Sports technologies and fitness

A.Y. 2019/2020
Overall hours
Learning objectives
The course provides essentials for professional orientation in the fitness and health market, as regards services offered on an individual or group basis in fitness centers, sports clubs, and recreation centers. Topics include types of equipment, methods, and technologies for training that meet user/customer needs: maintenance, improvement, and recovery of physical performance, weight loss, psychophysical relaxation, etc.
Expected learning outcomes
Students will acquire knowledge in:
· Classification, specificity, nomenclature of exercises and machines for exercising muscle groups and joints
· Evaluation of initial physical condition, monitoring, and achievement of agreed goals
· Methods and technologies used in fitness and wellness programs based on identified goals
· Methodological criteria for the application of techniques and specific interventions
· Creating personal fitness plans for healthy adults
· Client care and management
Course syllabus and organization


Lesson period
Course syllabus
- Concepts of fitness and wellness, and their changes in response to the demands of modern society and future prospects
- Classification, theory, technique, and didactics of overloading exercises (free weights and isotonic machines): principles, correct execution, didactic approach, assistance, and practical exercises
- Definition and structure of gym workout charts for fitness
- Elements in teaching Olympic weightlifting
- Equipment and innovative methods for teaching neuromuscular cognitive training (relaxing)
- Proprioceptivity: principles, objectives, proprioceptive training of balance with/without perturbation
- Posture evaluation in fitness (tests and methods)
- Muscle stretching : principal methods (static, dynamic); concept of muscle chains and application to global decompensated stretching
- Methods and techniques for psychophysical relaxation (meditation, autogenic training and its variants)
- Specific methods (e.g., Pilates)
- Functional fitness: principles, objectives (floor exercises, calisthenics, with/without equipment, TRX, kettlebell, Crossfit)
- Functional evaluation in fitness (children, adults, older adults)
- Evaluation of anthropometric characteristics and body composition (main methods in fitness)
- Cardiopulmonary evaluation in fitness/principles and techniques for cardiorespiratory conditioning (aerobic training)
- Use of wearable technologies/devices and smart apps in fitness (monitoring of training, energy expenditure during physical activity)
- Social-communicative aspects
- Social psychology in approach to the client/user
- Business management
- Definition of a company, and fitness business models in particular
- Classification of fitness centers
- Evaluation criteria of a fitness center and the commercial fitness sector
- Areas of competence
- Fitness population
- Marketing mix (four Ps: product, price, promotion, place)
- Definition and classification of the product
- Services delivered and perceived
- Sales in a fitness center: the tour
- Forms for commercial businesses

Unit 1. Technical training
- Concepts of fitness and wellness, and their changes in response to the demands of modern society and future prospects
- Single and multiple joint movement
- Classification of strength exercises (basic and complementary exercises for the extension muscle chain and flexion muscle chain and specific muscle areas)
- Theory, technique, and didactics of floor exercises for conditioning and strength training (abs-glutes-thighs gymnastics) and on machines
- Principles and techniques of cardiorespiratory conditioning (aerobics)
- Contraindication, common errors, assistance, active and passive prevention
- Global and segmental stretching, proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation in floor exercises with/without equipment (Pancafit® bench), comparison of study results
- Methods and techniques for muscle relaxation
- Functional fitness: principles, objectives (introduction to practice in the TRX method and kettlebell)
- Proprioceptive gymnastics: principles, objectives
Unit 2. Theory
Theoretical analysis of the topics covered in Unit 1.
- Organization of the proprioceptive nervous system (1 lesson)
- Posture evaluation (1 lesson)
- Evaluation of body composition: theoretical underpinnings of anthropoplicometry and impedentiometry (1 lesson)
- Acute and chronic effect of stretching (1 lesson)
- Evaluation of cardiofitness in the gym and planning of goal-oriented training (2 lessons)
- Muscle hypertrophy: theoretical concepts and methods for muscle development (2 lessons)
Prerequisites for admission
No previous knowledge required
Teaching methods
Frontal lectures, technical training, exercises, workgroups
Teaching Resources

Suggested books

Alter M.J. - Science of stretching, Human Kinetics Books, Champaign, Illinois
Bosco C. - La Forza Muscolare Aspetti fisiologici ed applicazioni pratiche, Società Stampa Sportiva
Roi G.S - Manuale di Cardiofitness, Alea Edizioni Milano
Toso B. - Back School Neck Scholl Bone School , Edi Ermes Milano
Umili A. Urso A. - Le basi scientifiche del potenziamento muscolare, Società Stampa Sportiva

Testi di consultazione
Mc Ardle W.D, Katch F.I, Katch V.L - Fisiologia applicata allo sport, Casa Editrice Ambrosiana
SharKey B.J - Fisiologia del Benessere, Edra Milano
Wirhed R. - Anatomia del movimento e abilità atletica, Edi Ermes Editore, Milano
Kotler P. - Marketing management, Pearson editore
Fiocca R. Sebastiani R. - Politiche di marketing, Hoepl
Kapandji I.A. - Fisiologia articolare, vol 1-3, Monduzzi Editore.

Manuali e guide pratiche
Calì S. - Body Building Corso Completo, De Vecchi Editore
Capobianco-Lanzani - Stretching, Alea Edizioni Milano
Cianti G. - Stretching, Sonzogno, Milano
Cianti G. - Fitness, Sonzogno, Milano
Delavier F. - Guida agli esercizi di muscolazione, Arcadia Edizioni
Fucci A.- Linee generali della teoria dell'allenamento sportivo Casa Editrice Scientifica Internaz.
Goodin D. , De Tomasi R. - Step Tactics, Alea Edizioni Milano
Heyward V.H - Fitness - un approccio scientifico, Sporting Club L. Da Vinci Ed. Milano
Howley Edward T. - Don Franks B. - Manuale dell'istruttore di Fitness Calzetti Mariucci Editore, Torgiano PG
Marchi I. - Training autogeno, Demetra , Giunti Gruppo Editoriale, Firenze
Mc Atee - P.N.F. tecniche di stretching facilitato Calzetti Mariucci Editore, Torgiano PG
Mosca U.- Manuale Professionale di Stretching Tecniche di allungamento muscolare per applicazioni cliniche e sportive, Red Edizioni
Prentice Bill - P.N.F. facilitazione propriocettiva neuromuscolare Calzetti Mariucci Editore, Torgiano PG
Roi G.S., Groppi R. - 99 esercizi addominali, Alea Edizioni Milano
Selby A. - Herdman A. - Pilates, Corbaccio, Milano, 2000
Thompson C.W - Manuale di Chinesiologia Strutturale, Medical Books
Umili A. - Chinesiologia applicata per fitness e body building, Società stampa sportiva
Ungaro A. - Pilates, Fabbri Editori
Toso B. et al. - Tecniche di rilassamento per la Back School (n° 4 cd) , Edi Ermes Milano
Assessment methods and Criteria
Written exam
Unita' didattica 1: lezioni tecnico - addestrative
M-EDF/02 - SPORT SCIENCES AND METHODOLOGY - University credits: 5
Lessons: 35 hours
Professor: Ce' Emiliano
Professor: Ce' Emiliano
Professors: Ce' Emiliano, Codella Roberto
Professors: Ce' Emiliano, Codella Roberto
Professors: Ce' Emiliano, Codella Roberto
Professor: Ce' Emiliano
Unita' didattica 2: lezioni teoriche
M-EDF/02 - SPORT SCIENCES AND METHODOLOGY - University credits: 3
Lessons: 21 hours
Monday and Friday, from 9.00 to 17.00
Via Giuseppe Colombo 71, 2nd Building, mezzanine floor ; via Skype: emiliano_ce; via Teams: [email protected]
by appointment
LITA (Segrate)
By appointment
Via Antonio Kramer 4/A - 20129 Milano or Via Giuseppe Colombo 71, (Building #2) - 20133 Milano