Sociology and Methods of Education on Legality

A.Y. 2019/2020
Overall hours
Learning objectives
The course aims to enhance the strategic importance of the processes of lawfulness education for the quality of democracies, with particular reference to social systems, such as the Italian one, characterized by a high presence of corruption and organized crime. Its premise is that the fight against corruption and crime must take place by operating on a vast system of cultural, elitist or widespread complicity. And that this work, instead of being peaceful, leads to conflict with models of thought, social customs and consolidated languages.To this end, it selects some analytical categories of social, legal and political thought, from Machiavelli to Gramsci, from Kelsen to Bobbio or Bourdieu, from Leopardi to Pasolini or Don Milani, to understand the mechanisms that concretely hinder the processes of education and civil progress. And it tries to draw the paths that, without any subjective reference to legality, contribute to his construction in daily life: from the attributions of meaning and value to the development of the values of solidarity and freedom or the sense of justice. In this context it contextualizes and studies educational movements, for active citizenship or anti-mafia, which have grown especially in the youth world and which appear to be potential carriers of a new public ethic as well as a renewed theory of conflict and civil modernization.
Expected learning outcomes
The course aims to provide an in-depth knowledge and understanding of the weaknesses and ambiguities of the Italian "public spirit", and the skills to recognize in one's own time the attitudes and mentalities that can positively or negatively influence the relations between civil culture and criminal phenomena
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
Third trimester
Course syllabus
In the first part the course, through an experimental and interactive approach, develops a reflection on the general relationship between educational processes and quality of social systems, with particular reference to the values ​​of freedom, responsibility and democracy. It analyzes the mass ethical, cultural and psychological factors that influence the public spirit in the Italian social and institutional context, indicating legality as a major unresolved issue in national history. The second part of the course studies the path taken in Italy by the lawfulness education movement since the end of the 20th century. It explains the birth of this movement, its close relationship with some relevant social traumas, especially related to the aggression of criminal organizations towards institutions and civil coexistence; and point out the theoretical and practical approaches with which it has been nourished. Going from the "road teachers" of Naples to the different anti-mafia didactic projects carried out in high schools or to the path of re-socialization in prisons, the course progressively enumerates the most innovative educational strands expressed by the recent Italian reality. And it hosts witnesses of experiences realized in the most problematic urban and social contexts to acquire new cognitive perspectives and new ideas of general theory. To that end it problematizes the relationship of these educational strands with the main cultural and ethical problems of Italian society, trying to verify their possible sintonies with the social and civil movements ongoing in the national and international context.
Prerequisites for admission
There are no particular requirements
Teaching methods
Integrated lessons from testimonials on significant experiences and from visits to significant places, with subsequent analyzes and classroom discussions, open to the presentation of written contributions.
Teaching Resources
Per la prima parte un testo a scelta tra:
Luigi Ciotti, La speranza non è in vendita, Edizioni Gruppo Abele-Giunti, Torino-Firenze, 2011 (a cui aggiungere, dello stesso autore, L'eresia della verità, Edizioni Gruppo Abele, Torino, 2017)
Gherardo Colombo, Il vizio della memoria, Feltrinelli, Milano, 2003
Per la seconda parte un testo a scelta tra:
Augusto Cavadi, A scuola di antimafia, Di Girolamo, Trapani,2007;
Carla Melazzini, Insegnare al principe di Danimarca, Sellerio, Palermo, 2011

Recommended readings
One chosen from the following:
AA. VV. L'impatto del teatro in carcere, Egea, Milano, 2017
Antonino Caponnetto, Io non tacerò: una vita contro la mafia, Melampo, Milano, 2011
Nando dalla Chiesa, La scuola di via Pasquale Scura, Filema, Napoli, 2004
Nando dalla Chiesa, Manifesto dell'Antimafia, Einaudi, Torino, 2014
Elvio Fassone, Fine pena ora, Sellerio, Palermo, 2015
Aurelio Grimaldi, Meri per sempre, La Luna , Palermo, 1987
don Lorenzo Milani, Lettera a una professoressa, Libreria Editrice Fiorentina, Firenze, 1976
Further teaching material will be offered and created within the course. However, it is suggested to consult the vast CROSS report on "Storia dell'educazione alla legalità nella scuola italiana" (
Assessment methods and Criteria
Oral test, with the aim of assessing the maturity of knowledge and theoretical and methodological perspectives acquired within the course and through reading the texts. Faculty to discuss, in addition, a free written reflection on the contents of the course, also in reference to the didactic and training activities carried out laterally (external testimonies, travel, visits, etc.), or in reference to educational experiences carried out independently by the student in the association or institutional field. This discussion contributes to forming the final evaluation.
Lessons: 40 hours