Grapevine protection

A.Y. 2020/2021
Overall hours
AGR/11 AGR/12
Learning objectives
The course provides knowledge on plant pathogens and insects noxious to grapevine, on control end prevention methods that can be applied in the vineyards and in the nurseries, with emphasis on grapevine pathogens transmitted by insect vectors.
Expected learning outcomes
Conoscenza e capacità di comprensione
Gli studenti saranno in grado, attraverso le competenze fornite dal corso, di:
- riconoscere le più importanti fitopatie e i più importanti insetti, indigeni ed esotici di temuta introduzione, che causano danno diretto e indiretto d'interesse economico alla vite
- di valutare l'influenza dell'ambiente sullo sviluppo di fitopatie e insetti del vigneto e sull'epidemiologia delle fitopatie da essi trasmesse
- di impostare adeguate strategie di difesa, con particolare riguardo alle tecniche a basso impatto ambientale.
Capacità di applicare conoscenza e comprensione
Al termine del corso gli studenti saranno in grado di:
- Progettare piani di prevenzione e contenimento di fitopatie e insetti della vite
- Progettare piani di prevenzione e contenimento di fitopatie della vite trasmesse da insetti vettori
- Progettare piani razionali di utilizzazione di fungicidi/insetticidi e di mezzi di lotta alternativi per ottenere la massima efficacia ridurre gli effetti collaterali come i danni agli organismi utili non bersaglio e l'insorgenza di ceppi di patogeni e insetti resistenti agli agrofarmaci.
Autonomia di giudizio
Alla fine del corso gli studenti saranno in grado di valutare e scegliere le strategie di difesa della vite più appropriate in diversi casi di studio
Capacità di apprendimento
Alla fine del corso gli studenti saranno in grado di svolgere valutazioni comparative per l'applicazione di diversi mezzi di controllo di fitopatie e insetti della vite e di reperire autonomamente fonti di informazioni scientificamente valide.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
Second semester
The course will be held in the ASTISS university campus. Teaching activity may be varied according to the limitations imposed by the current health emergency. Nevertheless, the remote mode will be ensured throughout all the academic year.
Prerequisites for admission
No preliminary knowledge is needed
Assessment methods and Criteria
At the end of the classes, the teacher will elicit a discussion on the topic that has been presented, in order to check the level of understanding of the students.
The final examination is oral and the topics covered in the exam are those of classes, practicals and field trip.
Approfondimenti di entomologia
Course syllabus
The subjects, hereafter reported, are included in the learning area of grape cultivation and quality.
Presentation of the course and the examination
General Section
The vineyard agro-ecosystem and insects. Ecology, ethology and biological cycles.
Insecticides and their application in the vineyard. Managing the onset of resistance.
Agroecological management of the vineyard.
Innovative and sustainable control strategies.
Emerging insect pests and vectors with high risk of introduction.
Epidemiological cycles of Flavescence dorée and Bois Noir and vector control.
Xylella fastidiosa and grapevine: epidemiology of Pierce's Disease and risk assessment in Italian vineyards.
Mealybugs and scale insects vectoring viruses to grapevine.
Special Section
Systematic of Hemiptera. Plant-sucking and plant-chewing insects.
The activities will be carried out in the laboratory and in the field.
Teaching methods
The course consists of 28 hours of lectures and 12 hours devoted to laboratory and vineyard activities. At the end of the course, there will be an educational trip to wine-producing farms of Piedmont. For the lectures, the teacher makes use of PowerPoint presentations that are available to the students and articles for critical readings
Teaching Resources
The recommended basic texts for the course are:
Note di Entomologia viticola. Andrea Lucchi. Pisa University Press
Scientific papers and materials (PowerPoint presentations) provided by the teacher will be loaded on the platform CampusNet.
Approfondimenti di patologia
Course syllabus
The program is placed in the learning area of Production and Quality of Grapes
The diseases of grapevine: a review of the main maladies of grapevine and in particular for those with epidemic pattern.
The sanitary selection of grapevine and its importance for the nursery industry.
The plant pathogen detection: the main innovations in serology and molecular biology for identification and characterization of grapevine pathogens.
Novel achievements for the containment and the management of the fungal diseases: the expert systems and their use for the disease management.
Novel achievements for the containment and the management of the diseases: new technologies and regulation protocols for the disease prevention and use of chemicals of lower impact for the environment.
Emergent pathogens and diseases of grapevine in Italy and Europe: quarantine regulation for grapevine material.
Teaching methods
The course is composed by 36 hours of lectures and 4 hours of visit to vineyards. The lectures are based on use of slides/videos and powerpoint presentations. The teacher deliver them to the students as supplementary material in order integrate the study of the suggested bibliography
Lectures will be provided either in class or in e-learning, according to the applied measures related to Covid-19 emergency.
Teaching Resources
- Belli G. 2011. Elementi di Patologia Vegetale, Piccin editor
- Supplied review and articles concerning the topics of the course.
- Baozhong Meng,·GiovanniP. Martelli, Deborah A.Golino,·MarcFuchs Editors (2017). Grapevine Viruses: Molecular Biology, Diagnostics and Management. Springer
Approfondimenti di entomologia
AGR/11 - GENERAL AND APPLIED ENTOMOLOGY - University credits: 5
Lessons: 40 hours
Approfondimenti di patologia
AGR/12 - PLANT PATHOLOGY - University credits: 5
Lessons: 40 hours
Professor: Quaglino Fabio
On appointment by email (in case of health restrictions on Microsoft Teams)
Second flor - Building 7, via Celoria 2, Milan