International Economic and Environmental Law

A.Y. 2020/2021
9
Max ECTS
60
Overall hours
SSD
IUS/13
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
Il corso mira ad approfondire la conoscenza dei regimi giuridici internazionali attinenti alla sfera dei rapporti economici tra Stati e alla tutela dell'ambiente. Attraverso lo studio della disciplina materiale e l'esame di casi selezionati, gli studenti saranno posti in grado di inquadrare sistematicamente fenomeni giuridici complessi (quali l'assistenza finanziaria da parte delle organizzazioni internazionali, i meccanismi di promozione e protezione degli investimenti esteri, la tutela dell'ambiente). Il corso si propone anche di rafforzare le abilità di analisi critica rispetto a fenomeni attuali della realtà internazionale contemporanea.
Expected learning outcomes
Undefined
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Responsible
Lesson period
First trimester
Classes will start on September 21, 2020, and will be held on Microsoft teams (code: tx32b93) on Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday, from 10.30 to 12.30 a.m.
The teaching materials discussed during classes are published on the Ariel website of the course (https:// diea.ariel.ctu.unimi.it)
The Syllabus will be published on the Ariel website ("Bacheca"). It provides information over the topics discussed during classes, teaching materials and the chapters of the textbook for the exam. Students are kindly invited to read the chapter before classes, so as to be participate actively, ask questions, raise comments and points of discussion.
Course syllabus
Unit 1:
International economic law and international economic organizations.
The International Monetary Fund and its evolution since 1944. Institutional issues; the code of conduct on and surveillance over domestic exchange rate policies; the IMF financial assistance (legal aspects and pratice); the role of the IMF for the solution of international financial crises and sovereign debt crises.
The economic and monetary union under the Treaty on the European Union. The coordination of economic policies and the Growth and Stability Pact. The role of the EU in the economic and financial crisis of the Euro-zone and in the current COVID-10 crisis.

Unit 2:
The evolution in the international legal regime on foreign investments.
International dispute settlement between foreign investors and host States: the 1965 ICISD Convention.
Customary and treaty rules on access and protection of foreign investments: the definition of investments and investors under bilateral investment treaties, standards of protection, the legal regime on expropriation and nationalization of foreign investments, rules on transfers of capital.
The protection of the general interests of the host States under treaty law and in the case law.
FDI screening mechanisms in the EU and Italian practice.

Unit 3:
The protection of the environment under public international law: historical evolution, governance, general principles and rules (declaration of Stockholm, Rio de Janeiro and Johannesburg), the multilateral environmental agreements.
The protection of the atmosphere; the prohibition of transbounbdary pollution, the legal regimes on the protection of the ozone layer and on climate change; the EU policy on climate change (in particular on renewable energies).
The right to a healthy environment under international human rights treaties and case law.
The relationship between MEAs and international trade law under the agreements of the World Trade Organization.
Prerequisites for admission
To take the exam, students must satisfy the prerequisites set by the Manifesto degli studi of the Master programme.
Teaching methods
The teaching method is based on frontal lessons. For each topic covered by the course, lessons will focus on: a) the political background; b) the relevant legal regime and the challenges raised by its interpretation, application and enforcement; c) specific case studies and case law. Active participation by students is expected. All teaching materials will be published on the Ariel website of the course (diet.ariel.ctu.unimi.it).
Teaching Resources
ATTENDING STUDENTS:

Unit 1 and 2: M.R. MAURO, Diritto internazionale dell'economia. Teoria e prassi delle relazioni economiche internazionali, Editoriale Scientifica, Napoli , 2019: capitoli I, II, IV, VI e VII.
P. MANZINI, La riforma delle regole UE sulla sorveglianza dei bilanci pubblici nazionali, in G. ADINOLFI, M. VELLLANO, La crisi del debito sovrano degli Stati dell'area euro. Profili giuridici, Torino, 2013, p 29 ss. (available on the Ariel website);
A. VITERBO, R. CISOTTA, La crisi del debito sovrano e gli interventi dell'UE: dai primi strumenti finanziari al Fiscal Compact, in Diritto dell'Unione europea 2012, p. 323 ss. (available on the Ariel website).
Further materials on the financial assistance granted by the EU in the context of the current COVID-19 crisis (unit 1) and on EU/Italian FDI screening mechanisms (unit 2) will be published on the Ariel website of the course.
Unit 3: F. MUNARI, L. SCHIANO DI PEPE, Tutela transnazionale dell'ambiente, Bologna, 2012: capitolo I, III, V, VI. Further materials on EU policies on renewable energies will be published on the Ariel website of the course.

STUDENTI NON FREQUENTANTI:

Unit 1 and 2: M.R. MAURO, Diritto internazionale dell'economia. Teoria e prassi delle relazioni economiche internazionali, Editoriale Scientifica, Napoli , 2019: capitoli I, II, IV, V, VI e VII;
Unit 3: F. MUNARI, L. SCHIANO DI PEPE, Tutela transnazionale dell'ambiente, Bologna, 2012: capitoli I, II, III, V, VI, VII:
D. BODANSKI, The Legal Character of the Paris Agreement, Revue of European, Comparative & International Environmental Law 2016, pp. 142-150 (see on the Ariel website);
S. MALIJEAN-DUBOIS, The Paris Agreement: A New Step in the Gradual Evolution of Differential Treatment in the Climate Regime?, Revue of European, Comparative & International Environmental Law 2016, pp. 151-160 (see on the Ariel website).
Further materials on the EU policies on renewable energies will be published on the Ariel website of the course.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The final exam is oral. The purpose is to appraise students': a) knowledge and understanding of the topics included in the course's programme; b) capacity of applying international law instruments to critically investigate inter-state relations in the economic and environmental field.
Attending students may take an interim oral exam at the end of the first and of the second unit.
In alternative, the exam can be taken on the whole programme after the end of classes
Unità didattica 1
IUS/13 - INTERNATIONAL LAW - University credits: 3
Lessons: 20 hours
Unità didattica 2
IUS/13 - INTERNATIONAL LAW - University credits: 3
Lessons: 20 hours
Unità didattica 3
IUS/13 - INTERNATIONAL LAW - University credits: 3
Lessons: 20 hours
Professor(s)
Reception:
Thursday (4-7 p.m.) by Skype (giovanna.adinolfi).