture (Waismann and Hart)
- Generality and unspecific meaning
- rules and principles
- balancing principles: the delusion of weighting formulas
Prerequisites for admission
No prior knowledge is required
Teaching methods
Frontal teaching.
Teaching Resources
Attending students:
1. Claudio Luzzati, Del giurista interprete. Linguaggio, tecniche e dottrine, Giappichelli, Torino 2016.
Non attending students:
1. Claudio Luzzati, Questo non è un manuale, Giappichelli, Torino 2010;
2. H. Kelsen, Lineamenti di dottrina pura del diritto, Torino, Einaudi, 2000;
3. H. L. A. Hart, Il concetto di diritto, Torino, Einaudi, 2002 (fino al cap. VII included).
Supplementary oral exam for students coming from "Scienze dei servizi"
N. Bobbio, Diritto e potere, Giappichelli (cap. 4 excluded).
Assessment methods and Criteria
Oral examination (maximum score: 30/30 cum laude). No intermediate verification will be made.
IUS/20 - PHILOSOPHY OF LAW - University credits: 9
Lessons: 63 hours