General and inorganic chemistry

A.Y. 2020/2021
8
Max ECTS
88
Overall hours
SSD
CHIM/03
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The primary goal of the course is to provide a solid foundation in the basic concepts and facts of general and inorganic chemistry, particularly those needed for a successful understanding of other subjects for which chemistry is a prerequisite. Basic laboratory skills will be also provided, which are fundamental to the student for properly facing the subsequent laboratory courses. Last but not least, the course aims to give the student an appreciation of the importance of chemistry to society in general and to daily life in particular.
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the course, the student is expected to reach the following results:
- Knowledge, understanding and application: the student will acquire knowledge, understanding and critical application, even by the resolution of exercises of proper difficulty, over the basic chemical language with a particular focus on inorganic compounds nomenclature, atomic and electronic structure of the matter, chemico-physical properties of the elements and principal kinds of inorganic compounds, chemical bonds, Lewis structures, chemical reactions in particular redox reactions and their balancing, aqueous solutions and pH of acids, bases, salts, buffers, electrochemistry (i.e. batteries and electrolysis), basic thermodynamics and kinetics. Furthermore, the student will acquire elementary laboratory skills.
- Judgements and communication abilities: the student will be able to critically assess modes of interaction/transformation of inorganic molecules, even biologically interesting. Moreover, the student will acquire communication abilities using a specific language by employing proper chemical terms and expositive clearness.
Course syllabus and organization

Linea AL

Responsible
Lesson period
First semester
The lectures will be held by applying and a combination of synchronous and asynchronous lectures. All the lectures will be available on-line as Webinars with the Microsoft Teams or Zoom web-conference platforms. Links to the lecture recordings will be available on the lecturer's Ariel website. The program and the reference material are the same also in the emergency phase.
The contents and evaluation criteria of the final tests will not change. The written examination will be held if possible in presence or alternatively remotely with Microsoft Teams
As far as the laboratory is concerned, selected experiences will be conducted in presence. The students will be divided into small groups and they will work single bank. All indications will be reported on the Ariel website of the course. For both laboratory experiences and other experiences, material will always be provided on the Ariel website (ppt and / or video files).
The methods and criteria for participating at face-to-face trainings (presumably turn based), will be described on the lecturers's Ariel website, as will any updates related to the evolution of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Course syllabus
Frontal teaching (40 hours):
Structure of matter: Atomic structure. Atomic and molecular weights. Isotopes. Radioactivity. Mass defect. Quantitative chemical relationships: Balancing redox reactions. Stoichiometric calculus. The chemical equilibrium. Le Chatelier's principle. Equilibrium constants. Acid-Base reaction: Acids and bases (Arrhenius, Broensted, Lewis theories). pH. Acid-base titrations.
Atomic structure: Bohr's atomic model. De Broglie equation. Heisenberg's principle. On Schrödinger equation. Hydrogen atom. Many-electron atoms. The "Aufbau" principle and the periodic table. The Chemical bond: Ionic bonds. VSEPR Theory. The Covalent bond. The Hydrogen bond and the weak interactions. Bonding in coordination compound. Lattice energy and hydration energy. Ionic, molecular and van der Waals crystals. Gases: Gas laws and the equation of state for ideal and real gases. Elements of the kinetic theory of gases. Solubility.
Thermodynamics: The first, the second and the third law of thermodynamics. Thermodynamic functions and chemical equilibrium. Elettrochemistry: Cell potentials. Nernst's law. Electrolysis. Chemical kinetics: Rates of chemical reactions, reaction order and the kinetic equation. Arrhenius's law. Catalysts. Descriptive Inorganic Chemistry: The biologically relevant elements.
Laboratory activities and exercises (48 hours)
In Classroom: Stoichiometric Calculations (32 hours)
Laboratory activities: Weighing, precipitation, acid-base titrations. Preparation of buffer solutions. Typical reactions of inorganic cations and anions (16 hours)
Prerequisites for admission
The teaching of General and Inorganic Chemistry is the first course of Chemistry undertaken by the student at the beginning of the degree course; therefore it does not require prerequisites at university level. The basic knowledge of Mathematics and Physics acquired in the secondary school of second grade is enough for understanding the subjects.
Teaching methods
The lectures and frontal exercises take place in the classroom with projection of 'slides' in power point format. The students have at their disposal the Ariel site of the teacher, where various teaching materials are regularly published, including: the slides of the lessons, including the frontal exercises, and the exam topics with resolution of previous years. The laboratory exercises are carried out in a single place and consist in the execution by the student of elementary laboratory operations and processing of the obtained data.
Teaching Resources
Lesson' slides available at the teacher's Ariel website.
Suggested Textbooks:
Tro, Chimica un Approccio Molecolare; Ed. EdiSES.
Petrucci, Herring, Madura, Bissonnette, Chimica Generale; Ed. Piccin.
Chang, Goldsby, Fondamenti di Chimica Generale; Ed. McGraw Hill
Atkins, Jones Chimica Generale; Ed. Zanichelli.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The examination consists of a written test divided into two parts: the first one consisting of 4 stoichiometric exercises, the second one consisting of 3 theoretical open questions for a total of 32/30 (corresponding to the praise). The written test lasts 2h 30'M. In order to pass the exam, at least 2 out of 4 stoichiometric exercises must be carried out correctly, and a suitable number of theoretical questions must be answered correctly (the candidate must score a minimum of 18/30). There are no oral tests and restrictions on entry to the examination appeals. There are 2 partial exams ('prove in itinere') during the course itself, which if passed both will contribute to the final grade and pass the exam. For each academic year, a number of appeal dates of not less than 7 are fixed in ordinary and extraordinary examination sessions.
CHIM/03 - GENERAL AND INORGANIC CHEMISTRY - University credits: 8
Practicals: 32 hours
Single bench laboratory practical: 16 hours
Lessons: 40 hours

Linea MZ

Responsible
Lesson period
First semester
The lectures will be held by applying a combination of synchronous and asynchronous lectures. All the lectures will be available on-line as Webinars with the Microsoft Teams or Zoom web-conference platforms. Links to the lecture recordings will be available on the lecturer's Ariel website. The program and the reference material are the same also in the emergency phase.
The contents and evaluation criteria of the final tests will not change. The written examination will be held, if possible, in presence or alternatively remotely with Microsoft Teams.
As far as the laboratory is concerned, selected experiences will be carried out in presence. The students will be divided into small groups and they will work single bank. All indications will be reported on the Ariel website of the course. For both laboratory experiences and other experiences, the material will always be provided on the Ariel website (ppt and / or video files).
The methods and criteria for participating at face-to-face trainings (presumably turn-based), will be described on the lecturers's Ariel website, as will any updates related to the evolution of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Course syllabus
Frontal teaching (40 hours):
Structure of matter: Atomic structure. Atomic and molecular weights. Isotopes. Radioactivity. Mass defect. Quantitative chemical relationships: Balancing redox reactions. Stoichiometric calculus. The chemical equilibrium. Le Chatelier's principle. Equilibrium constants. Acid-Base reaction: Acids and bases (Arrhenius, Broensted, Lewis theories). pH. Acid-base titrations.
Atomic structure: Bohr's atomic model. De Broglie equation. Heisenberg's principle. On Schrödinger equation. Hydrogen atom. Many-electron atoms. The "Aufbau" principle and the periodic table. The Chemical bond: Ionic bonds. VSEPR Theory. The Covalent bond. The Hydrogen bond and the weak interactions. Bonding in coordination compound. Lattice energy and hydration energy. Ionic, molecular and van der Waals crystals. Gases: Gas laws and the equation of state for ideal and real gases. Elements of the kinetic theory of gases. Solubility.
Thermodynamics: The first, the second and the third law of thermodynamics. Thermodynamic functions and chemical equilibrium. Elettrochemistry: Cell potentials. Nernst's law. Electrolysis. Chemical kinetics: Rates of chemical reactions, reaction order and the kinetic equation. Arrhenius's law. Catalysts. Descriptive Inorganic Chemistry: The biologically relevant elements.
Laboratory activities and exercises (48 hours)
In Classroom: Stoichiometric Calculations (32 hours)
Laboratory activities: Weighing, precipitation, acid-base titrations. Preparation of buffer solutions. Typical reactions of inorganic cations and anions (16 hours)
Prerequisites for admission
The teaching of General and Inorganic Chemistry is the first course of Chemistry undertaken by the student at the beginning of the degree course; therefore it does not require prerequisites at university level. The basic knowledge of Mathematics and Physics acquired in the secondary school of second grade is enough for understanding the subjects.
Teaching methods
The lectures and frontal exercises take place in the classroom with projection of 'slides' in power point format. The students have at their disposal the Ariel site of the teacher, where various teaching materials are regularly published, including: the slides of the lessons, including the frontal exercises, and the exam topics with resolution of previous years. The laboratory exercises are carried out in a single place and consist in the execution by the student of elementary laboratory operations and processing of the obtained data.
Teaching Resources
Lesson' slides available at the teacher's Ariel website.
Suggested Textbooks:
Tro, Chimica un Approccio Molecolare; Ed. EdiSES.
Petrucci, Herring, Madura, Bissonnette, Chimica Generale; Ed. Piccin.
Chang, Goldsby, Fondamenti di Chimica Generale; Ed. McGraw Hill
Atkins, Jones Chimica Generale; Ed. Zanichelli.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The examination consists of a written test divided into two parts: the first one consisting of 4 stoichiometric exercises, the second one consisting of 3 theoretical open questions for a total of 32/30 (corresponding to the praise). The written test lasts 2h 30'M. In order to pass the exam, at least 2 out of 4 stoichiometric exercises must be carried out correctly, and a suitable number of theoretical questions must be answered correctly (the candidate must score a minimum of 18/30). There are no oral tests and restrictions on entry to the examination appeals. There are 2 partial exams ('prove in itinere') during the course itself, which if passed both will contribute to the final grade and pass the exam. For each academic year, a number of appeal dates of not less than 7 are fixed in ordinary and extraordinary examination sessions.
CHIM/03 - GENERAL AND INORGANIC CHEMISTRY - University credits: 8
Practicals: 32 hours
Single bench laboratory practical: 16 hours
Lessons: 40 hours
Professor: Maggioni Daniela