History of philosophy

A.Y. 2020/2021
9
Max ECTS
60
Overall hours
SSD
M-FIL/06
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The course aims to provide students with a solid basic knowledge of some of the most important concepts in the history of Western philosophy with special focus on the classics. Its educational goals are to enable participants to understand the historical and theoretical meaning of the main philosophical traditions in connection with other doctrines and cultural traditions.
Expected learning outcomes
Learning outcomes
At the end of the course, the student
- knows some of the fundamental aspects of the history of Western philosophy (with special reference to the classics)
- knows the fundamental lexicon of philosophy in its historical evolution
- understands the concepts and lines of argument used by the authors
- understands how sources are used and have evolved in time

Ability to apply knowledge and understanding:
At the end of the course, the student
- Can apply the knowledge acquired in reading a classic
- Can apply the knowledge acquired in framing authors and discussion and texts historically
- Can apply the historical lexicon to the analysis and discussion of texts and problems
- Can apply the understanding of concepts and argumentative forms to the analysis of texts and problems
- Can synthesize clearly the knowledge acquired
- Can confront texts at a basic level
Course syllabus and organization

(A-K)

Responsible
Lesson period
First semester
Lessons will be held via Microsoft Teams in synchronous mode. They will also be uploaded on the same platform and on the Ariel site of the course.
The course programme and the texts will not be changed.
The exams will take place via Teams or, when possible, in presence, as deterined in the porgamme.
Course syllabus
The course will provide a general introduction to the history of modern philosophy, by focusing in particular on one of its central themes: the mind/body problem, with its metaphysical foundation starting from Descartes, and its implications for the fields of theory of knowledge, ethics and philosophical anthropology.
Prerequisites for admission
No previous knowledge is required to follow the course.
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons, mainly focused on introducing and commenting the texts included in the course programme.
Lessons devoted to discussing the topics of the course, starting from the students' questions.
Teaching Resources
Textbook: G. Cambiano, L. Fonnesu, M. Mori (eds.), La filosofia moderna. Il Seicento e il Settecento Il Mulino, Bologna, 2014, vol III.

R. Descartes, from Meditazioni metafisiche, Laterza, Roma-Bari: Meditazione II e VI.

______________, from Discorso sul metodo, Laterza, Roma-Bari: Parte V.

R. Descartes, from the correspondence with Princess Elisabeth, in Cartesio, Opere filosofiche, vol. 4, Laterza, Lettere sulla morale: lettera 1 e 2, del 21 maggio e del 28 giugno 1643, pp. 125-136.

_______________, from Le passioni dell'anima, Parte I, in Cartesio, Opere filosofiche, vol. 4, Laterza, pp. 3-35.

S. Di Bella, Le Meditazioni metafisiche di Cartesio. Introduzione alla lettura, La Nuova Italia Scientifica, Roma, 1997. Capitoli 2 e 6.

from B. Spinoza, from Etica, tr. it. di E. Giancotti: parte I , Dio: Prop. 15 Scolio; parte II, Natura e origine della mente: Definizioni, Assiomi, Proposizioni 1-31; parte III, Origine e natura degli affetti: Prefazione, Definizioni, Postulati, Prop. 1-11.

____________ from Epistolario, Einaudi, Torino 1979: lettera 32 a H. Oldenburg, pp. 168-171.

E. Scribano, Guida alla lettura dell' Etica di Spinoza, Laterza, Roma-Bari, 2008. Capitoli 1,2,3.

[end of the program for 6 CFU]


G.W. Leibniz, dal carteggio con A. Arnauld, in G.W. Leibniz, Scritti filosofici, a cura di M. Mugnai e E. Pasini, vol. I, pp. 330-339; 366-370.


_______________, Nuovo sistema della natura e della comunicazione tra le sostanze, nonché dell'unione che si ha tra anima e corpo, in G.W. Leibniz, Scritti filosofici, a cura di M. Mugnai e E. Pasini, vol. I, pp. 446-456.

________ Princìpi di filosofia o Monadologia, in G.W. Leibniz, Scritti filosofici, a cura di M. Mugnai e E. Pasini, vol.III, pp. 453-468.

M. Mugnai, Introduzione alla filosofia di Leibniz, Einaudi, Torino, 2001. Capitoli 4 e 5, pp. 85-163.

For non-attending students:

besides the texts listed above:

S. Nannini, L'anima e il corpo. Introduzione storica alla filosofia della mente, Laterza, Roma- Bari, 2002. Capitoli 1 e 2.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The oral exam will assess the student's knowledge of the contents of the course as well as his/her analytical and expository skills, as detailed in the general aims of the course. A preliminary part of the exam will determine basic general knowledge of the history of philosophy, with regard to the required chapters of the handbook. Second, the student will be required to explain a passage from the texts included in the programme. Finally the exam will determine the general understanding of the concepts and problems dealt with in the course.
Unita' didattica A
M-FIL/06 - HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY - University credits: 3
Lessons: 20 hours
Unita' didattica B
M-FIL/06 - HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY - University credits: 3
Lessons: 20 hours
Unita' didattica C
M-FIL/06 - HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY - University credits: 3
Lessons: 20 hours

(L-Z)

Responsible
Lesson period
First semester
Lessons will be held via Microsoft Teams. The introductory lesson will be held in synchronous mode. The following lessons will be held in asynchronous mode and uploaded on the Ariel site of the course. Lessons devoted to Q&A will be held in asynchronous mode via Microsoft Teams.

The course programme and the texts will not be changed.

The exams will take place via Microsoft Teams or, when possible, in presence, as determined in the programme.
Course syllabus
The class provides a comprehensive presentation of the history of modern philosophy, also through an examination of selected texts by some of the most significant authors.
Scepticism is firmly present in Western philosophy since antiquity, up to current debates, as it poses fundamental issues and provides sophisticated methodological resources. In both capacities, scepticism contributes to distinguish philosophy from pre-philosophical thinking, developing in various shapes. The course shall be devoted to the shapes that scepticism has taken in modern philosophy, between the 17th and the early 19th century, with specific regard to four of the most important philosophers in whose thought it plays a major role: Descartes, Hume, Kant, and Hegel. After a general introduction on the ancient origins of scepticism and its main variants, the course shall examine the main writings in which those writers developed their answers to sceptical challenges and their appropriation of sceptical claims and strategies. The different aspects of scepticism will thus provide a leading thread through the philosophical discussions in those centuries, an access to some of the most significant works in the history of philosophy, and a historical introduction to a theme that still takes centre stage in current philosophical discussion.
Prerequisites for admission
No specific previous knowledge is required beyond what is required for enrolling in the study programme.
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons with PowerPoint presentations, mainly focused on introducing and commenting the texts included in the course programme.
Lessons devoted to discussing the topics of the course, starting from the students' questions.
Teaching Resources
(NB: A list of literature in English can be requested to the instructor.)


For both 6 and 9 cfu the following literature is requested:

G. Cambiano, L. Fonnesu, M. Mori, (a cura di), La filosofia moderna. Il Seicento e il Settecento, Bologna, il Mulino, 2018 (esclusi i capitoli 10 e 13).

R. Descartes, Meditazioni metafisiche: Meditazione I e II. In: Descartes, Meditazioni metafisiche, a cura di S. Landucci, Roma-Bari, Laterza, 1997.

R. Descartes, Principi della filosofia, parte I, § I-X. In: Cartesio, Opere filosofiche, vol. 3, Roma-Bari, Laterza, 1995.

E. Spinelli, "L'antico intrecciarsi degli scetticismi", in Scetticismo. Una vicenda filosofica, a cura di M. De Caro, E. Spinelli, Roma, Carocci, 2007, pp. 17-38.

P. Rodano, "Lo scetticismo di Cartesio", in Scetticismo. Una vicenda filosofica, a cura di M. De Caro, E. Spinelli, Roma, Carocci, 2007, pp. 85-103.

D. Hume, Trattato sulla natura umana: libro I, parte IV. In: Hume, Opere filosofiche, vol. 1, Roma-Bari, Laterza, 1987.

D. Hume, Ricerca sull'intelletto umano, §§ IV, V e XII. In: Hume, Ricerca sull'intelletto umano, a cura di E. Lecaldano, Roma-Bari, Laterza, 1996.

E. Lecaldano, "Hume, i limiti dello scetticismo e le origini del naturalismo", in Scetticismo. Una vicenda filosofica, a cura di M. De Caro, E. Spinelli, Roma, Carocci, 2007, pp. 105-120.


For 9 cfu the following additional titles are also mandatory:

L. Fonnesu, "Hegel", in G. Cambiano, L. Fonnesu, M. Mori, (a cura di), La filosofia dell'Ottocento. Dall'età kantiana a Nietzsche, Bologna, il Mulino, 2018.

I. Kant, Critica della ragione pura: A420-425/B448-453 (Antitetica della ragione pura), A485-490/B513-518 (Rappresentazione scettica delle questioni cosmologiche), A738-769/B766-797 (La disciplina della ragione pura riguardo al suo uso polemico), A852-856/B880-884 (La storia della ragione pura). In: Kant, Critica della ragione pura, a cura di P. Chiodi, Torino, UTET, 2013.

G.W.F. Hegel, Fenomenologia dello spirito: Introduzione, cap. I (La certezza sensibile), II (La percezione) e IV.B (Libertà dell'autocoscienza). In: Hegel, Fenomenologia dello spirito, a cura di G. Garelli, Torino, Einaudi, 2008.

G.W.F. Hegel, Enciclopedia delle scienze filosofiche in compendio (1830): §§ 37-39 e §§ 79-81. In: Hegel, Enciclopedia delle scienze filosofiche in compendio, Roma-Bari, Laterza, 1994.

C. Ferrini, "Modernità di una storia antica: Kant, Hegel e lo scetticismo", in Scetticismo. Una vicenda filosofica, a cura di M. De Caro, E. Spinelli, Roma, Carocci, 2007, pp. 121-145.


For non-attending students:

besides the texts listed above:

S. Di Bella, Le Meditazioni metafisiche di Cartesio. Introduzione alla lettura, Roma, La Nuova Italia Scientifica, 1997: chaps 1 and 2.
F. Laudisa, Hume, Roma, Carocci, 2009: cap. 2.
S. Marcucci, Guida alla lettura della Critica della ragion pura di Kant, Roma-Bari, Laterza, 1997: sections III.7 and III.9.
F. Chiereghin, La Fenomenologia dello spirito di Hegel. Introduzione alla lettura, Roma, Carocci, 2008, chaps. 1 and 2.1-4.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The oral exam will assess the student's knowledge of the contents of the course as well as his/her analytical and expository skills, as detailed in the general aims of the course. First, a preliminary part of the exam shall determine the basic general knowledge of the history of modern philosophy, with regard to the required chapters of the textbook. Second, the student will be required to explain a passage from the texts included in the programme. Finally, the exam will determine the general understanding of the concepts and problems dealt with in the course.
Unita' didattica A
M-FIL/06 - HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY - University credits: 3
Lessons: 20 hours
Unita' didattica B
M-FIL/06 - HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY - University credits: 3
Lessons: 20 hours
Unita' didattica C
M-FIL/06 - HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY - University credits: 3
Lessons: 20 hours
Professor(s)
Reception:
Wendesday 9 a.m. - 12 a.m. Wendesday, 25, November, shifted to 14 - 17.
On Microsoft Teams, Team "Ricevimento SDB" . Access Code: ourk7ks