Epidemiologic methods in healthcare planning and evaluation

A.Y. 2020/2021
5
Max ECTS
40
Overall hours
SSD
MED/07 MED/42
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
Lo studente utilizzerà i metodi epidemiologici per spiegare i fenomeni che influenzano i bisogni sociosanitari della popolazione nelle varie fasce di età e di genere
Expected learning outcomes
The student will use the epidemiological investigative methods and their fields of application in the healthcare in order to explain the care needs and theirs influencing factors considering age and gender
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Responsible
Prerequisites for admission
There are no prerequisites except for the admission test
Assessment methods and Criteria
The exam consists of a written test (multiple choice questions and exercises). Evaluation in thirtieth. The grade achieved is considered valid for the final grade for the entire academic year.
Microbiologia e microbiologia clinica
Course syllabus
Importance of the pre-analytical phase in the diagnostic procedures of infection diagnosis
Role of healthcare workers in the prevention of drug-resistance of infection aetiological agents
Teaching methods
Frontal lesson
Teaching Resources
Slides
Papers and teaching tools
E. Lanciotti, Microbiologia Clinica; Casa editrice Ambrosiana, Rozzano (MI)
Hygiene and public health
Course syllabus
At the end of the course, students will know the objectives of epidemiology, the investigation methods, and the related fields of application. This objective will be achieved through the acquisition of knowledge about:
Meaning and use of the epidemiological approach: data analysis, planning and evaluation of health services.
Use of health and demographic data in epidemiology:
- Main sources of health and demographic data
- The indicators: meaning and use.
- Health conditions of the female population; birth rate, maternal health and abortion
- Socio-economic determinants of health and gender inequalities
- Guided analysis of current health data
Health status of a population
- Determinants and factors that influence the state of health: biological-natural factors (age, sex and ethnicity), behaviors and lifestyles, physical and social environment, access to health care and services in general
- Socio-economic determinants and inequalities in health and gender
-Methods of descriptive or geographical epidemiology
- Population health profiles
Frequency measurements:
- Ratio, proportions, rates;
- Concept of prevalence, incidence, density of incidence, cumulative incidence
- Standardization of rates
- Guided exercises
Study designs and their application
- Ecological (or correlation) studies and their application: case study
- Prevalence studies and their application: case study
- Cohort studies and their application: case study
- Case control studies and their application: case study
- Experimental studies
Associations and impact measures: relative risk, odds ratio, risk attributable as absolute and relative measures
Evaluation of effectiveness
- Therapeutic and preventive studies
- Epidemiological impact of vaccinations
- Evaluation and meaning of screening tests
- Case study: efficacy of the HPV vaccine, Pap test and HPV-DNA test

Global Health
- Key concepts and definition of global health (GH); evolution of GH from tropical medicine to public health and international health
- Global burden of disease, epidemiological transition and progress in health indicators; Recent phenomena and future of global health
- Social and economic determinants of health
- Principles of gender medicine and women's health
- Sustainable development goals (SDGs); Tuberculosis as a model in global health burden and response
- Tuberculosis and antimicrobial resistance: two models of complex global health problems
- The World Health Organization and other major actors in GH; International Cooperation; the great challenges: migrations and climate change
Teaching methods
Frontal lesson
Teaching Resources
Auxilia F, Pontello M. «Igiene e sanità pubblica» Ed. Piccin
Lopalco PL, Tozzi AE. «Epidemiologia facile» Il pensiero scientifico editore
Skolnik R. Global Health 101, 3rd Edition. Jones & Bartlett Learning, 2016
Slides
Papers and teaching tools
Hygiene and public health
MED/42 - HYGIENE AND PUBLIC HEALTH - University credits: 4
Lessons: 32 hours
Microbiologia e microbiologia clinica
MED/07 - MICROBIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 8 hours