Contrast radiology: techniques

A.Y. 2020/2021
6
Max ECTS
60
Overall hours
SSD
BIO/14 MED/36 MED/45 MED/50
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
Acquire knowledge for the correct use of contrast media in Diagnostic Radiology. Apply the appropriate methods and techniques for studying the urogenital and digestive systems in relation to the clinical question.
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the course the student must have learned to:
- identify the examination techniques appropriate to the clinical questions posed with the use of different contrast media
- know the examination techniques and the equipment, which are currently used in the chest, abdomen and pelvic cavities with and without the use of contrast media
- to reflect on the scope of his work
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Didactic methods.
Half of the students, according to pre-established shifts, will participate from time to time in face-to-face lessons in classrooms suitably equipped for the Covid emergency, where safety conditions allow it.
Furthermore, to allow them to be used both in synchronous and asynchronous mode for students not present in the classroom, the lessons will be held simultaneously on the Microsoft Teams platform and can be followed both in synchrony on the basis of the first semester and in asynchronous mode, because they will be registered and left on the same platform available to students not present in the classroom.
Lessons may also include pre-recorded materials.
If the situation worsens, the lessons will be delivered through the Microsoft Teams platform and can be followed both in synchronous according to the scheduled time and asynchronously, because they are recorded through the same platform.

Program and reference material.
The program and reference material will not change. The teaching material (slides displayed during the lectures) will be available on the Ariel platform dedicated to teaching.

Methods for verifying learning and evaluation criteria.
The exam will take place in writing in the presence or in the event of an aggravation of the pandemic, with the moodle + seb + webconference modality to be activated in collaboration with the Center for educational innovation and multimedia technologies of the University of Milan.
Prerequisites for admission
In-depth knowledge of the contents of the course "Morphological and functional Basis of Life" and "Biochemistry".
Assessment methods and Criteria
The assessment of learning takes place through the final exam, which verifies the acquisition of the knowledge and skills expected for the lessons of the integrated course through a written test lasting 2 hours. The test is based on 8 open-end questions, 2 questions for each module. The exam is considered passed if the student has satisfactorily answered each question and achieved a minimum score of 18 points in the written test.
The booking on the UNIMIA portal, within the dates established for each appeal, is mandatory for the examination.
Pharmacology
Course syllabus
Pharmacokinetics: drug absorption, bioavailability and drug administration routes.
Distribution and elimination of drugs.
Drug metabolism.
Pharmacodynamics: mechanism of action of drugs.
Special pharmacology of the main systems: cardiovascular, endocrine and nervous.
Basis of chemotherapy.
Pharmacology of contrast media.
Teaching methods
The course is divided into a series of lectures with slide shows in Power Point. The lectures slides are uploaded to the Ariel website.
Teaching Resources
RANG, DALE E RITTER, Farmacologia - Elsevier
CELLA ET AL, Farmacologia generale e speciale - Piccin
GOODMAN AND GILMAN: The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics - Mc Graw-Hill
Contrast methods, contrast radiology, and x-ray protection
Course syllabus
Radiocontrast agents (barium and iodinated), pharmacokinetics, contraindications, side effects, formulations, ec.
Anatomy and main pathologies of the alimentary canal.
RX digestive system.
Enteroclysis.
Clisma.
Functional tests (swallowing and defecography).
Anatomy and main pathologies of the urinary system.
Urography, cystography, ureterography.
Anatomy and main pathologies of the biliary tract.
Direct cholangiographs.
Teaching methods
The course is divided into a series of lectures with slide shows in Power Point. The lectures slides are uploaded to the Ariel website.
Teaching Resources
MAZZUCATO: Anatomia radiologica. Tecnica e metodologia propedeutiche alla diagnostica mediante immagini - IIa edizione, Ed. PICCIN, voll. I-II
Preparing contrast methods, and intramuscular injection, intravenous injections, phleboclysis and catheterisation
Course syllabus
Informed consent in radiology.
Safe administration of the contrast medium.
Suction and dilution of the contrast medium.
Operative phases for the administration of fluids.
Preparation of the infusion route.
Preparation of the solution to be infused.
Insertion and start of the infusion.
Positioning of peripheral venous access.
Management of peripheral venous access.
Insertion site dressing.
Calculation of doses and dilutions.
Calculation of infusion rates and times.
Contrast allergic reactions.
Course BLS and BDLS.
The main intra-hospital emergencies.
Teaching methods
The course is divided into a series of lectures with slide shows in Power Point. The lectures slides are uploaded to the Ariel website.
Teaching Resources
PITTIRUTI, CAPOZZOLI: Manuale pratico dell'accesso venoso - 2016, Antonio Delfino Editore, 450 p., ill., brossura, EAN: 9788872875490
Contrast radiology techniques
Course syllabus
Contrast media.
Pharynx.
Esophagus.
Stomach and duodenum.
Opaque enema.
Small enema.
Defecography.
intestinal transit time study.
Cavernosography.
Urography.
Cystourethrography.
Pyelography.
Ductogalactography (mammography).
Teaching methods
The course is divided into a series of lectures with slide shows in Power Point. The lectures slides are uploaded to the Ariel website.
Teaching Resources
VIVIANI, POMPILI, GARDANI: Manuale per tecnici di radiologia medica
MAZZUCATO: Anatomia radiologica. Tecnica e metodologia propedeutiche alla diagnostica mediante immagini - IIa edizione, Ed. PICCIN, voll. I-II
Contrast methods, contrast radiology, and x-ray protection
MED/36 - IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 20 hours
Professor: Bellomi Massimo
Contrast radiology techniques
MED/50 - APPLIED MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY AND METHODOLOGY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Pharmacology
BIO/14 - PHARMACOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 20 hours
Professor: Lucini Valeria
Preparing contrast methods, and intramuscular injection, intravenous injections, phleboclysis and catheterisation
MED/45 - NURSING - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours