Prerequisites for admission
The course is open to students from all degree courses. It is completely delivered in English. Lectures, materials and bibliography require a sound knowledge of the English language.
International students and Erasmus students are welcome as long as they own the required linguistic skills.
— Henry David Thoreau, Walden, 1854 (chapters "Economy", "Where I Lived, and What I Lived for", "Higher Laws", "Spring", "Conclusion")
— Henry David Thoreau, from "Ktaadn", The Maine Woods, 1864 (on ARIEL)
— John Steinbeck, "The Chrysanthemums", "The White Quail" (from The Long Valley, 1938)
— Greg Garrard, Ecocriticism, 2011 (chapters 1, 2, 3, 4 and 7)
— Leo Marx, The Machine in the Garden, 1964 (section 2 of chapter V: pp. 242-265)
— Roderick Nash, Wilderness and the American Mind, 2001 (chapters 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)
— Paola Loreto, "Women's Ways to Nature: Steinbeck's (Mock)Pastoral Diptych of Gardening (& Childless) Wives in The Long Valley," Discourses of Emancipation and the Boundaries of Freedom: Selected papers from the 22nd ASNA Biennial Conference, ed. Leonardo Buonomo and Elisabetta Vezzosi, Trieste, EUT, 2015: 161-168 (on ARIEL)
· Robert Frost, "Design"
· Wallace Stevens, "The Snow Man"
· Robinson Jeffers, "The Answer", "Carmel Point"
· Wendell Berry, "The Peace of Wild Things"
· Gary Snyder, "Song of the Taste"
· Denise Levertov, "Aware"
· A.R. Ammons, "Motion"
· W. S. Merwin, "Native Trees", "The Last One"
· Mary Oliver, "Sleeping in the Forest", "White Flowers", "Some Questions You Might Ask"
· Jane Hirshfield, "Optimism", "Ripeness"
(on ARIEL, on the LM page of the course)
— J. Scott Bryson, "Introduction", from Ecopoetry: A Critical Introduction, Salt Lake City: The University of Utah Press, 2002)
— Anne Fisher-Wirth & Laura-Gray Street, "Editors' Preface" (pp. xxvii-xxx1) and "The Roots of It" (pp. xxxvii-xl), from The Ecopoetry Anthology, San Antonio, Texas: Trinity University Press, 2013
— The Norton Anthology of American Literature, vols. D and E: introductions to all the listed poets
— Jon Krakauer, Into the Wild (1996)
— Into the Wild, movie, dir. Sean Penn, 2007
— Paola Loreto, "The Transformation of Wilderness from the Aesthetic of the Sublime to the Aesthetic of Life: Into the Wild as a Palimpsest of the American Myth of Nature." Translating America: The Circulation of Narratives, Commodities, and Ideas between Italy, Europe, and the United States. (Transatlantic Aesthetics and Culture, vol. 5) Eds. Marina Camboni, Andrea Carosso, Sonia Di Loreto & Marco Mariano. Bern, Peter Lang, 2011, pp. 171-184 (on ARIEL).
Assessment methods and Criteria
Oral: the exam is an interview, during which students will demonstrate their capacity to read and translate the literary texts listed in the course syllabus (non-Italian students will be asked to paraphrase the same in English); their knowledge of the historical, cultural, and literary context of both the texts and writers proposed; their knowledge of the literary works proposed; their critical abilities (i.e., their capacity to analyze the literary works, and to connect different authors, texts and literary trends).
LM students from Lingue are required to take their exam in English. Students from other-than-Lingue degree courses may choose to take their exam either in Italian or in English.
The final score is expressed in thirtieths, 18/30 being the pass score. Students may accept or reject the result (in which case the record will be "ritirato," and they will have to take the whole exam again in a future session).
International or Erasmus incoming students are kindly requested to contact the teacher. Also students with any disabilities should contact the teacher in order to agree on alternative examination methods, in agreement with the competent office.
It is mandatory to bring along an academic edition of all the literary texts listed in the syllabus.