Portuguese and Brazilian Studies (MA)

A.Y. 2020/2021
Overall hours
Learning objectives
The course aims at proposing an approach to the study of the literary memory of the dictatorship of Estado Novo in Portugal (1933-1974) and the Regime Militar in Brazil (1964-1985). An introduction to the historical and socio-political processes of the two dictatorships is proposed, also from a comparative point of view. The critical and narratological analysis of three classic Portuguese novels and three classic Brazilian novels will be accompanied by a deepening on the theories of the representation of memory and of memory studies.
Expected learning outcomes
Knowledge and understanding: to acquire the essential political and historiographical concepts to recognize dictatorial processes in Brazil and Portugal, understanding of elements of narratology to read critically novels, to learn about the main theories of memory studies. Applying knowledge and understanding: to grasp the historical and cultural implications of the evolution of literary representations of social memory of two Dictatorships. To know the political and socio-economical and literary lexicon applied to the two Dictatorships.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
First semester
The course will be held mainly by online synchronous online lectures using Teams, with the exception of some asynchronous lessons (video lessons) and some in-presence lessons with group activities (about every 15 days).
Students who do not participate in face-to-face lessons will carry out an alternative online activity that will allow them to develop the same skills as the activity proposed in the classroom.
The schedule of lessons and all the details of the activities will be published in the online course. Any updates will also be communicated through announcements in the online course (please read often mail @studenti.unimi.it)
The methods and criteria for attending face-to-face lessons will be published in time in the online course. Booking via app is required to attend the lesson in presence
Students unable to attend face-to-face synchronous lessons, can be considered to be attending if carry out alternative online activities.
Course syllabus
The course "Os corpos do Brasil. Figuras e metáforas do corpo na literatura brasileira" proposes an itinerary through a selection of pradigmatic texts of Brazilian literature from its origins to the contemporary.
The key idea is to read the texts through the political, symbolic and metaphorical figure of the body.
The course (60 hours) is divided into 6 units:
the indigenous body: the analysis of the famous Carta do Achamento written by Pêro Vaz da Caminha in April 1500 will allow us to read the figural history of the indigenous body - with all the impudence of its adamic nakedness - to be considered as a real threshold of the colonial construction of otherness.
The devoured body:
starting from the metaphor of the swallowing of the body, Brazilian Modernism and the Anthropophagic Movement are experimenting with a way to affirm an authentically Brazilian cultural and literary identity.
The black body: the emergence of narrating the body of the black begins at the end of the nineteenth century with the abolition of slavery in Brazil (1888). The black identity becomes central in the literary narratives of writers of the twentieth century. The novel by Jorge Amado Jubiabá (1934) is a paradigmatic attempt at redemption, in an epic and picaresque way, of the history of the Brazilian Negro, in particular of Bahia.
Female bodies, precarious bodies: in the book Quarto de despejo of Maria Carolina de Jesus, the female body, the black body, tried by work and hunger, and the set of precarious conditions of life in the favela are the engine of a writing that bursts into the public space to claim the right to exist, problematizing the Brazilian literary canon of the sixties.

The body as a corpse:
announcing literary modernity in Brazil is the dead body, cadaverous of the protagonist of the novel by Machado de Assis Memórias póstumas de Braz Cubas (1881) who is granted the impossible privilege to narrate the his memories inevitably "posthumous".
Human body and animal body: the tale "Meu tio o Iauaretê" by João Guimarães Rosa, masterfully stages that "perspective relativity" that contemporary anthropology recognizes in Brazilian indigenous cultures, capable of redefining the boundary between the human body and the animal body.
Prerequisites for admission
The course is held entirely in Portuguese, but there is no prerequisite.
Teaching methods
The course adopts the following teaching methods: lectures, practical activities, presentations.
Teaching Resources
The course has a site on the online platform Ariel (https:// https://vrussolp123.ariel.ctu.unimi.it/), to which reference is made for lecture notes and other materials provided by the teacher. For each teaching unit, specific critical essays on individual works or on general questions will be made available on the site. The following are the mandatory reading materials for the various teaching units.

- Pêro Vaz de Caminha, La Carta do Achamento di Pero vaz de Caminha, a cura di A. Unali, Cisalpino-Goliardica, Milano, 1984.
- Oswald de Andrade, Manifesto Antropófago [1928], in A Utopia Antropofágica. Obras Completas de Oswald de Andrade, Vol. VI, Globo, 1990.
- Jorge Amado, Jubiabá, Rio de Janeiro, Record, stampa 1994. [1934]
- Carolina Maria de Jesus, Quarto de despejo, Edição Popular, 1963.
- Machado de Assis, Memórias Póstumas de Braz Cubas, Rio de Janeiro / Belo Horizonte, Garnier, 1988 [1881].
- João Guimarães Rosa, "Meu tio o Iauaretê", in Estas estórias, Livraria José Olympio, 1969, pp.126-159.
- Dispensa di materiali critici
Assessment methods and Criteria
The exam consists of a written or an oral test with the teacher of the monographic course.
The oral exam with the teahcer of the course includes questions asked by the teacher and interactions between teacher and student. The exam takes place in Italian. The interview aims to verify the knowledge of the texts studied, the capacity for contextualization, the ability to expose, the precision in the use of specific terminology, the capacity for critical and personal reflection on the proposed themes.
All the results of the written tests will be announced on the Ariel page of the course.
The final grade is expressed in thirtieths, and the student has the right to refuse it.

International or Erasmus incoming students are invited to contact the teacher promptly. The examination procedures for students with disabilities and/or with DSA must be established with the teacher, in agreement with the competent Office.
Unita' didattica A
Lessons: 20 hours
Professor: Russo Vincenzo
Unita' didattica B
Lessons: 20 hours
Unita' didattica C
Lessons: 20 hours
3-5 p.m. (every Tuesday)
Teams/ Department (Iberistica)