Human Anatomy

A.Y. 2020/2021
Overall hours
Learning objectives
The main aim of the course is to provide students with the most important concepts of morphology and functioning of the human body, as well as the maintenance of homeostasis. This knowledge represents the basis for understanding the subsequent courses in the biologic area.
The unit of anatomy consists of lectures describing the structures of the human body, starting from the composition of tissues, organs, apparatus and systems.
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the teaching student must prove its ability and competence in the description of body parts morphology. Particular attention will be pay in the evaluation of the acquired skill in the microscopical anatomy. Moreover, a correct use of anatomical terminology will be evaluated. Integration of anatomy knowledge with physical and chemical skills will be also assessed. The expected outcomes will provide the fundamental basis for learning of subsequent physiological issues.
Course syllabus and organization

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Lesson period
BIO/16 - HUMAN ANATOMY - University credits: 9
Lessons: 72 hours
Professor: Rumio Cristiano

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Lesson period
Teaching proceeds with the same program by using lessons in M. Team and audiopowerpoit, then loaded on Ariel. Targeted meetings on Team are scheduled for further information / clarifications
Course syllabus
The topics:
Basic characteristics and classification criteria of epithelial, connective, muscular and nervous tissues.
General principles of human anatomy. The hollow organs and the solid organs.
Integumentary System - General characteristics and structure of the skin - Skin appendages - Hints on receptors
Central Nervous System - General organization of the nervous system: the Blood-brain barrier concept - Neural chains - Synapses - Types of sensitivity - Macroscopic description of the central nervous system - Organization of the gray matter and the white matter in the spinal cord and brain stem - The cerebellum: morphology, cytoarchitectonics - The diencephalon: morphology, main subdivisions - The telencephalon: morphology, cytoarchitectonics - The cortical areas - The meninges.
Peripheral Nervous System - General organization - The nerves and ganglia - Peripheral nerve endings - Spinal nerves - The sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system.
Cardio-Vascular System - General organization of the circulatory system - The heart - The pericardium - The arterial and venous vessels.
Respiratory system - General organization - The nasal cavities - The larynx - The trachea and the bronchi - The lungs - Concept of pulmonary lobule - The pulmonary alveoli: Air-Blood Barrier - The pleura.
Digestive system - General organization - The oral cavity: tongue, salivary glands - The pharynx - The esophagus - The stomach - The small intestine and the large intestine - The liver - The pancreas - The spleen
Urinary System - General Organization - The Kidney - Blood Barrier Concept - Urine - The Nephron - Ureter - Bladder - Urethra
Endocrine system - General organization - The endocrine hypothalamus - The pituitary gland and the hypophyseal portal system - General information on all the glands and description of the endocrine, adrenal, thymus, thyroid and pancreas structures.
Male Reproductive System - General organization - The sperm pathway - The glands annexed to the male reproductive system - Spermatogenesis
Female Reproductive System - General organization - Female genital system and attached glands - The ovarian cycle and oogenesis
Prerequisites for admission
The course imply the knowledge of basic concepts in Physics, Chemistry and Biology acquired in previous courses
Teaching methods
The he course is based on M. Team and audiopowerpoint lessons, with the aid of audiovisual aids. The teaching materials used through the Ariel portal will be provided.
Teaching Resources
Principi di Anatomia Microscopica con cenni di istologia e Anatomia Macroscopica Editore EDISES - SBN 9788833190068
Anatomia Umana F. H. Martini, R. B. Tallitsch, J. L. Nath, EDISES- ISBN 9788833190259
Assessment methods and Criteria
In an emergency phase, the exam is an oral interview
BIO/16 - HUMAN ANATOMY - University credits: 9
Lessons: 72 hours
Professor: Borsello Tiziana
Educational website(s)
by appointment