Course Syllabus with regard to Sociology of Law
Part I. Introduction to the Subject, Theories, Authors and Thoughts on Empirical Research
1) An introduction to the lexicon on the subject:
This course will introduce students to some of the most used expressions in Sociology of Law, to provide them with an appropriate vocabulary to use during class discussions and the final exam.
2) An introduction to the Sociology of Law:
This course will provide students with introductory elements of knowledge about the main theorethical models that inform the subject and will mention different point of views with regard to its conceptual and scientific framework.
3) An analysis of a few authors that have contributed more relevantly to the subject:
This course will analyse authors' most relevant contributions to the subect, through an examination of the relationships between sociology of law and the other social sciences, for example anthropology (not only legal anthropology). It will show that the authors and theories that are usually framed within one or the other subject have historically influenced each other. The course will focus in particular on the thories of Joan Jacob Bachofen, Max Weber, Henry Sumner Maine, Émile Durkheim, Bronislaw Malinowsky, Paul Bohannan, Max Gluckman, Clifford Gertz and Lawrence Rosen.
4) Insights into Max Weber's writings:
This course will examine the scientific contributions that Max Weber has made to the subject, by focusing on the writings by and on Weber that are mentioned in the reading list.
5) Thoughts on empirical research:
This course will focus on the social research methods that are most frequently used and on the in class analysis of a few empirical researches.
Part II. A Few Themes Crucial for the Sociology of Law
a) Efficacy of law (an analysis of the concepts of efficacy and impact, with special reference to the theories by Vincenzo Ferrari and Lawrence M. Friedman);
b) Power (with special reference to the concepts of power and hegemony, the use of power, and the theories by Weber and Gramsci);
d) Legal culture (with special reference to the theories by Lawrence Friedman and Roger Cotterrell);
e) Legal pluralism (with special reference to the theories of the so-called classics (among whom Georges Gurvitch, Santi Romano, and Antonio Pigliaru), the horizontal (Sally Falk Moore) and vertical (Leopold Pospíŝil) conceptions of legal pluralism and the concepts of interlegality (Boaventura de Sousa Santos), strong and weak legal pluralism (John Griffiths), and global legal pluralism (eg. Anne Griffiths, William Twining and Gunther Teubner);
f) Fundamental rights;
g) Legal professions.
Part III. Monographic Part: Illiberal Democracy in a Law and Politics Perspective
In this part of the course socio-legal considerations moving from the book "La sindrome ungherese in Europa. Media, diritto e democrazia in un'analisi di Law and Politics" (by Lucia Bellucci) on how, within the democratic rules of game and following formally democratic forms, democracies that have been defined as "illiberal" can be born. Moving from the studied book chapters a reflection on the borders of democracy and cases where, despite the imperfections of democracy, we are still confronted with a democratic state, thus showing that Sociology of Law can give a relevant contribution to this discussion.
Programme for Non Attending Students:
Besides studying all the readings mentioned for the attending students, non attending students will acquire a few theoretical foundations of the course even through the study of the pages related to Ferdinand Tönnies, Emile Durkheim, and Karl Marx, which are included in Renato Treves, Sociologia del diritto. Orgine, ricerche e problemi, Einaudi, Torino (1987)1996, pp. 48-60 and pp. 69-76, that are mentioned in the reading list.
Course Syllabus with regard to Legal Informatics
The aim of this course is to expose students to an approach to the correct use of technology by the jurist, in order to significantly improve their IT-legal skills and to allow independent evaluation procedures that will be useful for the future professional context. The program will be divided into ten lessons of two hours each, during which the lecturer will explain questions relating to: i) data governance, ii) data protection and GDPR, iii) digital public administration, iv) open data, v) electronic voting, vi) digital signatures, vii) PEC, viii) digital single markets and law, ix) e-commerce, x) sharing economy, xi) smart contracts, xii) the blockchain, xiii) artificial intelligence, xiv) cryptocurrencies, xv) machine learning and the use of DLTs.
· First lesson (2 hours): legal security and information technology: from the Privacy Code to the GDPR, data protection in the information society.
· Second lesson (2 hours): the GDPR and the main requirements.
· Third lesson (2 hours): GDPR, risk analysis and safety measures.
· Fourth lesson (2 hours): digital public administration.
· Fifth lesson (2 hours): open data and electronic voting.
· Sixth lesson (2 hours): the digital single market.
· Seventh lesson (2 hours): the sharing economy.
· Eighth lesson (2 hours): the legal issues of e-commerce.
· Ninth lesson (2 hours): the blockchain and distributed records.
· Tenth lesson (2 hours): artificial intelligence and machine learning.
Prerequisites for admission
Prerequisites for Admission
Since the course is given in the first year, first semester, it does not require propedeutic courses/specific prerequisits.
The Bibliography/Reading List with regard to Sociology of Law
The reading list concerning Sociology of Law consists of a total of 306 pages for attending students and 327 pages for non attending students plus 4 sets of slides by prof Bellucci for all students.
Book Chapters and Articles
● Vincenzo Ferrari, Lineamenti di sociologia del diritto. I. Azione giuridica e sistema normativo, Laterza, Roma-Bari 1999, pp. 6-36 (31 pp.) and pp. 260-269 (10 pp.) (a total of 41 pp.)
● Vincenzo Ferrari, Sociologia del diritto, in Digesto, vol. XVIII Civile, 4th ed. UTET 1999, pp. 567-575 (9 pp.)
● Realino Marra, "Per una scienza di realtà del diritto (contro il feticismo giuridico) [second part]", Materiali per una storia della cultura giuridica, year XXXIX, n. 1, 2009, pp. 1-30) (30 pp.)
● Carla Faralli, Presentazione. Sez. I. Henry Sumner Maine nella cultura giuridica dell'Ottocento, in Henry Sumner Maine, Diritto antico, Vincenzo Ferrari (ed.), Giuffrè 1998, pp. V-XXI. (17 pp.)
● Vincenzo Ferrari, Presentazione. Sez. III. H.S. Maine precursore della sociologia del diritto, in Henry Sumner Maine, Diritto antico, Vincenzo Ferrari (ed.), Giuffrè 1998, pp. XXXVII-LI (14 pp.)
● Realino Marra, Introduzione. Max Weber giurista, in Realino Marra (ed.), Max Weber. Sulla storia delle società commerciali nel medioevo (in base a fonti dell'Europa meridionale), Atti dell'Accademia nazionale dei Lincei, Bardi edizioni, Roma 2016, pp. 129-143 (15 pp.)
● Realino Marra, La libertà degli ultimi uomini. Studi sul pensiero giuridico e politico di Max Weber, Giappichelli, Torino 1995, pp. 151-169 [chapter on Le condizioni evolutive del diritto razionale] (19 pp.)
● Kenneth D. Bailey, Metodi della ricerca sociale, italian edition edited by Maurizio Rossi, Il Mulino, Bologna (1985) 1995, pp. 22-36 (15 pp.)
● Vincenzo Ferrari, Funzioni del diritto, Laterza, Roma-Bari 1992, pp. 38-41 and 95-97 (a total of 7 pp.)
● Lawrence M. Friedman, Il sistema giuridico nella prospettiva delle scienze sociali, traduzione di Giovanni Tarello, Il Mulino, Bologna 1978, pp. 101-131 (30 pp.)
● Amedeo Cottino, Diritto e diritti, in Amedeo Cottino (a cura di), Lineamenti di sociologia del diritto, Zanichelli 2016 (5th reprint), pp. 399-402 (4 pp.)
● Vincenzo Ferrari, Diritto e Società. Elementi di sociologia del diritto, Laterza, Roma-Bari 2004, pp. 104-109 (6 pp.) and pp. 109-114 (6 pp.) and 150-154 (5 pp.) (a total of 17 pp.)
● Cecilia Blengino, Cultura giuridica interna e cultura giuridica esterna [section on L'avvocatura], in Amedeo Cottino (ed.), Lineamenti di sociologia del diritto, Zanichelli 2016 (5th reprint), pp. 183-188 (6 pp.)
● Lucia Bellucci, La sindrome ungherese in Europa. Media, diritto e democrazia in un'analisi di Law and Politics, Giuffrè, Milano 2018, pp. 1-82 (the introduction and first three chapters) (82 pp.)
Slides by Prof Lucia Bellucci
● Introductory slides;
● Slides on the reciprocal influences/on the relationships between Sociology of Law and other social sciences;
● Slides on the notion of legal pluralism;
● Slides on the notion of power.
For Non Attending Students:
Besides the texts that the reading list mentions for attending students, non attending students will also study the pages concerning Ferdinand Tönnies, Emile Durkheim, and Karl Marx, included in the book Renato Treves, Sociologia del diritto. Origine, ricerche e problemi, Einaudi, Torino (1987) 1996, pp. 48-60 (13 pp.) and pp. 69-76 (8 pp.) (a total of 21 pp.), which can be found on the Ariel website of the course.
The readings will be available on the Ariel website of the course, with the exception of the text "La sindrome ungherese in Europa. Media, diritto e democrazia in un'analisi di Law and Politics". All slides mentioned in the programme are available both for attending and non attending students on the Ariel website of the course.
The Bibliography/Reading List with regard to Legal Informatics
Concerning Legal Informatics students will study on the following text:
P. Perri, G. Ziccardi (edited by), Tecnologia e diritto. Legal Informatics, Volume II (2019), Giuffrè, Milan, 2019.
The text will be studied in full except for the following chapters:
· Chapter V
· Chapter IX
· Chapter XIII
· Chapter XV
· Chapter XVIII
· Chapter XXI
· Chapter XXIII
· Chapter XXIV
· Chapter XXVII
· Chapter XXXII