The course aims to introduce students to the theoretical foundations of the idea of justice by identifying and discussing its main conceptions and legal rules. The aim is to offer a general theoretical framework within which to deal with more specific issues that affect the moral assessment of legal rules and public choices, and the decisions to be taken in dilemmas. The lessons will seek to encourage discussion in the classroom, also in order to contribute to the improvement of the students' abilities.
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the course, the student will have taken over the contents of the course, will have developed adequate argumentative skills at a philosophical and juridical level and will have acquired appropriate competences to favor the continuation of studies with a deeper awareness of the philosophical dimension of some legal problems.
Lesson period: Second semester
(In case of multiple editions, please check the period, as it may vary)
The teaching program provides for the presentation and discussion of the following topics: The idea of justice. The genealogy of justice. Formal justice and substantive justice. Justice and legality. Justice and equality. Distributive, allocative, commutative, retributive justice. Moral dilemmas and the right thing to do.
Prerequisites for admission
No specific preliminary knowledge is required.
The teaching includes lectures with strong student involvement, in the form of group discussions initiated by the teacher or by the students themselves. Attendance is optional, but strongly recommended.
For ATTENDING students, the exam will focus on the study material distributed in class and promptly uploaded on the Ariel platform.
For NON ATTENDING students, the exam will focus on the texts: 1. M. Ricciardi (ed.), L'ideale di giustizia, Milano, Università Bocconi Editore, 2010, essays by: Dworkin, Nozick, Cohen, Honoré. 2. S. Maffettone, S. Veca (eds.), L'idea di giustizia da Platone a Rawls, Roma-Bari, Laterza, 2015, essays by: Plato, Aristotle, Hobbes, Hume, Rousseau, Bentham, Mill, Sidgwick, Hart, Hayek
Assessment methods and Criteria
For attending students, the exam will be written with the possibility of oral integration. The written test (lasting 90 minutes) will include twelve questions with multiple choice answers, two open answer questions with space limit and one open answer question with no space limit. It will not be possible to use dictionaries, glossaries, manuals etc. The oral integration is optional and can raise or lower the mark of the written test by a maximum of 3 points. There is no ongoing verification.
For NON ATTENDING students the exam will be oral.
The exam aims to verify the knowledge of the fundamental concepts and theories of the subject, the ability to organize this knowledge discursively, the ability to develop a critical reasoning on the contents of the subject, the quality of the exposure and the lexicon used.
The evaluation will be expressed in thirtieths plus possible praise. In the case of the written test, it will be communicated on the Ariel platform, in compliance with the privacy legislation.