Development, morphology and function of organs and systems

A.Y. 2020/2021
Overall hours
Learning objectives
Il corso ha contenuto teorico e pratico e consiste nello studio dei meccanismi biologici che regolano lo sviluppo dell'embrione. Viene approfondito l'apprendimento dell'organizzazione dei tessuti e della loro organizzazione sia microscopica che macroscopica. A tale studio si accosta un esame delle più avanzate metodiche biotecnologiche veterinarie attualmente in uso. In particolare si approfondiscono i metodi per la derivazione di cellule staminali e ci si accosta alle principali tecniche impiegate in terapia cellulare e medicina traslazionale.
Expected learning outcomes
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
Second semester
Asynchronous lectures will be provided (videos of slides with audio commentary), organized to cover the topics of each lesson of the course. Recorded lectures will be made available on the ARIEL platform. Synchronous meeting will be periodically scheduled via Microsoft TEAMS platform to provide clarifications and insights. Exams will take place on line, in the same way as those taken in person.
Course syllabus
Prof. Brevini
Differentiation of the gonads (egg or hen first?)
Oocyte and ovulation maturation (a packaging miracle)
Spermatogenesis and capacitation of the spermatozoon (fearless messengers)
Fertilization (close encounters of the 1st type)
Embryo development and tissue differentiation (genetics proposes and epigenetics disposes)
Cellular divisions (I make myself into four)
Blastulation (... and much more)
Implantation (conquering the unknown)
Origin and specification of embryonic layers (one, someone, one hundred thousand)
Placentation (a declaration of independence)
Genetic manipulation: nuclear transplantation and transgenesis (science and science fiction)
Stem cell derivation (time travelling)
The epithelia and their functional characteristics (the dress makes the monk)
The tissues of support, nutrition and protection (a matter of substance)
Muscle and its structure (microarchitecture masterpieces)
Nervous tissue (life is electricity)

Dr. Pennarossa
General organization of the body (planning is everything)
The skeleton and the joints (thrust, structure and stress ...)
The digestive system and its glands (sailing stormy seas)
The central and peripheral nervous system (a wired system)
The urinary and genital apparatus (water and life)
The endocrine system (fine tuning)
The skin and skin appendages (the hair is lost but not the vice)
The respiratory system (until the last breath)
The circulatory system (round trip)
Spleen and lymphatic organs (one-way trip)

Practicals: each student will have at his disposal a microscope station for practical observations of slides and will be able to analyze anatomical preparations related to the topics listed below.
The epithelial barrier
Connective tissue types
Muscle tissue
Nervous tissue
The skeleton and the joints
Digestive tract of the digestive system and its glands
The peripheral central nervous system
The urinary tract
The testis
The male genital tract
The ovary
The female genital tract
The endocrine system
The skin and skin appendages
The breast
The respiratory system
The heart
The circulatory system
Spleen and lymphatic organs
Prerequisites for admission
Teaching methods
Attendance: compulsory
Method: traditional
Teaching Resources
H.E. Konig e H.G. Liebich "Anatomia dei Mammiferi Domestici" - Piccin
L.C. Junqueira e J. Carneiro "Compendio di Istologia" - Piccin
Drews U. Testo atlante di embriologia, Zanichelli, Bologna 1996
PPT presentation ad hoc
Assessment methods and Criteria
Written exam with multiple choice questions
VET/01 - VETERINARY ANATOMY - University credits: 8
Practicals: 56 hours
Lessons: 36 hours