Agronomy for mountain areas

A.Y. 2020/2021
12
Max ECTS
112
Overall hours
SSD
AGR/02 AGR/13
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The lerning objectives are:
- to understand the basics of soil functioning, the main bio-geochemical cycles and its ecological role;
- to have a systemic view of the ecological role of the soil and acquire the concepts of homeostasis and resilience aimed at identifying and implementing its protection and enhancement;
- to understand the mechanisms within the soil-cultivated plant system, related to the cycles of the elements and the water cycle;
- to know the general principles of agronomy and techniques for soil cultivation, for the purpose of the sustainability of the modern farm including the improvement of meadows, pastures, and mountain pastures
- to know the meteorological guide variables and their effects on plants and vegetation, agricultural and business systems.
Expected learning outcomes
The student will be able:
- to critically read a soil analysis, formulate a judgment and be able to draw up a fertilisation plan;
- to choose the most suitable crops for the mountain environment and recognise the risk factors associated with natural disorders;
- to have a systemic view of the management of soil, water and biodiversity resources in the ecosystem context of the multifunctional farm;
- to optimise the management of agro-ecosystems with a view to sustainability and knowing how to set rational rotations and agronomic consociations, also in the key of the modern agro-forestation of the farm;
- to know how manage the modern tools of knowledge and physical-chemical analysis (sampling, analysis and monitoring of soils and waters) in order to correctly evaluate and draw up balanced plans for agronomic intervention (fertilisation, irrigation and management plans for adventitious plants) and / or weeds);
- to be able to manage and improve the pastures.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Responsible
Lesson period
First semester
AGRONOMY AND CROPS IN THE MOUNTAIN ENVIRONMENT

-Course syllabus: No variations.
-Prerequisites for admission: No variations.
-Teaching methods:
The lectures will be provided through the Microsoft Teams platform, partly synchronous and partly asynchronous. By taking into account the current laws and rules, some meetings will be organized for discussing some agronomic issues particularly interesting. Some working groups will be organized. All detailed information will be posted on the Ariel website.
-Teaching Resources: No variations.
-Assessment methods and Criteria:
The final exam will be held in oral form through Microsoft Teams platform. The three questions submitted will be related to general issues (sustainability, properties of complex systems, farming), to application of agronomic principles (agronomic plans) and to some crop.

SOIL CHEMISTRY

-Course syllabus: No variations.
-Prerequisites for admission: No variations.
-Teaching methods:
The lessons will be delivered using the Microsoft Teams platform, partly synchronous and partly asynchronous. Compatibly with the laws and regulations, some face-to-face meetings will be held aimed at discussing program topics. All detailed information will be posted on the Ariel website which is recommended to be consulted frequently.
-Teaching Resources: No variations.
-Assessment methods and Criteria:
The exam will be held remotely in oral form using the Microsoft Teams platform. 3 open questions. A maximum score of 10 points will be applied to each question. The vote is expressed out of thirty

THE FINAL MARK IS CALCULATED BY USING THE WEIGHTED AVERAGE (DEPENDING ON THE NUMBER OF CREDITS) OF THE VOTES OBTAINED IN THE 3 SINGLE MODULES
Course syllabus
-AGRONOMY AND CROPS IN THE MOUNTAIN ENVIRONMENT
Agroecology principles. Analysis of the farming system, the farm its properties and functions. Farm typologies: conventional, integrated, organic. Applied Agrometeorology. Agronomic optimization of the crop in space and time (crop rotation, agroforestry). Agronomic plans (soil preparation and tillage, sowing/planting, irrigation, stress management, fertilization); harvesting and conserving the products. Some examples of crops: cereals, pulses, fodder, industrial. Ecosystem Services, sustainability and Agenda 2030

-SOIL CHEMISTRY
-Soil definition: the soil as an open system. -The main soil functions: productive function, protective function, naturalistic function. -The soil as a three-phase system: solid, liquid and gas phase. -Minerals and rocks: non-silicate minerals, classification and structure of silicate minerals. Processes of mineral alteration. -Alteration of phyllosilicates: clays. Structure of clays: 1: 1 clays, 2: 1 clays, heterovalent isomorphic substitutions. -The soil physical properties: real and apparent texture, structure, density and porosity. - Organic matter: non-humic component and humic component, accumulation and consumption processes in relation to soil fertility. Role in soil fertility. - Soil chemical properties: adsorption and exchange: main theories; the characteristics and composition of the soil exchange complex, degree of basic saturation, specific and non-specific cationic and anionic adsorption-The soil / water ratios. - Soil / air relationships: soil as a respiratory system - Red-ox potential of the soil. -pH current and potential. Acid, saline, sodium, submerged soils. Soils with abnormal pH and their correction. Biogeochemical cycles: nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, sulfur and other meso and micro elements in relation to availability in the soil. - Fertilizers, soil improvers and corrective agents.
Prerequisites for admission
-AGRONOMY AND CROPS IN THE MOUNTAIN ENVIRONMENT
Knowledge in Ecology, Botany, Biology

-SOIL CHEMISTRY
Basic knowledge of inorganic chemistry and organic chemistry
Teaching methods
-AGRONOMY AND CROPS IN THE MOUNTAIN ENVIRONMENT
Conventional lecture, project based learning, working in small or larger groups, process simulation, complex phenomena discussion for critical thinking development

-SOIL CHEMISTRY
Lectures
Teaching Resources
-AGRONOMY AND CROPS IN THE MOUNTAIN ENVIRONMENT
Agronomia 2017. EdiSES edizioni, A cura di P.Ceccon et al.
Agronomia Ed. Poseidonia, Bocchi S. Spigarolo R. ed. 2019

-SOIL CHEMISTRY
Principles of Soil Chemistry, CRC Press; Author: Kim H.. The book is available at the library of the faculty. Slides on ARIEL
Assessment methods and Criteria
-AGRONOMY AND CROPS IN THE MOUNTAIN ENVIRONMENT
At the end of the course, the assessment will be carried out through a written test with open and closed questions

-SOIL CHEMISTRY
The written exam consists of 3 open questions. A maximum score of 10 points will be applied to each question. The vote is expressed out of thirty. The exam will last 2 hours.

THE FINAL MARK IS CALCULATED BY USING THE WEIGHTED AVERAGE (DEPENDING ON THE NUMBER OF CREDITS) OF THE VOTES OBTAINED IN THE 2 SINGLE MODULES
Agronomia e coltivazioni erbacee in ambito montano
AGR/02 - AGRONOMY AND FIELD CROPS - University credits: 0
AGR/13 - AGRICULTURAL CHEMISTRY - University credits: 0
Practicals: 16 hours
Laboratories: 16 hours
Lessons: 48 hours
Professor: Bocchi Stefano
Chimica del suolo
AGR/02 - AGRONOMY AND FIELD CROPS - University credits: 0
AGR/13 - AGRICULTURAL CHEMISTRY - University credits: 0
Lessons: 32 hours
Professor: Tambone Fulvia
Professor(s)
Reception:
3 - 7 p.m
Office at the Section of Agronomy DIPROVE
Reception:
appointment by e-mail
DiSAA - soil chemistry section - I Floor