Anatomia generale e oculare

A.Y. 2021/2022
4
Max ECTS
40
Overall hours
SSD
BIO/16 BIO/17 MED/30
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
Knowledge of the general organization of the human body, with the description of the main features in relation to the spatial reference axis.
Knowledge of the morphological features of systems, organs, and tissues of the human body, together with the main morphofunctional correlations, with particular attention to the visual system.
Expected learning outcomes
Students will be able in defining the general organization of the healthy human body
Students will be able in describing the main features of the human body in relation to the spatial reference axis
Students will know the morphological features of systems, organs, and tissues of the human body, with particular attention to the visual system.
Students will explain the main morphofunctional correlations of systems, organs, and tissues of the healthy human body
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Responsible
More specific information on the delivery modes of training activities for academic year 2021/22 will be provided over the coming months, based on the evolution of the public health situation.
Prerequisites for admission
Basic knowledge of cell biology.
Assessment methods and Criteria
Written test; each question has five answers, among which only one is true.
Anatomia umana generale e SNC
Course syllabus
TOPICS OF GENERAL ANATOMY
CONSTRUCTIVE PRINCIPLES OF THE HUMAN BODY
- Body scheme
- Anatomical terminology
- General information on body spaces: connective, serous, neural
- Definition of tissue, organ, system, apparatus
- Hollow and parenchymatous organs
LOCOMOTOR APPARATUS
- General information on bones, joints, muscles
- Axial and appendicular skeleton
- Joints of the human body
- General information on head, trunk and limb muscles
NERVOUS SYSTEM
- Central nervous system:
- spinal cord
- encephalon: brainstem, cerebellum, diencephalon, telencephalon
- meninges and cerebrospinal fluid
- main routes and connections
- Peripheral nervous system:
- cranial nerves, spinal nerves and plexuses: generality and innervation territory
- sympathetic nervous system: general organization
- parasympathetic nervous system: general organization
- Specific sensitivity apparatus: general organization
ENDOCRINE APPARATUS
- Pituitary gland
- Epiphysis
- Thyroid and parathyroid glands
- Adrenal gland
CIRCULATORY APPARATUS
General organization and function. External and internal morphology of the heart. Morphological and functional analysis of atrio-ventricular and semilunar valves. Localization and function of the cardiac conduction system. Blood vessels: morphology and function of arteries, veins, capillaries. Function of anastomoses and collateral circles. Definition of pulmonary and district circulation with particular regard to the vascularisation of the head. Description of the superficial venous circulation.
LYMPHATIC CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
- General information on the lymphatic circulatory system
- Thyme
- Lymph nodes
- Spleen
- Tonsils
- Sap
DIGESTIVE APPARATUS
- Oral cavity: teeth, tongue, salivary glands
- Pharynx, oesophagus, stomach, small and large intestine
- Liver and biliary tract
- Pancreas
- Peritoneum
RESPIRATORY APPARATUS
- Upper airways
- Lower airways
- Lungs and pleurae
URINARY APPARATUS
- Kidneys
- Urinary tract
MALE GENITAL APPARATUS
- Testicles
- Spermatic ways: epididymis, vas deferens, ejaculatory duct
- Glands attached to the spermatic tract: seminal vesicles, bulbous-urethral glands, prostate
FEMALE GENITAL APPARATUS
- Ovaries
- Genital tract: uterus, fallopian tubes
SPECIFIC ANATOMY TOPICS
- Anatomical basis of head movements
- Orbital cavity
- Eye protective apparatus
- Eyeball
- Motor apparatus of the eye
- Vascularization and innervation of the eye
- Optical pathways and nerve pathways for reflex activities
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Martini et al Anatomia umana, VII ed. 2019, EdiSES
Thibodeau,Patton Anatomia umana, I ed. 2020, EDRA
Saladin Anatomia umana, V ed. 2017, Piccin
Istologia
Course syllabus
- Concept of tissue: definition. Classification criteria and general characteristics of the main chapters of tissues.
- Epithelial tissue: definition, organization, functions and classification.
- Covering ad lining epithelium: definition, main functions and criteria of classification. Morpho-functional polarity of the epithelial cell. Basal membrane. Intercellular junctions: structure and ultrastructure.
- Glandular epithelia: definition, function and criteria of classification. Morphological, architectural and functional characteristics of the glands. Exocrine and endocrine glands.
- Sensory epithelia: definition.
- Particularly differentiated epithelia: definition
- Connective tissue: definition, organization and functions, morphological and functional criteria of classification.
- Connective tissues proper: classification, functions and locations.
- Adipose tissue: morphology, functions and locations.
- Special connective tissues: morphology and classification. Cartilage tissue and bone tissue.
- Blood: definition and composition. Plasma and blood cells.
- Muscle tissue: definition, organization, classification criteria, locations and functions.
- Nervous tissue: definition and organization mode. Neurons: morphological and functional classification criteria. Structure and ultrastructure of the neuron. Myelin sheath: definition, formation, structure and ultrastructure. Glia: definition and function. Morphological and functional characteristics of the different types of gliocytes. Neuromuscular junction: morphology, structure, ultrastructure and function. Motor unit: definition and constitution.
Teaching methods
Lectures will be based on ex-cathedra PowerPoint presentations made available to the students on the Ariel website of the course.
Teaching Resources
Dalle Donne et al. Istologia con elementi di anatomia microscopica, 2019, Edises
Anatomia oculare
Course syllabus
- The visual system
- Orbit and adnexa
- The eye: layers, intraocular chambers, anterior segment, lens, posterior segment
- Optic nerve, tract and radiations
Teaching methods
Lectures will be based on ex-cathedra PowerPoint presentations made available to the students on the Ariel website of the course.
Teaching Resources
Martini et al Anatomia umana, VII ed. 2019, EdiSES
Thibodeau,Patton Anatomia umana, I ed. 2020, EDRA
Saladin Anatomia umana, V ed. 2017, Piccin
Educational material uploaded on Ariel
Anatomia oculare
MED/30 - OPHTHALMOLOGY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Professor: Villani Edoardo
Anatomia umana generale e SNC
BIO/16 - HUMAN ANATOMY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 20 hours
Istologia
BIO/17 - HISTOLOGY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Professor: Sommariva Michele
Educational website(s)
Professor(s)
Reception:
Appointment via e-mail
Dept. of Biomedical Sciences for Health - via Mangiagalli 31, Milan
Reception:
Appointment by e mail
Via Mangiagalli 31, SciBis