Systematic and Comparative Veterinary Anatomy

A.Y. 2020/2021
11
Max ECTS
104
Overall hours
SSD
VET/01
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The course aims to provide the student with theoretical and practical knowledge of the normal anatomy of animals of veterinary interest (dog, cat, cattle, horse, pig and rabbit), taking into consideration the systems locomotor, digestive, cardio-circulatory, respiratory, urogenital and integumentary (systematic anatomy) and the main species differences (anatomy comparative).
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the course the student will have to demonstrate:
1) Knowledge and understanding: in-depth knowledge of the macroscopic and microscopic anatomy of the organs, the general organization of the body, visceral spaces and cavities by considering: organogenesis, shape, position and relationships, vascularization and innervation and the main species differences; 2) Appling knowledge and understanding: to be able to apply the knowledge acquired during the course directly on histological, myological preparations, isolated bones and skeletons, viscera and corpses of animals.
3) Making judgments: to develop critical and judgmental skills by critically and proactively addressing the frontal and practical lessons and the study of the various topics both on the textbooks and on the material provided by the teacher. 4)Communication: to be able to expose the notions acquired with an appropriate terminology, updated and consistent with the terminology used in the other disciplines both during lectures, when intervening during classroom discussions, and during practical lessons.
5) Life long learning skills: to be able to deal effectively the study of professional subjects in order to have a complete preparation to enter the world of work.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
Second semester
In the current situation, in which it is possible to teach in the presence, even if it is limited, both the frontal lessons and the exercises will be done in presence. Students will be divided into groups that will alternate in presence and at a distance. Both lessons and exercises will be recorded through Microsoft Teams platform and uploaded on the same platform, so that the group of students who are following at a distance can follow the same lessons, even if deferred. The exams will take place in presence.
If another lockdown is activated, both lessons and exercises will be delivered synchronously via Microsoft Teams platform. When necessary, for contingent reasons, lessons will take place asynchronously and will be uploaded both on the Ariel site of the course and on the Microsoft Teams platform. The exams will take place remotely through the University platform "Moodle/SEB".
Prerequisites for admission
To take the exam, the student must have passed the compulsory preparatory examinations of Biological sciences preparatory to Veterinary Medicine, as well as having attended not less than 75% of the hours both theoretical and practices.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The examination takes place in a single trial (duration 2 hours) and provides, for each module of a written test and a practical test aimed to verify knowledge and understanding and the ability to apply knowledge and understanding by a:

A) Written test, duration 2 hours; for each module are scheduled:
1)Twenty-nine multiple choice questions (4 answers) with the possibility of choosing only one correct answer. In case of no answer the question is not considered; in case of wrong answer, 0.25 points are deducted.
2)Recognition of two cards containing images of organs and / or systems both from the microscopic and macroscopic point of view, on mute map. The images proposed correspond to those projected in class. Each card is worth one point.

The topics on which the questions are concerned are:
1) Systematic and Comparative Veterinary Anatomy Module 1: generalities on the loco-motor apparatus, axial and appendicular skeleton, junctions and muscles taking in account the most important species differences. Cardio-circulatory, respiratory, integumentary apparatus, considering shape, position, relationships, architecture and structure, the most significant ultrastructure characteristics, vascularization and innervations and species differences.
2) Systematic and Comparative Veterinary Anatomy Module 2: digestive and urogenital apparatus, considering form, position, relationships, architecture and structure; the most significant ultrastructure characteristics, vascularization and innervations and species differences.

The final mark of the two written tests, expressed in thirtieths, corresponds to the mathematical average of the two written tests (questions and graphic cards). The student must pass the written tests of both courses; if one of the two tests receives a score of less than 18/30, the student must repeat the entire written test, even if the other one has been passed. If the student responds positively to all 29 questions and the 2 cards with the images, his/her final grade will be 30L.
If the student exceeds the 25/30 score she/he can decide not to take the practical test
If the student reaches an overall score below 25/30 she/he must take a practical test.

B) Practical Test
1) Recognition of a skeletal or myology preparation (Systematic and Comparative Veterinary Anatomy Module 1);
2) Recognition of a microscopic preparation (Systematic and Comparative Veterinary Anatomy Module 2).
In both cases the preparations have already been studied and explained during the practical lessons. Based on the overall outcome of the two practical tests, the final score can vary by +/- two points (e.g. from 25 it can become 27 or 23).
If, during the practical test, the student answers the questions insufficiently, the exam may not be considered passed.
Anatomia veterinaria sistematica e comparata 1
Course syllabus
The module provides 40 hours of frontal teaching and 16 hours of practical lessons which have the specific objective of providing an exhaustive knowledge of the macroscopic and microscopic anatomy of the skeletal and integumentary muscle systems with its annexes (glands and hairs) and its specializations (horns) and cardio-circulatory and respiratory systems in species of veterinary interest. The nail anatomy will be treated in the topographic anatomy module (4th year). The topics will be treated in a systematic and comparative way. The description of each apparatus is preceded by the description of its organogenesis.
The introductory lesson and the lessons on the musculoskeletal system, both frontal and practical, will be carried out during the first semester, those on the respiratory, cardio-circulatory and integumentary systems, in the second semester.
A) Frontal lessons (40 hours)
1. Introduction to the course, programs, exam procedures, recommended textbooks (2 hours, first semester)
2. Musculoskeletal system (22 hours, first semester)
- generality on bones, joints, muscles (3 hours)
- axial skeleton (3 hours)
- appendicular skeleton fore limb, bones and related joints (5 hours)
- appendicular skeleton hind limb, bones and related joints (4 hours)
- limb myology, 4 hours
- head, neck and trunk myology (3 hours)
3. Cardio-circulatory system (8 hours, second semester)
-heart (2ore)
-systemic circulation (3 hours)
-lymphatic system(3 hours)
4. Respiratory system (4 hours, second semester)
-upper airways (1 hour)
-lower airways (3 hours)
5. Integumentary system (4 hours, second semester)
-skin and its annexes (2 hours)
-mammary gland (2 hours)




B) Practical lessons (16 hours, first semester)
Practical lessons on the skeletal system take place on isolated bones, whole skeletons, muscle preparations and models; the practical lessons of myology take place on limbs isolated from cadavers of different species of domestic animals
1. Axial skeleton and related joints (4 hours)
2. Appendicular skeleton and related joints (8 hours)
3. Myology (4 hours)

Practical lessons of microscopic anatomy of the circulatory, respiratory and integumentary systems are held together with those of the Systematic and Comparative Veterinary Anatomy 2 (second semester).
Teaching methods
The course is divided into two semesters and it consists of frontal and practical lessons, of macroscopic and microscopic anatomy.The lectures are held in the classroom with the help of presentations in ppt. Students are invited to actively participate in the lesson, based on the knowledge acquired in the preparatory subjects. The slides are available on the teacher's Ariel website.
The practical lessons of macroscopic anatomy are held in the osteotheca and in the dissection room. The practical lessons of microscopic anatomy take place in the didactic microscopy laboratories and are merged with those of module 2. Each student works independently, individually and / or in groups (max 6 students per group), supervised by tutors, with the help of the reference text-books. Verifications of learning are foreseen through theoretical questions and practical demonstrations, in order to consolidate the student's knowledge.
Teaching Resources
Recommended Textbooks: Macroscopic anatomy
-Dyce KM, Sack WO, Wensing CJG: Anatomia Veterinaria, Antonio Delfino Editore, Roma, 2009;
-Koning- Liebich: Anatomia dei Mammiferi Domestici. Piccin Editore, 2016;
-Miller's Anatomy of the Dog, 4e , H.E. Evans and A. de Lahunta , Elsevir, 2013;
-Schaller O: Nomenclatura Anatomica Veterinaria Illustrata, Antonio Delfino Editore, 1999;
-Popesko P: Atlante di Anatomia Topografica degli Animali Domestici, ed Grasso e Edimediche, 1997;

Recommended Textbooks: Embryology and Organogenesis
-Pelagalli G, Castaldo L, Lucini C, Patruno M, Scocco P: Embriologia. Morfogenesi e anomalie dello sviluppo. Idelson Gnocchi Editore, 2009;
-Noden DM, De Lahunta A: Embriologia degli animali domestici, Edi-Ermes, 1991;

Recommended Textbooks: Microscopic Anatomy
-Liebich: Istologia e Anatomia microscopica dei mammiferi domestici e degli uccelli, Piccin, 2012;
-Dellmann HD, Eurell JA: Istologia e Anatomia microscopica veterinaria. Casa editrice ambrosiana, Milano, 2000;
-Banks WJ: Istologia e anatomia microscopica veterinaria, Piccin-Nuova Libraria, 1991;

Slides of the lectures: sito Ariel http://smodinaavsc.ariel.ctu.unimi.it/v3/home/Default.aspx
Anatomia veterinaria sistematica e comparata 2
Course syllabus
The module, which takes place during the second semester, provides 32 hours of frontal teaching and 16 hours of practical lessons which have the specific objective of providing an exhaustive knowledge of the macroscopic and microscopic anatomy of the digestive and urogenital system in species of veterinary interest. The topics will be treated in a systematic and comparative way. The description of each apparatus is preceded by the description of its organogenesis

A) Frontal lessons
Introduction to the course, introduction to organogenesis (2 hours)2. Cephalic intestine: oral cavity and pharynx (5 hours)3. Anterior intestine: esophagus and stomach (5 hours)4. Medium intestine (small and large intestine), rectum and anal canal (4 hours)5. Glands attached to the digestive system: liver and pancreas (2 hours)6. Urinary system (4 hours)7. Female genital system (4 hours)8. Male genital system (4 hours)
B)Practical lessons (16 hours)
Macroscopic anatomy:1. Digestive system (4 hours)2. Female and male urogenital system (2 hours)3. Cardio-circulatory, respiratory and tegumentary systems (2 hours)Microscopic anatomy4. Digestive system (4 hours)5. Female and male urogenital system (2 hours)6. Cardio-circulatory, respiratory and tegumentary systems (2 hours)
Teaching methods
The course consists of frontal and practical lessons, of macroscopic and microscopic anatomy.The lectures are held in the classroom with the help of presentations in ppt. Students are invited to actively participate in the lesson, based on the knowledge acquired in the preparatory subjects. The slides are available on the teacher's Ariel website.
The practical lessons of macroscopic anatomy are held in the dissection room. The practical lessons of microscopic anatomy take place in the didactic microscopy laboratories on histological samples. Each student works independently, individually and / or in groups (max 6 students per group), supervised by tutors, with the help of the reference text-books. Verifications of learning are foreseen through theoretical questions and practical demonstrations, in order to consolidate the student's knowledge.
Teaching Resources
Recommended Textbooks: macroscopic anatomy
-Dyce KM, Sack WO, Wensing CJG: Anatomia Veterinaria, Antonio Delfino Editore, Roma, 2009;
-Koning- Liebich: Anatomia dei Mammiferi Domestici. Vol II, Piccin Editore, 2006;
-Pelagalli G, Botte V: Anatomia Veterinaria Sistematica e Comparata, I vol., III ed., Edi-Ermes, 1999;
-Miller's Anatomy of the Dog, 4e , H.E. Evans and A. de Lahunta , Elsevir, 2013;
-Schaller O: Nomenclatura Anatomica Veterinaria Illustrata, Antonio Delfino Editore, 1999;
-Popesko P: Atlante di Anatomia Topografica degli Animali Domestici, ed Grasso e Edimediche, 1997;

Recommended Textbooks: embryology and organogenesis
-Pelagalli G, Castaldo L, Lucini C, Patruno M, Scocco P: Embriologia. Morfogenesi e anomalie dello sviluppo. Idelson Gnocchi Editore, 2009;
-Noden DM, De Lahunta A: Embriologia degli animali domestici, Edi-Ermes, 1991;

Recommended Textbooks: microscopic anatomy
-Liebich: Istologia e Anatomia microscopica dei mammiferi domestici e degli uccelli, Piccin, 2012;
-Dellmann HD, Eurell JA: Istologia e Anatomia microscopica veterinaria. Casa editrice ambrosiana, Milano, 2000;
-Banks WJ: Istologia e anatomia microscopica veterinaria, Piccin-Nuova Libraria, 1991;

Slides of the lectures: sito Ariel http://smodinaavsc.ariel.ctu.unimi.it/v3/home/Default.aspx
Anatomia veterinaria sistematica e comparata 1
VET/01 - VETERINARY ANATOMY - University credits: 6
Practicals: 16 hours
Lessons: 40 hours
Shifts:
Turno 1 per un gruppo di studenti
Professor: Modina Silvia Clotilde
Turno 2 pr un gruppo di studenti
Professor: Modina Silvia Clotilde
Anatomia veterinaria sistematica e comparata 2
VET/01 - VETERINARY ANATOMY - University credits: 5
Practicals: 16 hours
Lessons: 32 hours
Shifts:
Tuno 2 per un gruppo di studenti
Professor: Di Giancamillo Alessia
Turno 1 per un gruppo di studenti
Professor: Di Giancamillo Alessia