Basis of Physics, Statistics, Epidemiology and Radiation protection

A.Y. 2020/2021
5
Max ECTS
50
Overall hours
SSD
FIS/07 MED/01 MED/36 MED/42
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
- Knowledge of the fundamentals of physics
- Knowledge of the statistical and statistical-epidemiological methodologies applied to the biomedical and clinical field.
- Knowledge of the concepts of hygiene and public health, health, disease and risk factor and prevention
- Knowledge of the main epidemiological methodologies
- Knowledge of the natural history of diseases and the prophylaxis of infectious and chronic - relevant degenerative diseases
- Promotion of hygiene and safety of people and workplaces
- Knowledge of the elements and the reference legislation relating to radiation protection.
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the course the student must have a good knowledge of the fundamentals of the basis disciplines (physics, statistics, epidemiology and radioprotection) and be familiar with the scientific method in order to approach real situations accounting for hygiene and safety regulations. The student must have skills and tools for acquiring and managing information.
Course syllabus and organization

Sezione: Bosisio Parini

Responsible
During the emergency period, lessons will take place simultaneously in a synchronous way through the Microsoft Teams platform and in physical presence and will be held in compliance with the University indications on social distancing. Some events will take place in remote asynchronous way (through Power point with audio, video recording lessons, audio recording lessons, other).

The program and reference material will not change.

The written exam will take place according to the procedures described in the dedicated section of the teaching sheet.
As per the Rector's decree of 31 July 2020, the written exam will be done in presence, guaranteeing international students, out-of-the-region students and those affected by serious diseases the possibility to do the written exam remotely, even in a different date
Prerequisites for admission
No further or different prerequisite is required than those necessary for the admission to the course of study.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The exam is written and consists of sections of multiple choice questions and / or simple exercises referring to the modules of the course and optimized for the module content and type. Each answer has a score. The test is considered passed with a score ≥ 18 in each of the sections. The final score is given by the average of the sections scores weighted by the CFU of the modules. The results of the test are available on the Ariel web page.
Applied physics
Course syllabus
-symbols, powers, orders of magnitude
-variables and functions of variables, charts, Cartesian coordinates
-vector, polar coordinates, trigonometric functions
General concepts:
-physical quantities and their dimension in the international system
Mechanics concepts:
-space, time, speed, acceleration (medium and snapshots)
-forces, laws of dynamics, mass, density
-special forces: weight, contact force, elastic force, friction, tension
-generated motions: uniform, straight and circular motion, accelerated motion, parabolic motion, varied motion, harmonic motion.
-work, power, kinetic energy, kinetic energy theorem
-conservative forces, potential energy, expression of potential energy for weight and elastic force
-mechanical energy conservation law, mechanical energy balance.
-Material point systems, center of mass. Impulsive interactions, impulse theorem and momentum.
-Torque. Equilibrium for extended bodies. Levers.
Teaching methods
Lectures accompanied by class exercises.
The slides are available in Ariel.
Teaching Resources
.The slides of the lectures will be made available on the Ariel website of the course.
Medical statistics
Course syllabus
-Brief description of the main epidemiological and clinical study designs
-Basic principles of data collection and management, qualitative and quantitative variables and their characteristics.
-Building and reading the contingency tables. Two-way tables.
-The concept of probability and risk. An application of probabilities: the measures of diagnostic accuracy (sensitivity and specificity).
-Building and reading different types of graphs: pie charts, bar charts, histograms, scatter plots.
-Measures of central tendency: mode, median, quartiles, means.
-Measures of dispersion: range, interquartile range, standard deviation, coefficient of variation.
-Measurement and interpretation of the statistical association between two qualitative variables: difference between risks, relative risk and odds ratio.
-Measurement and interpretation of the statistical association between two quantitative variables: correlation and regression.
Teaching methods
Lectures accompanied by class exercises.
The slides are available in Ariel.
Teaching Resources
Lantieri, B.L., Risso D., Ravera G. (revisione Lama N., Signoriello G.) (2007). Elementi di Statistica Medica. Milano: McGraw-Hill.
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
Course syllabus
-Physical bases, principles of radiobiology
-Radiation protection of the operator
-Radiodiagnostics: indications and contraindications to diagnostic and interventional procedures; radiation protection of patients
-Nuclear Medicine: indications and contraindications to diagnostic and therapeutic procedures; radiation protection of patients
-Radiotherapy: indications and contraindications to therapeutic procedures; radiation protection of patients
Teaching methods
Lectures accompanied by class exercises.
The slides are available in Ariel.
Teaching Resources
-Medicina Nucleare. TECNICHE - METODOLOGIE - APPLICAZIONI per studenti e medici di medicina generale. A. Cuocolo, L. Mansi, M. Salvatore, (Editori) Editore: Idelson-Gnocchi, Anno: 2010
-Orecchia R, Lucignani G, Tosi G. Elementi di radiobiologia clinica e radioprotezione Editore: Archimedica Editori, Torino. Anno: 2001
Hygiene and public health
Course syllabus
-Introduction to hygiene: purpose and areas of interest of hygiene. evolution of the concept of health; definitions of epidemiology, prevention and public health.
-From health to disease: determinants of health and disease; causes and risk factors of disease
-Natural history of transmissible and non-transmissible diseases.
-Know the state of health: sources of demographic and health data. measure the frequency of an event: the proportions, ratios and rates. morbidity measures: incidence and prevalence. other health indicators and sentinel events.
-Epidemiological methodology.
-Descriptive epidemiology: spatial and temporal distribution analysis. epidemiological surveillance.
-Analytical epidemiology: the statistical association between events. analytical studies: longitudinal (cohort and case-control) and cross-sectional studies; risk assessment.
-Experimental epidemiology: notes on preventive and therapeutic experimental studies.
-Prevention methodology: prevention and health promotion: definition and objectives. primary, secondary, tertiary prevention.
-Prevention of infectious diseases: notes on primary prevention of infectious diseases (notification, default measures, diagnostic assessment, epidemiological investigation, concepts of disinfection and sterilization). vaccines and the vaccination calendar in Italy.
Teaching methods
Lectures accompanied by class exercises.
The slides are available in Ariel.
Teaching Resources
Teaching materials provided by the teacher during class.
To further information: Barbuti, Fara et al. Igiene (3°Ed), Monduzzi Editore, 2011
Applied physics
FIS/07 - APPLIED PHYSICS - University credits: 2
Lessons: 20 hours
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
MED/36 - IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Professor: Minorati Davide
Hygiene and public health
MED/42 - HYGIENE AND PUBLIC HEALTH - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Medical statistics
MED/01 - MEDICAL STATISTICS - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Professor: Casazza Giovanni

Sezione: Don Gnocchi

Responsible
During the emergency period, lessons will take place simultaneously in a synchronous way through the Microsoft Teams platform and in physical presence and will be held in compliance with the University indications on social distancing. Some events will take place in remote asynchronous way (through Power point with audio, video recording lessons, audio recording lessons, other).

The program and reference material will not change.

The written exam will take place according to the procedures described in the dedicated section of the teaching sheet.
As per the Rector's decree of 31 July 2020, the written exam will be done in presence, guaranteeing international students, out-of-the-region students and those affected by serious diseases the possibility to do the written exam remotely, even in a different date.
Prerequisites for admission
No further or different prerequisite is required than those necessary for the admission to the course of study.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The exam is written and consists of sections of multiple choice questions and / or simple exercises referring to the modules of the course and optimized for the module content and type. Each answer has a score. The test is considered passed with a score ≥ 18 in each of the sections. The final score is given by the average of the sections scores weighted by the CFU of the modules. The results of the test are available on the Ariel web page.
Applied physics
Course syllabus
-symbols, powers, orders of magnitude
-variables and functions of variables, charts, Cartesian coordinates
-vector, polar coordinates, trigonometric functions
General concepts:
-physical quantities and their dimension in the international system
Mechanics concepts:
-space, time, speed, acceleration (medium and snapshots)
-forces, laws of dynamics, mass, density
-special forces: weight, contact force, elastic force, friction, tension
-generated motions: uniform, straight and circular motion, accelerated motion, parabolic motion, varied motion, harmonic motion.
-work, power, kinetic energy, kinetic energy theorem
-conservative forces, potential energy, expression of potential energy for weight and elastic force
-mechanical energy conservation law, mechanical energy balance.
-Material point systems, center of mass. Impulsive interactions, impulse theorem and momentum.
-Torque. Equilibrium for extended bodies. Levers.
Teaching methods
Lectures accompanied by class exercises.
The slides are available in Ariel.
Teaching Resources
The slides of the lectures will be made available on the Ariel website of the course.
Medical statistics
Course syllabus
-Brief description of the main epidemiological and clinical study designs
-Basic principles of data collection and management, qualitative and quantitative variables and their characteristics.
-Building and reading the contingency tables. Two-way tables.
-The concept of probability and risk. An application of probabilities: the measures of diagnostic accuracy (sensitivity and specificity).
-Building and reading different types of graphs: pie charts, bar charts, histograms, scatter plots.
-Measures of central tendency: mode, median, quartiles, means.
-Measures of dispersion: range, interquartile range, standard deviation, coefficient of variation.
-Measurement and interpretation of the statistical association between two qualitative variables: difference between risks, relative risk and odds ratio.
-Measurement and interpretation of the statistical association between two quantitative variables: correlation and regression.
Teaching methods
Lectures accompanied by class exercises.
The slides are available in Ariel.
Teaching Resources
Lantieri, B.L., Risso D., Ravera G. (revisione Lama N., Signoriello G.) (2007). Elementi di Statistica Medica. Milano: McGraw-Hill.
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
Course syllabus
-Physical bases, principles of radiobiology
-Radiation protection of the operator
-Radiodiagnostics: indications and contraindications to diagnostic and interventional procedures; radiation protection of patients
-Nuclear Medicine: indications and contraindications to diagnostic and therapeutic procedures; radiation protection of patients
-Radiotherapy: indications and contraindications to therapeutic procedures; radiation protection of patients
Teaching methods
Lectures accompanied by class exercises.
The slides are available in Ariel.
Teaching Resources
-Medicina Nucleare. TECNICHE - METODOLOGIE - APPLICAZIONI per studenti e medici di medicina generale. A. Cuocolo, L. Mansi, M. Salvatore, (Editori) Editore: Idelson-Gnocchi, Anno: 2010
-Orecchia R, Lucignani G, Tosi G. Elementi di radiobiologia clinica e radioprotezione Editore: Archimedica Editori, Torino. Anno: 2001
Hygiene and public health
Course syllabus
-Introduction to hygiene: purpose and areas of interest of hygiene. evolution of the concept of health; definitions of epidemiology, prevention and public health.
-From health to disease: determinants of health and disease; causes and risk factors of disease
-Natural history of transmissible and non-transmissible diseases.
-Know the state of health: sources of demographic and health data. measure the frequency of an event: the proportions, ratios and rates. morbidity measures: incidence and prevalence. other health indicators and sentinel events.
-Epidemiological methodology.
-Descriptive epidemiology: spatial and temporal distribution analysis. epidemiological surveillance.
-Analytical epidemiology: the statistical association between events. analytical studies: longitudinal (cohort and case-control) and cross-sectional studies; risk assessment.
-Experimental epidemiology: notes on preventive and therapeutic experimental studies.
-Prevention methodology: prevention and health promotion: definition and objectives. primary, secondary, tertiary prevention.
-Prevention of infectious diseases: notes on primary prevention of infectious diseases (notification, default measures, diagnostic assessment, epidemiological investigation, concepts of disinfection and sterilization). Vaccines and the vaccination calendar in Italy.
Teaching methods
Lectures accompanied by class exercises.
The slides are available in Ariel.
Teaching Resources
Teaching materials provided by the teacher during class.
To further information: Barbuti, Fara et al. Igiene (3°Ed), Monduzzi Editore, 2011
Applied physics
FIS/07 - APPLIED PHYSICS - University credits: 2
Lessons: 20 hours
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
MED/36 - IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Hygiene and public health
MED/42 - HYGIENE AND PUBLIC HEALTH - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Medical statistics
MED/01 - MEDICAL STATISTICS - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours